Luke Keith’s 1879 Diary

1879 DIARY OF CHARLES LUKE KEITH JR.[1]

Jan 1 – Went over to burg[2] with Edna Allen,[3] she went home. Bot stove pipe 40 cts. Mr Browns folks,[4] Hank and Nancy[5] and Mrs Betts[6] here. Had a jolly old time. [Che Che[7] came. Had a dance.][8] Carried Mrs Betts home at night. Mink Streator died this morning.

Jan 2 – No work to day. Very blustring day. Carried Nancy home at night. Cold as blazes.

Jan 3 – Mercury 10 below zero in morning. No work to day Except chores.

Jan 4 – Shoveled snow so we could get to the woods. Drawed four loads wood. Carried Hannah[9] over to Nancys at night. Lucinda Brown of East Gainesville, Wyoming County, NY died to day AEged 63 years.[10]

Jan 5 – Alvin Lee[11] came here made an axhelve for him. Went over to burg after Hannah.

Jan 6 – Went over to burg in the morning to see Doc Burrows to get county order. Went up in woods after wood. Went over to Bartons. Ethan[12] went over to Hanks to stay with Nancy. Hank gone to Kalamazoo. Mr Philip Goodrich died this morning at seven Oclock.[13] Jim[14] went to school. Bot this Diary 40 cts. Hannah went down to Henry Kings. Ethan repaired Guittar.

Jan 7 – Not much done. Cold day. Ethan came home. Wind south west.

Jan 8 – Went over to burg. Sarah[15] went over to go to Funeral. Mr Goodrich buried to day. Went up in woods got one load wood. Went over to burg after Sarah. Wind west south west.

Jan 9 – Cut out bords for Box. Went over to burg got board for End boards to Dells[16] box. Got nine Dollars of County on county order. Dressed out some box boards. Konk Smith called here. Wind North west in morning North East at night.

Jan 10 – Worked in shop, plained out side and End boards for Dells box. Made moulding board for Sarah. Let Alfleda[17] have one Dollar, Sarah half Dollar. Mercury 2 Abzo.[18] Wind 2 minutes North of west.

Jan 11 – Worked in shop some. Sawed out sash stuf, plained out some boards. Mercury 14 Abz.

Jan 12 – At home. Katharine,[19] Orrin[20] and Jim came up here. Mercury 10 A. Wind west. Caywood brot Hannah home in morning.

Jan 13 – Worked in shop on Skinners box all day. Not very cold. Wind west North west. Mercury 2 Abz in morning.

Jan 14 – Mercury 21 Abz in morn. Wind South west.

Jan 15 – Carried Sarah over to burg. 3 lbs nails 15¢. Claud[21] came home with me. Went down to Mr Caywoods after Hannahs Pleeter.[22] Snowed and blowed like fun.[23] Wind in North East. Mercury 18 Abz.

Jan 16 – Mercury 17 abz in morning. Cut down tre East of house south side road. Sun came out. Wind North west. Went down to Browns got four bushels wheat. Cleaned up four bushels Buckwheat, shelled 2 bushels corn. Jim came home stayed all night. He paid me fifty cents. Lost bag of Buckwheat flour of of the sleigh. Mr Ridler picked it up.

Jan 17 – Went to mill up to Howlands. Alvin, Julia and Orrin at Hanks. Jed Blodget and wife here when I got home.

Jan 18 – Went and cut some wood. Split and drawed some wood. Charley Smith came after Hannah. Orrin went up to Mr Flanders.[24] Walter Austin came over after Guitarr in Evening. Fine day, wind South west. Austin Potts Hulling clover up to Schrams.

Jan 19 – Went down to Katharines in afternoon. Cold and some blustrous. Wind North west in forenoon, South East in Evening.

Jan 20 – Went over to burg in forenoon. Snowed some. Bot salt bottles 10, bot two for Katharine. Went over to Straits got Calipers. Mr Peter Johnson paid me 50¢. Wind South South west.

Jan 21 – Nelson Nickols choped wood for me to day. I drawed wood in afternoon. Very good day. Mercury 11 Abz. Wind south west.

Jan 22 – Nickols choped and sawed wood. Went down to Browns got his saw. Luther Eldred and wife here to dinner. Fine day mercury 43 Abz. Paid Nelt one 1.25 Dollar and 25 cents. Wind South East.

Jan 23 – Filed Browns saw. Made some bix ins for Theodore.[25] Drawed one load wood. Went over to burg at noon. Went down to M O Streators[26] in Evening. Wind South west. First Egg for the season.

Jan 24 – Mercury 24 Abz in morn. Wind South west.

Jan 25 – Went over got Nancy in morning. Worked on patterns some. Carried Hank and Nancy down to Browns in Evening. Wind South west.

Jan 26 – Mercury 19 Abz in morning. Jim came home after his cloths. Rained in night. Wind South East.

Jan 27 – Rainy day mercury 44 very foggy. Worked on Churn cut grove for head, made head. Wind south west. Snow setled very fast.

Jan 28 – Worked on churn. Fine day all day. Wind south. Mike Hess wife died.

Jan 29 – Fine day. Finished churn in fore noon. Alvin, Ida and Julia called here. Alfleda went home with them. Wind south west. Harry Streators girl Born to day. Hellen Randall helped Born it.[27]

Jan 30 – Very pleasant morning no clouds looks like spring. Mercury 37. Wind North west at noon. Shortened up Mrs Betts cupboard.

Jan 31 – Drove up to Mr Ralphs. Went over to burg bot file &c.[28] Theodore came down to gum saw. Worked on Box some. Got out stuf for pulley to Henrys[29] Buz saw. Sarah went up to Mr Taylors. Mrs Jo Flanders[30] called here. Mr Knap came over. Mrs Fancher buried.[31] Wind North west.

Feb 1 – Mercury Abz 16 in morning. Carried Sarah up to Ralphs in morning. D. Stafford came down and helped turn some patterns. Went after Sarah in Evening. 7 Eggs. Wind North in morning.

Feb 2 – At home all day. No one here. Nice day, cold wind. Got 10 Eggs. Wind North west.

Feb 3 – Worked in shop. Went up in woods got load wood. Worked on pully to Buz saw. Mrs D. K. Rogers died this morning.[32] Browns folks here in Evening. Wind south and south East.

Feb 4 – Put cleats on Dells box. Turned out pully for buz saw. Theodore turned the lathe. Made Nancys Ironing board. Not very cold. Bot three brooms of pedler for fifty cents. Wind south East.

Feb 5 – Carried Sarah over to burg to Mrs D. K. Rogers funerall. Dressed out seat for Dells box. Bot paint. Went over after Sarah at night. Bot oil and venecian red 25¢ paint 50¢. Not very cold. Wind North East. Ruth McLary died 6 oclock P.M.[33]

Feb 6 – Worked on box. Alvin and Julia came up brot Alfleda home. Carried Sarah over to Barbers at noon. Went after her just at night. Wind North West.

Feb 7 – Pleasant morning very good sleighing. Jim came home this morning. Painted Dells Box. Ruth McLary buried to day. Wind west mercury 32 Abz.

Feb 8 – Worked in shop some. Painted Dells box. Mrs Streator[34] called here. Nancy came over with Allen Simmons. Hank came over stayed all night. Wind North west.

Feb 9 – Pleasant morning. Not very good sleighing. Went down to Katherines in afternoon found them all well as usual. Orrin went over to Comstock. Wind North west.

Feb 10 – Carried Nancy home this morning. Got some rivet head nails made for wagon box 10¢. Drawed 3 loads wood in afternoon. Ethan went over to burg. Davis Stafford brot load wood for shop in afternoon. Wind South East 7½ minutes.

Feb 11 – Worked on sash all day. Not very cold. Ethan came home. Wind South.

Feb 12 – Finished my sash. Dressed of cross head for Theodore. Mr Taylor came down after meat grinder. Wind west.

Feb 13 – Turned out some patterns. Primed sash. Edwin Flanders[35] brot down 3 bas boards. Theodore came down. T. C. Ford[36] called in to see Theodore. Snowey and blustrous wind North west. Went over to burg in Evening after Hannah, she no come home. T. C. Ford got runaway with, got hurt some.

Feb 14 – Worked on patterns. Cold and blustrous. Dell Skinner called. Mercury 2 below zero. Wind North west.

Feb 15 – Worked in shop some. Painted sash and Mrs Betts cupboard. Dell went home. Wind south south East.

Feb 16 – At home. Jim and Katharine came up, she stayed. Mercury 20 Abz. Wind North west.

Feb 17 – Went over to burg carried over patterns. Went to Staffords. Went down to A. Browns. Hannah went down to see Mrs Brown[37] about going to Kalamazoo.

Feb 18 – Put glass into shop window. Carried Sarah and Katharine over to burg. Drawed one load wood. Not very good sleighing. Mercury at zero. Wind North west. Carried Hannah over to Nancys in Evening took Mrs Betts cupboard over. Sarah and Katharine came home with me.

Feb 19 – Went over to burg in morning. Katharine went over to see Osgood. Snowey bad day. Carried Katharine home in afternoon. Wind North south East.

Feb 20 – Put glass into sash to south window in shop. Tamer Ford[38] called here. Orrin Lee and Miles came stayed all night. Wind south East.

Feb 21 – Orrin and Miles here making candy. Cold. Wind west Mercury 16 Abz. Volney Hascall Died AE. 59 years.[39]

Feb 22 – Orrin and Miles went over to burg. Pleasant day. Dell and Lois[40] came Dell got his Box. Mercury 36 Abz.

Feb 23 – At home. Carried Hank and Nancy down to A. Browns. Cold west wind. South west wind Mercury 20 Abz.

Feb 24 – Snowey day not very cold. Husked some corn split some wood. Lois and Ina[41] here they washed to day. Wind East mercury 20 Abz.

Feb 25 – Carried Lois over to burg. Brot Mrs Betts over. Lucy[42] and Orrin came up went over to Hanks. I carried Mrs Betts home in Evening. Lucy and Orrin stayed the Evening. Che Che came up had a dance. Wind south East.

Feb 26 – Some blustrous this morning. Wind South west in morning. Worked on patterns some. Paw Paw fruit man Claxton came here. Stayed all night. Wind South west. Good sleighing.

Feb 27 – Mercury 6 Below zero. Worked on patterns. Carried Lois and Sarah down to Browns. Claxton left. Wind south west but cold.

Feb 28 – Worked on patterns orin patterns. Snowed some not very cold. Ethan not very well. Lois here. Wind South East mercury 29 Abz.

Mar 1 – Worked in shop on patterns some. Carried Lois over to burg in Evening. Mercury 44 Abz. Wind south East.

Mar 2 – Mercury 24 Abz. Went down to Marts[43] after Jim, he no come home. Cold wind. Very good sleighing. Wind East.

Mar 3 – Pleasant morning. Worked on patterns. Wind East in morning mercury 18 Abz.

Mar 4 – Worked in shop on twister grear. Carried Lois up to Myron Flanders[44] in afternoon. Alfleda went down to Browns. Sarah went down to Mr Randalls to see Ella. Henry came home stayed all night. Wind North west not very cold.

Mar 5 – Worked on patterns. Stafford came down. Peter Hall came down I filed two saws for him. Henry went up to Mr Flanders in morning. Mr Flanders, Edwin and Henry went over to burg in after noon. D. J. Hart went to Mr Flanders after Lois. She went up to Harts spect Mrs Hart is coming in soon. Wind South East.

Mar 6 – Went over to burg carried patterns over to Foundry. Drawed one load wood. Henry came down I turned pick handle for him. Wind South west.

Mar 7 – Worked on patterns. Not very cold. Henry went home. Lois came back.

Mar 8 – Carried patterns over to burg in morning. Drawed two loads wood two loads corn. D. J. Hart called here. Mrs Brown came up. Wind south mercury 68 Abz.

Mar 9 – Quite warm in morning. Lois and Ina here. Killed two Roosters White Jimme. Rained some had some thunder just at night heavy shower of north. Wind South west very strong. Mercury 58 Abz.

Mar 10 – Finished the circle pattern. Got out three spoke for my wagon wheel. D. J. Hart came after Lois in afternoon. Rained in Evening some Thunder and Lightning, quite warm. Mr T. C. Ford Died to day.[45] Wind South west.

Mar 11 – Repaired my thills[46] to wagon. Wind North west, warm.

Mar 12 – Went to funeral T. C. Ford buried. Made boulster to wagon. Jim came home. Wind North west.

Mar 13 – Put boulster on wagon. Nice warm day. Draw twenty stooks corn one load wood. Wind west.

Mar 14 – Husked some corn. Worked round barn some. Went over to burg in Evening to a dance. Cold wind. Nettie Keith Died to day.[47] Wind west.

Mar 15 – Put End board into wagon box in forenoon. Some blustrous. Wind. Mercury 15 Abz.

Mar 16 – At home all day. Mercury 20 Abz wind North west. Dell and Will[48] came here stayed all night. Nettie Keith buried to day.

Mar 17 – Dell and Ina went home. Ethan went to the burg. Jim and Will went down to Katharines. Painted front End of wagon box. Willard Baty[49] Called here left Postal card. Mercury 17 Abz wind North west.

Mar 18 – Drawed in and husked corn some. Cold. Will Clark[50] here. Wind North west.

Mar 19 – Cold but pleasant. Finished drawing in corn husked some. Mr Henry King started for Nebraska. Wind west.

Mar 20 – Finished husking corn. Went over to burg carried my boots got them tapt 50¢. Went down to M. O. Streators got some scions for grafting. Harry came down in Evening. Wind South East.

Mar 21 – Went over to burg in morning got my Boots. Fine morning. Bot pail 10¢. Mr Thomas Brown of Kalamazoo County superintendant of County Poor.

Mar 22 – Worked round barn and house. Drawed two loads wood. Cold wind. Went over to burg in afternoon to Caucus. Wind west.

Mar 23 – Went down to Marts. Mart gathering sap. Saw Mr Dun. Mr Thomas Brownell Died to day.[51] Wind south west mercury 29 Abz.

Mar 24 – Some rainy. Hannah went down to Mr Browns. Claud went. Will Clark came here. Made plate for Orrin Lees cane cut his name. Wind North West.

Mar 25 – Worked round. Drawed some wood. Chored round. Went over to burg in morning. Ethan came over. Wind west.

Mar 26 – Went over to burg in morning. Sarah went over to Nancys. Made cross head for Theodore. Wind West north west.

Mar 27 – Went down to A. Browns carried lime down. Went up to mill got some bark and wood to butcher with. Wind North west.

Mar 28 – Butchered my Hog. A. Brown helped me. Had a Thunder shower in afternoon. Ethan went over to burg. Wind south East.

Mar 29 – Went over to burg in morning with Orrin Lee. Went to the burying ground. He wanted to see where his grand mother[52] was buried. Salted my pork. Made Orrins cane. Warm day. Wind North west.

Mar 30 – Cold wind. Went down to Marts got some warm shugar. Sent letter and two pictures to Mark.[53] Wind North west.

Mar 31 – Pleasant morning. Worked round. Went over to burg to see Burrows. Went down to Browns got clover one bushel. Bot mop stick. Ambroze, Matilda,[54] Marias, Laury and Cyrus Streator[55] here in Evening. Wind North west.

Apr 1 – Some rain in morning. Ethan went over to Foundry. Wind west in morning.

Apr 2 – Ethan went over to Foundry. Very snowey afternoon. D. J. Hart brot Lois C down. Snow four 4 inches. Cow calved this morning be Jabers had a cow calf be gorry. Wind North West.

Apr 3 – Snows. Went over to burg. Ethan went over. Lois went over to see Mrs Wheeler. Wind North west mercury 18 Abz.

Apr 4 – Went over to burg. Sarah went over to get Mrs Betts dress. Ethan commenced lathing. Got 9.75 cts of county. Wind North west.

Apr 5 – Went over to burg at noon. Took Lois over she went home. Brot Nancy and Frank over. Ethan to work over to Foundry. Fine day. Wind West Nouth west.

Apr 6 – At home. Carried Nancy home at night. Will carried Frank home. Mrs Polly Nobles of Pavilion N. Y. Died.[56] Wind south west.

Apr 7 – Went up in woods cut and sawed some wood. Pleasant day. North west wind.

Apr 8 – Went over to burg in morning got ashes of Hank. Went up in woods sawed some wood. Went down to Katharines in afternoon. Wind south west.

Apr 9 – Sawed wood in forenoon. Rained in afternoon. Wind south.

Apr 10 – Sawed wood some. Went down to Charles Lees. Rained some. Wind south.

Apr 11 – Drawed 4 loads wood. Not very cold. Went over to burg in Evening. Sold 19 Doz Eggs 8[?] ct pr Doz. Wind North East.

Apr 12 – Carried Ethan over to burg Nancy came over with me. Wind North.

Apr 13 – At home all day. Alvin Lee, George Newton and Ida here. Wind west.

Apr 14 – Took Ethan over to burg. Jim plowing up by the woods. Cut some brush. Wind North west.

Apr 15 – Jim plowing. Moved log, fixed fence. Got Jesse Earls[57] seed sower. Sowed clover seed in afternoon.

Apr 16 – Worked round. Jim plowing. Wind North.

Apr 17 – Working round garden and house. Henry here. Sherman Cummings and Neal Daniels married.[58] Wind North west.

Apr 18 – Got out manure. Henry and Ethan went to burg. Henry went up to Mr Flanders. Let Henry have two Dollars. Mr Brinningstool Died.[59] Wind west.

Apr 19 – Got out manure and plowed gardens. Planted some potatoes in East garden. Went down to A Browns in Evening. Stranger came here in night about twelve oclock stayed all night, was going to Mr Fords. Wind North East.

Apr 20 – Pleasant morning. Went down to Kates in afternoon. Fine day. Mr Brinningstool died buried to day. Wind North East.

Apr 21 – Went over to burg in morning. Got lumber for windmill patterns of E. R. Strait. Went down to Browns got four bushels wheat. Warm day.

Apr 22 – Went to Comstock to mill. Fine day. Worked on patterns some. Mrs Betsey Lee of Salt Lake City Died to day.[60]

Apr 23 – Worked on patterns some. Warm day. Henry and Ethan work on binder. Hank went to Kalamazoo, had bill.[61]

Apr 24 – Worked on patterns some. Henry and Ethan went over to burg in afternoon. Lawton safe pedler stayed here all night. Wind north.

Apr 25 – Worked on patterns. Jim rolled the wheat. Henry went home. Dave Walker left for Tekonsha.[62] He paid 75¢ for keep overnight. Rained in night. Wind North East.

Apr 26 – Worked in shop on patterns. Warm day. Wind south west.

Apr 27 – Fine day, quite warm, rained some towards night. Hank and Nancy came over after church. Wind south west.

Apr 28 – Worked on patterns. Fine day. Went down to Marts in afternoon with Jim. Mr Hiram Woolcot Died to day.[63] Wind North west.

Apr 29 – Worked in shop on patterns. Went over to burg in Evening. Wind south west.

Apr 30 – Worked on patterns most of the day. Wind East.

May 1 – Fine morning. Worked on patterns some. Wind North East.

May 2 – Worked on patterns. Fine day. Jim plowing in south lot. Wind North.

May 3 – Finished Straits patterns. Jim plowing. Rained in afternoon. Put some grafts in apple tree in south lot. Snocked cow turds some. Wind south west.

May 4 – Rainy morning. Hank had Frank and buggy went up to Rass Towns.[64] Wind North west.

May 5 – Pulled corn stalks. Chored around. Henry came home. Ethan Grafting, Jim plowing. Wind North west.

May 6 – Altered over patterns. Davis Stafford came over. Fine day. Wind North.

May 7 – Finished pattern carried it over to burg. Henry went home. Ethan stayed all night. I glued Johney Blakes violin some. Wind North East.

May 8 – Pleasant day. Ethan over to burg. Work on violin. Old Stocking pedler here, bot 4 prs stockings 55 cts. Cleaned out stove. Mercury 34 some frost. Wind North East stout.

May 9 – Worked on patterns. Went over to burg in Evening. Got some mortar to plaster front room. Wind south East.

May 10 – Barber[65] Came over plastered front room. Nancy came over. Went down to Browns at night. Hank came over. Wind south.

May 11 – Warm. At home all day. No one here. Wind south west.

May 12 – Worked on patterns some. Went over to burg in morning. Jim ploted corn ground. Wind south west.

May 13 – Not much done in shop. Hoed potatoes. Found some bugs. Jim Draged corn ground. Had a shower in afternoon. Wind west.

May 14 – Worked on patterns. Went up to Mr Flanders. Got seed corn and some potatoes snowflake and La_ y Rose. Had a fine rain. Wind North East.

May 15 – Worked in shop some. Rained some. Jim helped Mr Brown plant. I went up to sawmill got to 4×4 scantling. Wind North.

May 16 – Marked out Corn ground. Jim and Will Brown[66] plant. Wind North East. Amos Rogers Died this morning.[67] Warm day.

May 17 – Went down to Mr Browns in morning. Got some seed potatoes. Hannah and Adelfa York[68] went down. Mr Brown and Nancy went to Kalamazoo. Finished planting corn. Carried Sarah over Mrs Betts she stayed all night. Tub[?] came of with nine chickens. Wind North.

May 18 – Warm day. At home all day. Alvin and Julia here. Amos Rogers buried to day. Old Mrs Hurd Died. Wind East.

May 19 – Worked in shop on patterns. Fine day. Sam Cressey called here with a petition for postmaster. Wind south East.

May 20 – Went over to burg in morning with patterns. Hannah and Delpha went up to Jim Milhams.[69] Planted potatoes. Old Mrs Hurd buried to day.[70] Wind north.

May 21 – Cool morning. Went to Kalamazoo after some stiel $2.61 for Binder. Delpha went down to Katharines. Mr Evens Died to day.[71] Wind North East.

May 22 – Mr William Plank Died this morning.[72] Worked on cog circle. Went over to burg twice. Wind south East.

May 23 – Went up in woods got sakes for fence. Drawed three loads slabs from mill to make fence.

May 24 – Went over to burg. Mrs Cornell died.[73] Not much done. Ethan and Hannah went down to Marts stayed all night. Rained in night. Wind south East.

May 25 – At home all day. Dell and Lois came here afternoon. Wind south west.

May 26 – Cool morning. Mrs Lemmon buried to day.[74] Mrs Cornell buried to day. Went to Kalamazoo to get iron. Wind North East.

May 27 – Went over to burg. Got lumber to make platform and door step. Jim plowed some ground for potatoes and corn in south lot. Hannah went up to Mr Flanders to sew for Mate. Wind south west.

May 28 – Warm day. Jim to work for I. D. L. Schram[75] plastering corn. Planted potatoes. Wind south East.

May 29 – Went over to burg in morning after Mrs Betts and Nancy. Sowed some corn planted calafornia corn. Had a fine shower rained in night. Pla[?] wind south East

May 30 – Fine morning. Hoed in garden some. Jim plastered corn. Mad bars out by hen yard and Hogpen. Wind west.

May 31 – Hoed potatoes, corn and berry bushes. Ethan cultivated garden. Windy, verry warm. Had a nice rain. Went over to burg just at night. Nancy came over. Went down to Browns. Rained in night. Wind south.

Jun 1 – Rainy morning. At home all day. R. C. Strait and George Yumans came over to see binder. Wind North East.

Jun 2 – Went over to burg in morning brot Binder patterns home. Planted in corn. Rained some just at night. Wind west south west.

Jun 3 – At home all day. Worked in shop some. Wind south East.

Jun 4 – Went over to burg in morning. Worked in shop some. Hoed some. Frank Tomlinson married to night.[76] Wind North west.

Jun 5 – Went over to burg in morning. Carried over boards to have sawed and planed fore door frames to put netting on. Went over at night got boards. Patty[77] came over with me. Wind North.

Jun 6 – Worked in shop some on patterns some on violin. Jim cultivating corn. Wind North East.

Jun 7 – Worked in shop some on violin and patterns.

Jun 8 – At home some. Went down to Katharines. Patty went down stayed. Jim went to Goguac Lake to Spiritualist meeting.

Jun 9 – Worked in shop on violin some. Turned out some pins for O. D. Schram.[78] Jim cultivated corn. Wind North west.

Jun 10 – Worked on violin put it together. Jim finished cultivating corn. Went over to burg got boots mended. Wind west.

Jun 11 – Went down to Caywood in morning carried Hannahs dress. Went over to burg bot strings pegs for Blakes violin 75¢. Very windy.

Jun 12 – Worked in shop some. Went over to burg.

Jun 13 – Went over to burg in morning. Quin[79] left for Ohio. Henry took possession of store. Strait came over. Sarah went over to burg. Henry came over stayed all night.

Jun 14 – West over to burg in morning.

Jun 15 – At home. Mart brot Patty and Katharine up. Stafford and Henry came here.

Jun 16 – Carried Hannah to Mr Flanders. Turned twelve pins for Ayres Raymond. Got two bushels corn of M O Streator. Worked on cultivator.

Jun 17 – Finished cultivator. Jim cultivating.

Jun 18 – Carried all hands over to burg to see show come in. I came home. Hoed some plowed out garden. Sarah, Patty, Katharine and Hannah went.

Jun 19 – Hoed gardens. Davis came down got pattern made. Lucy came up. I went over after Patty and Katharine at night. Henry went to Comstock to get rollers cast.

Jun 20 – Worked in garden. Plowed out gardens. Mr Flanders came down took all the folks up to his house. I carried Katharine home at night.

Jun 21 – Hoed garden. Had a good rain. Went over to burg in Evening. George Travis stayed here all night.

Jun 22 – Cloudy morning. At home. Went in swimming. Warm day. Went over after Nancy.

Jun 23 – Nancy went to Kalamazoo. I went to Comstock after castings. Patty went with me. Henry Nobles married to day at Niles Mich.[80]

Jun 24 – Not much done. Not very well. Henry came over worked on binder. Lucy came up after Hannah and Patty. Hot day Mercury 92 in shade.

Jun 25 – Not very well. No work to day. Jim cultivated Buckwheat ground.

Jun 26 – Not very well. Mr Brown sowed Buckwheat for me. Had a shower in night.

Jun 27 – Carried Sarah over to burg in morning. Jim cultivated corn for Brown. Had a fine shower in afternoon. Dell came after his harvester. Rained in Evening.

Jun 28 – Worked round in shop some. Hoed garden some. Repaired cradle for A. Caywood.

Jun 29 – Fine day. Went down to Winslows Island to a meeting. Patty and Lucy went. Charley Towns[81] Bull screwed a calf into the old Cow so says Jim.

Jun 30 – Hoed some and chored around. Jesse Turner and wife[82] came here stayed all night.

Jul 1 – Hoed in garden some. Jess and Sally went home in afternoon. Went over to burg in Evening bot sack flour 65 cts. Charley Town commenced cutting wheat. Harry Rowland commenced cutting his wheat.

Jul 2 – Some cloudy in morning. Ethan went over to burg. Commenced the step to in and out of Buggy. Painted some.

Jul 3 – Worked round. Put two fingers into A Browns cradle. Went down to novelty shops after castings. Lucy Brot Patty and Hannah up. Will Clark and Lois came.

Jul 4 – I went down after Katharine in morning carried her over to burg. Made boxing and three pins for Jesse Earl.

Jul 5 – Went down to Comstock after twister. Fine day.

Jul 6 – At home. Lois and Will went home. Jim went with them. Had a fine rain in Evening.

Jul 7 – Went to Kalamazoo and Comstock to get castings. Warm day. Folks all cutting wheat. Had a heavy thunder shower in night. Got cabbage plants of H. A. Taylor.[83]

Jul 8 – Went to Kalamazoo after segment. Fine hot day.

Jul 9 – At home. Not much done. Work on binder.

Jul 10 – Worked round shop an garden. Carried Patty down to Marts. Mr Brown cutting wheat. Had a heavy shower.

Jul 11 – Mr Brown finished cutting wheat. Had a shower at noon. I went to Comstock in afternoon got twister cast. Cow gone all night. Carried Sarah over to burg in morning.

Jul 12 – Went over to burg Early in morning after cow, no find her. Went before breakfast, went over again after a while, cow came before I got back. Mr Knap came over. Mr Ralph came down, I Extracted three teeth, he paid fifty cents. Hot day. Ida Barber[84] came over.

Jul 13 – Fine day for harvesting. Davis Stafford came down. Put Binder in opperation.[85] Bound the first bundle of wheat quarter to one P.M. Put six bands around one bundle. Mr Flanders and Mate called here.

Jul 14 – Very hot day. Not much work to day. Lucy Came up just at night after Hannah. Ethan went over to burg in Evening. Mercury 94 in shade. Mr Brown drawed in wheat.

Jul 15 – Very hot morning Mercury 90 in shade in the morning. Picked currants. Mr Knap and Henry came over. Mrs Vradenberg came here stayed all night.

Jul 16 – Hot morning 84 in shade. Went down to Browns got muzle. Mrs Vrandenberg left.

Jul 17 – Plowed out corn an potatoes on hill. Went down to Marts in afternoon.

Jul 18 – Plowed potatoes and corn sout of orchard in forenoon. Went over to burg in afternoon to see Mary and Emmet.[86] They came up to get pictures. Bot two shovel plow shares of W. H. Knapp[87] 80 cts. Jim came home from Lois.

Jul 19 – Hoed some corn on hill. Jim plowed corn. Patty and Kate went to Vicksburg.

Jul 20 – At home all day. Ethan and Henry went down to Marts and Comstock. Hot day.

Jul 21 – Chored round. Hoed some in garden. Jim plowing corn. Very warm day. Willis Oatman and Fred Burrows here in afternoon. Mr Brown cutting oats. Turned some pins for Brown. Claud here just at night. Had a nice rain in night. Mart Milham Sarted his new Engine and Thrasher to day at A. Carletons.[88]

Jul 22 – Rainy morning, a nice rain it is, no wind comes, just right to do good. Lots of wheat out in the shocks. Cut steaks for Tomatoes. Rained in night some Thunder towards morning.

Jul 23 – Some lidle rain in morning. Went over to burg in morning after Mrs Betts. Hoed in garden some.

Jul 24 – Sick all day hard head and back ache. Stafford and Theodore Earl called in in afternoon. Ethan went over to burg. Mrs Betts went home. Rained in morning.

Jul 25 – Fine morning. No work to day. Jim cultivating corn.

Jul 26 – Not much better. I no work to day. Jim work in corn.

Jul 27 – Hank, Will and Jim sarted to go to Lansing to camp meeting. Cars loaded so they could not go. Lucy brot Hannah home in afternoon.

Jul 28 – Fine morning cool not so very hot as it has been.

Jul 29 – Went over to burg in morning got oil and Turpentine. Went over in Evening. Hannah went over to Hanks. I got lumber for steps and board for Nancys lambrequin.[89]

Jul 30 – Went over to burg got lumber plained. Worked on steps some. Very hot.

Jul 31 – Made steps. Sarah and Jim went to Kalamazoo. Bot chairs. Very hot day. Patty and Hellen[90] came home with Sarah and Jim. Mr Olin Came over to see the Binder.

Aug 1 – Very hot. Finished the buggy stand. Jim gone to Comstock.

Aug 2 – Went over to burg in morning after Nancy and Mrs Betts. No work to day. Lucy and Katharine came up here. Louese[91] and Jill Murphy[92] Came on the noon train. Went over at night after trunks, got Jills, no got Loueses trunks some.

Aug 3 – Heavy Thunder shower about four this morning. Lois and Patty went over to Nancys stayed all night.

Aug 4 – Went over to burg after Trunks, no get him. Mrs Flanders, aunt Hannah and Mate[93] here in afternoon. I made plow beam for Charley Town.

Aug 5 – Fine Morning. Not very well not much done.

Aug 6 – Went over to burg at noon. Mrs Storms Died about noon.[94] Went down to Katharines in afternoon stayed all night.

Aug 7 – Went over to Mr Maloneys with Mart saw his Engine and Thrasher. Went to Kalamazoo with Patty and Katharine. They started for Perry[95] went on the one forty train. Fare from K. to B. $11.35 cts. Nelson Blass Barns, sheds and stacks burnt in Evening.

Aug 8 – Went over to burg in morning, carried Hannah over, got Lelah.[96] I went to Kalamazoo got casting to Comstock 75 cts. Carried Lelah here at night. Barnums Show in town to day. Hank, Nancy and Hannah went. Louese and Lill went to Shermans Lake in afternoon with Will Brown and Frank Hubbard.[97]

Aug 9 – Chored round. Painted steps and door.

Aug 10 – At home all day. No one here.

Aug 11 – Went down to Marts got some wheat. Got corn of M. O. Streator. Claud went with me. Went over to burg in Evening. Nancy sick.

Aug 12 – Went to Mill. Nancy came over stayed all day.

Aug 13 – Painted some East side house and steps. Rained some. Jim plowed out potatoes. Ethan worked on moddle for Strait.

Aug 14 – Jim and Bill helping I. D. L. Schram Thrash. R. E. Strait[98] came over to get his big pattern change. Rained some in night. Girls went down to Mr Browns. Stranger called here got hammer to fix buggy spring. Pioneer Pickinic at Schoolcraft to day.

Aug 15 – Cloudy rained some in morning. Thrashing Riddlers wheat on Theodores lot. Martha Knapp Died in the night.[99]

Aug 16 – Worked on patterns altered one Straits big pattern. Went over to burg at noon and Evening. Louese and Jill went up to Jim Milhams.

Aug 17 – Working on pattern some.

Aug 18 – Worked on pattern finished patterns. Alva Burgess Died about noon to day.[100] Jim moving stove.

Aug 19 – Finished moving stove. Working on pattern. Boy from Jackson Called here and fed cow. He was going to Vicksburg.

Aug 20 – Jim gone to Picknic to Sherman Lake. Finished pattern. Alva Burgess buried to day.

Aug 21 – Worked in shop some. Turned some washers for Strait. Ethan and girls went down to Marts, had Browns colts Nip and Tuck.

Aug 22 – Not very well. Sis[101] and lill went over to Mrs Betts. I drawed load wood.

Aug 23 – Went over to Vicks burg stayed with Mr York and Hellen.[102] Found them all well. Nice day.

Aug 24 – Went over to Schoolcraft to Spiritualist meeting. Went back to Hellens stayed all night. Found Memorandum book in buggy when I got back to Vicksburg.

Aug 25 – Left Vicksburg about 3 PM for home got home about sun down all right. Went and saw Ives Foundry. Nice Building.

Aug 26 – Worked round house and garden. Lill Murphy went home to night.

Aug 27 – Went up in woods cut some wood. Fixed fence some. Went over to burg at night brot Mrs Betts over. Very dry.

Aug 28 – Working round some. Mrs Betts and Sarah went down to A Browns. Will carried Mrs Betts home.

Aug 29 – Went up in woods got two loads wood. Steamer Thrashing to towns. Mart Thrashing up to Jims. Ethan and Louese went up there just at night. I went over to burg in Evening. Very warm and dry. Jim helping Town Thrash.

Aug 30 – Jim over to Towns. Mercury 84 in shade at nine A.M. 94 at 2 PM. Allerton thrashing. Mart Thrashing up to Nyes. Gefired hot. Sarah went to Dowagiac[103] on the Through freight about 12 oclock in night.

Aug 31 – At home all day. Jesse Earl came down here after some Tanzy.[104] Very hot day. Davis Stafford came here.

Sep 1 – Commenced topping corn. Commenced to rain quater to three PM some Thunder. Mart Thrashing to Jim Spires.[105] Rained most all night. Ethan went to Kalamazoo in afternoon.

Sep 2 – Raining nicely, rained all day. Carried Bags down to A Browns Thrashing. Went over to burg. Expresed Pocketbook to Newton Hutchings, Wakelee Cass Co Mich. Rained all night.

Sep 3 – Raining nicely. No work to day. Went over to burg in rain after Louese. Stopt raining about Eight in Evening 41 hours rain. Thrashers went up to Earls. Henry went up to Whites to tend mill.

Sep 4 – Pleasant morning. Thrashers at Randalls. Went down to Jacksons[106] to see some hogs. Randall had 140 bus wheat. Went down to Browns got my wheat 12 bushels.

Sep 5 – Pleasant day. Went down to Jacksons got sow $6.00. Topt some corn.

Sep 6 – Topping corn. Cloudy some wind. Mr Knap came over in morning.

Sep 7 – At home all day. No one here. Fine day. Hank and Nancy down to Browns. Nancy had toothache all day and night.

Sep 8 – Nice day. Topping corn. Jim over to burg. Ethan went over to burg. Louese went with him. Sow pigged about 4 four PM had Six pigs.

Sep 9 – Topping Corn. Ethan went over to burg in morning. Mr & Mrs Brown went over and got Lelah going to wean her. Nancy sick. Warm day.

Sep 10 – Topping corn. Warm day.

Sep 11 – Topping corn. Ethan went over to burg. I carried Hannah down to Mr Browns. Paid M. O. Streator for Corn 2.33. Turned seven pins for Mr Streator.

Sep 12 – Bound and set up wheat corn stalks I cut yesterday. Commenced raining half past nine AM.

Sep 13 – Cut corn stalks. Claud and Lelah here. Carried them home.

Sep 14 – At home all day. Sis came over just at night. Ethan and Hannah went around the square up by Powlisons Sharpsteens.

Sep 15 – Pleasant some wind. Topping corn some. Mowers stopt at the corners East of house set up their stoves and got dinner. Two wagons, smart looking folks set table, they went south.

Sep 16 – Went over to burg in morning. Carried over 15 day & 5 Eggs 1.80 ct. Went up in woods cut down tree got load wood.

Sep 17 – Topt corn some. Jule Allen[107] came here stayed all night.

Sep 18 – Went over to burg in morning got Nancy and Loese. Finished topping corn. Mr Terry here to dinner. They all went away at night.

Sep 19 – Cutting wood. Fine day. Drawed two loads wood. Mrs Vrandenberg here. Mrs Forbush and Blake here in afternoon.

Sep 20 – Cut wood in forenoon. Went over to burg after Sarah she no come. Old Cow got choaked. Went down got Mr Brown. Ethan & Hannah went over to burg in Evening. Claud came home with them. Nice weather.

Sep 21 – Pleasant morning. At home all day.

Sep 22 – Fine day. Got some wood. Sarah came home on noon train. Mr William Gilmore Died to day AE. 70 years.[108]

Sep 23 – Went over to burg got load lumber of Strait. Went down to Katharines just at night. Rained when we came home. Saw Mr Huntington he had been down to Perry.

Sep 24 – Pleasant Morning. Went over to burg got lumber roof boards & floorboard. The whole amount 6.59. Hannah went down Mr Browns. Nancy & Louese went also too.

Sep 25 – Worked. Worked on sills. Ethan and Hannah went to Kalamazoo to County Fair.

Sep 26 – Put sills together. Chored around. Rained in night. Done Belas chores. Went over to burg in Evening got oil, bot ½ bushel Peaches. The Philothumpers[109] had a show in burg this Evening. Done B. Wrights[110] chores milked two cows fed five pigs pumpd water for five nine head of cattle & one horse.

Sep 27 – Rainy forenoon. Went over to burg after the girls. Made whiffletree[111] for A. Brown. Punched pan for a steamer for Mrs Brown. Sarah went over and stayed with Jane Hoag.[112] Done Belas chores.

Sep 28 – Rained hard in forenoon. Went over to Janes after Sarah. Went down to Katharines. Katharine got home. Ella Randall Died to day.[113] Done Belas chores.

Sep 29 – Cut and drawed my corn and pumpkins in south lot. Cut the fodder and one swath Buckwheat. Done Belas chores.

Sep 30 – Cut Buckwheat in forenoon. Went to Ella Streators funeral in afternoon. Very pleasant day. Done Belas chores.

Oct 1 – Went over to burg in morning. Drawed cornfodder in forenoon. Cut and set up Buckwheat in afternoon. Ethan and carried Jims Bed over to burg this Evening. Mercury 86 in shade noon. Very hot day.

Oct 2 – Cut Buckwheat and chored round.

Oct 3 – Worked in Buckwheat. Cut and put up some. Ethan and Hannah went down to Marts.

Oct 4 – Finished my Buckwheat. Nice day.

Oct 5 – Very warm morning. At home all day. Mercury 100 at the burg.

Oct 6 – Chored around. Carried two bushels wheat to mill. Bot lamp chimney 1.20. Tamer Ford stayed here all night. Mrs Brown here in Evening.

Oct 7 – Nancy came over this morning. Carried Nancy home in Evening. Mrs Barber[114] and Ida came over.

Oct 8 – Carried Sarah down to Browns. She went to Kalamazoo with Browns folks. Rainy day. Ed Childs folks came here stayed all night. Got timber for sills to Sxxx house.

Oct 9 – Fine morning Mercury 82 in morning in shade. Childs folks went to Plainwell.

Oct 10 – Warm day. Fraimed falce sills to shit house. Mercury 93 in afternoon. Mrs Skinner and Sate[115] came stayed all night. Had a heavy shower in night. Mrs Stevenson Died to night.[116] Mrs Stowell buried to day.[117]

Oct 11 – Very warm day. Work on Privy some. Raised my Shithouse. D. J. Harts Baby died to day.[118] Ambrose, Matilda and Jule here in Evening.

Oct 12 – Mrs Skinner, Sarah and Sate went down to A. Browns. Very hot day uncomen warm. Hank and Nancy went down to Browns. Had showers North and East of us in afternoon. Had a thundershower in night. Rained hard in night.

Oct 13 – Carried Hannah down to Katharines. Dell and Lois came here to dinner. Mrs. Harts baby buried to day.

Oct 14 – Went over to burg got money on order. Not very well. Chored round some.

Oct 15 – Sowed clover and Timothy seed on west lot. Hot day Mercury 84 Abz. Alfleda went to Paw Paw.[119] Mrs Betts came over with sis to stay all night in Pig pen. I am 66 years old to day.

Oct 16 – Turned over Buckwheat got load wood husked some corn.

Oct 17 – Worked on backhouse sided it up. Warm day.

Oct 18 – Put roof boards on college. Rainy some, some cooler.

Oct 19 – Went over to burg after Louese. Nancy and Hank came over. Jim and Louese went down to Katharines.

Oct 20 – Fine pleasant morning. Paid James Jackson Seven Dollars this morning for Sow.

Oct 21 – Drawed Buckwheat. Thrashed some. Jim helped Louese in store. Sarah and Nancy went down to M. O. Streators.

Oct 22 – Thrashed Buckwheat got it all in at night. Hannah went to Mr Simmons in morning.

Oct 23 – Cool some rainy. Mrs Skinner, Sate and Sarah went over to Nancys. Rained snowed and blowed and rained. Finished Thrashing Buckwheat had 10 & one ½ bushels. Mrs Skinner and Sate stayed here all night.

Oct 24 – Cool North East wind. Mrs Skinner and Sate went home to day. Dug potatoes in south lot and some in corn field.

Oct 25 – Went up in woods got load wood. Chored round.

Oct 26 – Went down to Katharines stayed all night. Lucy and Katharine out to Hellens. Hellen is very sick with Typhoid fever.

Oct 27 – Came home from Kates in forenoon. Husked corn in afternoon. Nice weather.

Oct 28 – Husked corn to day. E. R. Strait over here to work on patterns. Some windy. Henry came home to day. Hellen some better this morning.

Oct 29 – Husking corn. Very windy. Mart thrashing clover to to J. Flanders. Henry went up to see Stafford.

Oct 30 – Husking corn put in 30 bushels. Fine day. Went to mill 2 Bushels wheat one and half corn.

Oct 31 – No work to day. Mr Stephen Hall and wife here to day carried them over to Hoags at night. Old Mr Nye Died.[120]

Nov 1 – Carried Louese over to burg in forenoon. Nancy, Louese and the children went up to Skinners[?] on the noon train. Went over to burg in Evening after Jims things. Sawed some wood.

Nov 2 – Snows like fun not very cold. Snow fell 8¾ inches. Henry L. and Hank Brown stayed all night. Hannah went up to Mr Ralphs. Nancy and Louese out to Loises. Old Mr Nye Buried to day.

Nov 3 – Pleasant shiny morning. Not much done. Went up in wood got one load wood.

Nov 4 – Put up stove in shop. Theodore called here. Jim went Kalamazoo with Mr Brown.

Nov 5 – Snows some this morning. Drawed one load wood two loads corn. Ethan casting his moddle castings.

Nov 6 – Pleasant day. Went down to Katharines. All at home. Hellen some better. Louese and Ina came home this morning.

Nov 7 – Husking corn. Nice day.

Nov 8 – Husking corn. Lois and Will came. Finished husking in the lot. Rained in night.

Nov 9 – Cloudy morning not very cold. Mr Browns folks here in Evening. Mrs Emeline Davison and Mrs Corkins[121] came with them.

Nov 10 – Jim and Will husked corn in afternoon for Brown. Killed two pigs in forenoon. Lois and Nancy went down to Katharines. Had a thunder shower in night. Thundered and Ligtened right smart.

Nov 11 – Cloudy and warm. Lois went up to Mr Flanders. Carried Hannah down to J. Gibbenys. Jim husking for Mr Brown. Rained some Mercury 69. Worked in stable. Rainy night warm spring weather.

Nov 12 – Mercury 64 in morning. Rainy morning real spring weather. Ethan and Henry working on moddle. Ethan making pattern for J. C. Blake.

Nov 13 – Dug some potatoes in East garden. Lois and Sally[122] went over to Nancys. Ethan carried Blakes patterns over to foundry. Bot Barn door hook of Bidwell. Mercury 70 Abz.

Nov 14 – Some rainy some thunder some Lighting about four Oclock. Went over to burg in morning. Lois went over stayed with Nancy. Went up in woods. Jim and Will Mercury 64 Abz sawed some wood. I cut down tree. Boys all went over to burg in afternoon to the theater Philometheans.[123]

Nov 15 – Jim went down to Katharines. Chored round.

Nov 16 – At home all day. All well.

Nov 17 – Drawed cornfodder and sweet corn out of west garden. Mary Ann Oscar[124] called here.

Nov 18 – Sawed wood up in woods, sawed up the black oak. Mary Ann came down stayed all night.

Nov 19 – Jim and I sawed up tree in forenoon cut 21 logs or lengths of stove wood. Very Windy day. Mary Ann went up to her Fathers.[125] Henry an Ethan went to burg. Mr Brown drawing corn.

Nov 20 – Drawed two loads wood. Chored around. Went down to Browns in afternoon carried crick bed scythe and sage and various things. Cold windy day. Forty years ago to night I played for a Wedding party at Comstock. D. M. Hall and Matila Newman wer married.[126]

Nov 21 – Cold some snow flying this morning. Working around house and barn. Went over to burg carried over 3 bushels Buckwheat. Took Dinner with Mrs Betts also Tea. Had Oysters for Dinner.

Nov 22 – Went over and got Buckwheat flour in morning. Chored round.

Nov 23 – Carried Jim down to Marts. He is going to school down there. Hank & Nancy called here when they went home in Evening. Hannah went down to Mr Browns in Evening. She is sewing for Jule & Mrs Corkins.

Nov 24 – Worked up in woods in forenoon. Henry and Sarah went over to burg at noon. Hank and Nancy went to Kalamazoo, they had Bill and buggy. High wind South west. Wind South West.

Nov 25 – Worked round cut some wood. Went up to the sawmill got plank to make cross head. Went down to Mr Browns in Evening Mrs Corkins.

Nov 26 – Went down to Browns got bedstead. Drawed two loads wood. Rainy afternoon. Mrs Corkins left for home[127] on Evening train.

Nov 27 – Rainy. Not much done but chores. Boys to work in shop.

Nov 28 – Made cross head for Theodore. Ethan and Henry over to burg. Some windy no snow.

Nov 29 – Worked around house in shop some. Went over to burg in Evening. Brot Nancy, Hannah, Louese and Claud and Lelah. Hank came over on foot. Not very cold, some windy, no snow.

Nov 30 – All at home. Jim came up from Marts. Carried Hanks folks in Evening. Claud took sled home to use a while.

Dec 1 – Very pleasant day sun shines no wind. Choring round. Barber brot his wheel over to get it new rimmed.

Dec 2 – Worked in shop some. Went over to burg, bot lamp chimneys and tin for stovepipe. Not very cold.

Dec 3 – Sawed out felloes[128] for Barbers wheel. Repaired Hugh Aldrich violin. Filed saw for N. L. Randal.[129]

Dec 4 – Cloudy not very cold. Cattle out to pasture. Drawed two loads wood. Boys to work on Binder.

Dec 5 – Fine day sun shone all day. Rimed Barbers wheel. Carried 3 bushels wheat to mill just at night. Hugh Aldrich got his violin 25¢. Seems like spring.

Dec 6 – Worked round shop and house. Not much done.

Dec 7 – Went down to Marts. All well. No snow not very cold.

Dec 8 – Chored round. Carried Hannah Went over to burg after Hannah. Robert Crawford[130] came on noon train.

Dec 9 – Rainy not very cold. Robert, Sarah and I went over to burg at noon took dinner with Mrs Betts. Had a big shower rained all night.

Dec 10 – Rained this morning not quite warm Mercury 58 Abz. Worked on R. E. Straits violin. Carried Hannah over to burg at night brot Sarah home. Robert went to Battlecreek. Henry went up to the Creek to get some Steel to make needle point. Freezing some tonight no snow.

Dec 11 – Put Straits violin together. Nice day for the time of year.

Dec 12 – At home. Drawed wood. Robert came over. Not much done. Nice weather for winter no snow.

Dec 13 – At home. Went over to burg in Evening after Hannah. Jesse W. Turners 80 Eightieth birthday.

Dec 14 – Robert came over in morning stayed until noon. He went over to burg stayed to Nancys all night. Jim and Katharine came up.

Dec 15 – Snowed and blows some like winter. Jim Came home this morning. Went over to burg. Robert left on the one Oclock run he went to Dowagiac.

Dec 16 – Worked round cut some wood drawed some wood. About four inches snow. Hannah went to Mrs Howlets to sewing or to make a woolen Gown.

Dec 17 – Worked round house and shop. Went over to burg just at night after Ethan. Blake made needle for Binder.

Dec 18 – Some sleighing. Ethan went over to burg after needle. I went up in woods cut one load wood. Hannah Came home She went back to Caywoods. Mr Caywood Came and got sewing machine. He no freeze not much some.

Dec 19 – Cut and drawed one load wood. Carried 7½ bushels Buckwheat to Mill. Not very good sleighing. Paid Katharines tax $18.88 cts. Elmer Latell came down and got some Turning done.

Dec 20 – Chored round in forenoon. Went over to mill in afternoon. Saw Quinn Streator and Solomon Kingsley.

Dec 21 – At home all day. Very windy cold East wind. Rain and sleet in Evening, not much snow.

Dec 22 – Sleigh runs verry nicely this morning. Hannah at Caywoods. Henry going to the creek to get goods. Quincy Streator went back to Ohio to day.

Dec 23 – Shelled some corn took it to mill 4 bushels. Sarah went over to burg stayed all day. Went over at night after her. Henry got back from the creek. Very good sleighing. Hannah came home from Caywoods.

Dec 24 – Not very cold, some ice, river very high. Went over to burg in Evening.

Dec 25 – Went At home. Very blustrous. Went over to burg. Went down to Browns. Carried saw home. Jim and I sawed wood in forenoon.

Dec 26 – Cold and blustrous. Went over to burg. Carried boards over to get plainned for panels. Got grist. Mercury 6 Abz.

Dec 27 – Not very cold Mercury 19 Abz ca.

Dec 28 – At home. Jim came up. Louese at home to day.

Dec 29 – Drawed four loads wood. Went over to burg got my boards at Straits.

Dec 30 – Put in knee to Charley Towns bob, he paid 75 cts. Not very cold, not much snow, rather sandy sleighing.

Dec 31 – Snows some. Ethan gone over to burg. Mercury 29 Abz at nine 30 AM

——-

[1] Known better, and referred to, as Luke

[2] Galesburg, Michigan

[3] Edna Alice (Crawford) Allen, the daughter of his wife’s late brother, Edwin, & Mary (Hamilton) Crawford

[4] Neighbors, Ambrose & Matilda (Allen) Brown, who were the parents of his son-in-law, Henry Brown. Matilda’s sister, Julia Allen, who lived with Ambrose & Matilda, was also there

[5] His son-in-law and daughter, Henry & Nancy (Keith) Brown

[6] His mother-in-law, Nancy (Comfort) Crawford Betts

[7] Both the Brown and Keith families were believers in Spiritualism and participated in seances. Chee Chee was Ambrose Brown’s spirit guide

[8] January 1-5 entries were originally written in the back of his 1878 dairy and then copied into his 1879 diary. This phrase, however, was only in his 1878 diary

[9] His daughter, Hannah Keith

[10] FindAGrave.com shows that Lucinda (Curtis) Brown died January 4, 1879 in Warsaw, Wyoming County, New York, and is buried in Wrights Corner Cemetery, Wyoming, New York

[11] His cousin, the son of Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee

[12] His son, Ethan Keith

[13] FindAGrave.com confirms that Phillip Goodrich died January 6, 1879 in Galesburg, Michigan, and is buried in Maple Grove Cemetery, Comstock, Michigan

[14] His youngest son, James Clinton Keith

[15] His wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith

[16] His son-in-law, Adelbert Skinner

[17] Alfleda (Starr) Keith, the widow of his brother, Harvey Keith

[18] Above zero

[19] His sister, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee

[20] His cousin, Orrin Strong Lee, the son of Ezekiel & Elizabeth (Strong) Lee

[21] His grandson, Claude Keith Brown

[22] Hannah was a seamstress so it is thought this was one of the items she used in her sewing

[23] Luke uses this phrase quite often. The Oxford Dictionary gives its meaning as “vigorously or quickly”

[24] Neighbor, Joseph Flanders

[25] His neighbor and “shirttail relative,” Theodore Earl

[26] Neighbor, Marius O. Streator

[27] Mabel Streator was born to Henry “Harry” & Helen (Randall) Streator. Since Helen is the baby’s mother, presume Luke is being funny. Harry Streator was the son of Marius & Laura (Rawson) Streator

[28] Etc.

[29] His son, Henry Lindsey Keith

[30] Neighbor, Amanda (Hobbs) Flanders

[31] FindAGrave.com records show that Almira Fancher, the wife of Jacob Fancher, died January 30, 1879 and is buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[32] FindAGrave.com reveals that Eliza (Beadle) Rogers died February 3, 1879 and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[33] Michigan death records confirm that Ruth (Scarborough) McClary died in Charleston, Michigan on February 5 and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[34] Laura (Rawson) Streator, the wife of Marius O. Streator (see footnote to January 23rd entry)

[35] Neighbor, Edwin P. Flanders, the son of Joseph & Amanda (Hobbs) Flanders

[36] Neighbor, Thomas Clark Ford

[37] Matilda (Allen) Brown (see footnote to January 1st entry)

[38] Mary Tamer Ford, the daughter of neighbors Thomas & Adelia (Tompkins) Ford

[39] FindAGrave.com records show that Volney Hascall died on February 24, 1879 (not the 21st), in Kalamazoo County, Michigan and is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery in Kalamazoo, Michigan

[40] His son-in-law and daughter, Adelbert & Lois (Keith) Clark Skinner

[41] His granddaughter, Ina, the daughter of Adelbert & Lois Skinner

[42] Lucy (Lee) Milham, his niece (Catherine’s daughter by her second husband, George Clinton Lee)

[43] Martin Milham, the husband of his niece, Lucy (Lee) Milham

[44] Neighbor

[45] FindAGrave.com records reveal that Thomas C. Clark died on March 10, 1879 in Kalamazoo County, Michigan, and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[46] The long shaft between which an animal is fastened when pulling a wagon

[47] Jessie “Nettie” Keith was the daughter of his cousin, James “Oscar” & Mary Ann (Batey) Keith. FindAGrave.com shows that she died on March 3 (not the 14th) and is buried in Covert Cemetery, Covert, Michigan

[48] Believe he is referring to his grandson (see footnote to March 18th entry)

[49] Willard C. Batey, the brother of Mary Ann (Batey) Keith (see footnote to March 14th entry)

[50] His grandson, William Byron Clark, the son of his daughter Lois by her first husband, Byron Clark

[51] Michigan death records and FindAGrave.com confirm that Thomas C. Brownell died March 29, 1879 and is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery, Kalamazoo, Michigan

[52] From Luke’s diary entry of 2-28-1863: Mark & Joseph Lee Brot up Aunt Rhodas remains & buried them side of Clinton. (Note: Marquis deLafayette Lee was the grandson and Joseph Warren Lee was the son of Charles Lee & Rhoda Keith. Believe “Clinton” refers to George Clinton Lee, Charles & Rhoda’s son.) George Clinton Lee was buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[53] “Mark” is referred to quite often in Luke’s earlier diaries and it is believed Luke is referring to his cousin, Marquis de Lafayette Lee, the oldest son of Dr. Ezekiel and Elizabeth (Strong) Lee. The Lees were Mormons and moved to Nauvoo, Illinois, and eventually to the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. Mark stayed behind to run his father’s farm and lived with his aunt, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee, until the Spring of 1870 when he moved to Utah

[54] Ambrose & Matilda (Allen) Brown; see footnote to the January 1st entry)

[55] Neighbors, Marius O. Streator, and his wife, Laura (Rawson) Streator; it is believed Cyrus Streator, who lived in Waverly, Michigan, was Marius’ brother

[56] Mary “Polly” (Sprague) Nobles was the first cousin of Luke’s first wife, Jerusha Crittenden. FindAGrave.com confirms that she died April 6, 1879 in Pavilion, Genesee County, New York and is buried in Pavilion Cemetery, Pavilion, New York

[57] Neighbor and “shirttail relative”

[58] No marriage record was found; however, the 1880 census shows Sherman Comings and his wife, Cornelia Comings, living in Comstock, Michigan

[59] Michigan death records show that Alanson Brininstool died April 17, 1879 in Comstock, Michigan; his burial location is unknown

[60] Elizabeth (Strong) Lee was the wife of Dr. Ezekiel Lee, Luke’s first cousin. She actually died in Peoa, Utah, and was the mother of Orrin Lee (see footnote to January 12th entry)

[61] His horse

[62] Tekonsha is located in Calhoun County, Michigan

[63] Michigan death records show that Hiram Wolcott died April 27, 1879 in Climax, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows that he is buried in Boughton Cemetery, Kalamazoo, Michigan

[64] His neighbor, Erasmus Towne

[65] His neighbor, Richard Barber

[66] Ambrose & Matilda Brown’s son, Willis Brown

[67] Michigan death records confirm that Amos Rogers, age 33, died of consumption on May 16, 1879 and FindAGrave.com reveals that he is buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan

[68] Marion Adelpha York, the granddaughter of his sister, Katharine (Keith) Bradley Lee

[69] James Milham was the half-brother of Martin Milham (see footnote for March 2nd entry)

[70] FindAGrave.com confirms that Anna Hurd was buried in the Riverside Cemetery, Kalamazoo, Michigan on May 20, 1879

[71] Michigan death records reveal that Andrus M. Evans died May 21, 1879 in Charleston, Michigan, and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan

[72] FamilySearch.com shows that William Plank died May 2, 1879 [as opposed to May 22] and FindAGrave.com lists his place of burial as Greenwood Cemetery in Grand Rapids, Michigan

[73] Michigan death records reveal that Hepsa Cornell died May 24, 1879 and FindAGrave.com shows that she is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan

[74] Michigan death records reveal that Isabel Lemon died May 24, 1879 in Pavilion, Michigan

[75] Neighbor, Isaac D. L. Schram

[76] Michigan marriage records confirm that John F. Tomlinson married Hattie A. Root in Concord, Jackson County, Michigan on June 4, 1879

[77] His sister, Martha “Patty” (Keith) Sprague

[78] Neighbor, Orrin D. Schram. Orrin was the father of Isaac D. L. Schram (see footnote for May 28th entry)

[79] Neighbor, John Quincy Streator, the son of Marius O. Streator

[80] Michigan marriage records show that Henry Nobles married Katie B. Nickhane on June 23, 1879 in Niles, Michigan

[81] Neighbor, Charles Towne; his daughter Hannah’s future husband

[82] Jesse & Sarah “Sally” (Davis) Turner; Luke and Jesse were maternal first cousins

[83] Neighbor, Hannibal “Hat” A. Taylor

[84] Daughter of neighbors, Richard & Mary (Knowles) Barber

[85] For more about the binder see my blog post at https://lettersfromthe1860s.wordpress.com/2018/11/15/ethan-keith-inventor

[86] Mary (Hamilton) Crawford and her son, Emmett Patrick Crawford, the wife and son of the late Edwin Crawford who was the brother of Luke’s wife, Sarah

[87] Neighbor, William H. Knapp

[88] Neighbor, Albert Carlton

[89] A short piece of decorative drapery hung over the top of a door or window or draped from a shelf or mantelpiece

[90] Believe this to be Helen (Bradley) York, the daughter of Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee, and niece of Martha “Patty” (Keith) Sprague

[91] His daughter, Louese Keith; she had been living in Chicago with her uncle and aunt, Hiram & Katherine (Atcheson) Crawford, while attending school there

[92] Assume she was Louese’s friend from Chicago

[93] Amanda (Hobbs) Flanders; her husband Joseph’s sister, Hannah (Flanders) Wilmarth; uncertain as to Mate Flanders’ identity

[94] Michigan death records show that Alice (Hughes) Storms died at the age of 32 on August 6, 1879 in Comstock, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Prairieville Cemetery in Prairieville, Michigan

[95] Perry, Wyoming County, New York; his sister Patty’s daughter and son-in-law, Marion (Sprague) & George Tomlinson, lived in Perry

[96] His granddaughter, Lela Brown, Nancy & Henry Brown’s daughter who was almost one year old

[97] Neighbor, the son of Albert & Margaret (Jackson) Hubbard

[98] Neighbor, Ransom E. Strait

[99] Michigan death records indicate that Martha (Knapp) Perry, age 24, died of Typhoid Fever on August 15, 1879

[100] Michigan death records, the 1880 Census Mortality Schedule and FindAGrave.com show that Alvah/Elva Burgess, age 23, died of consumption on August 18, 1879 and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[101] Nickname for his daughter, Louese Keith

[102] Joseph & Helen (Bradley) York; Helen was the daughter of Luke’s sister, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee

[103] Dowagiac, Michigan, where the family of Sarah’s late brother, Edwin Crawford, lived

[104]perennial flowering plant of the aster family. Tansy was used to treat intestinal worms, rheumatism, digestive problems, fevers, sores, and to bring out measles

[105] Neighbor, James Spier

[106] Believe he is referring to his neighbor, James Jackson

[107] Julia Allen, Matilda (Allen) Brown’s sister

[108] The 1880 Federal Census Mortality Schedule confirms that William Gilmore, aged 70, died in New York in September 1879 and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Pavilion Cemetery, Pavilion, New York, although it shows the date of death as 1878

[109] Believe he is referring to Bible lovers

[110] Neighbor, Bela Wright

[111] The pivoted horizontal crossbar to which the harness traces of a draft animal are attached and which is in turn attached to a vehicle or an implement

[112] Neighbor, Sarah Jane (Mason) Hoag

[113] The 1880 Federal Census Mortality Schedule confirms that Helen “Ella” (Randall) Streator, age 25, wife of Henry “Harry” Streator (see footnote to January 29th entry), died of consumption on September 28, 1879 and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[114] Mary (Knowles) Barber

[115] Adelbert Skinner’s (see footnote to January 16th entry) mother and sister, Sarah (Knight) Skinner and Sarah “Sate” Skinner

[116] Michigan death records show that Julietta Stephenson, age 37, died in Comstock, Michigan on October 10, 1879; however no other information concerning her was found at this time

[117] Michigan death records show that Mary Stowell, age 58, died of heart disease in Comstock on October 8, 1879; no other information was found

[118] Michigan death records show that Frances Bell Hart, age 7 months, died in Richmond, Michigan, on October 11, 1879, and FindAGrave.com shows that she is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. J. Hart and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan

[119] Paw Paw, Michigan, where Alfleda’s (see footnote to January 10th entry) daughter Frances Catherine “Kate” (Keith) Chaffee’s family lived

[120] Michigan death records shows that Jonathan Nye died October 31, 1879 in Charleston, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows that he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan

[121] Believe this is actually Mary (Allen) Calkins, Matilda (Allen) Brown’s sister. She is also mentioned on November 23, 25 & 26

[122] Assume he is referring to his wife, Sarah. Their marriage license lists her name as Sally

[123] The Philomathean Society was founded in 1813 “for the advancement of learning” and appears to have been a sort of debate society. Perhaps this is what Luke was referring to

[124] His nephew and his wife, James “Oscar” & Mary Ann (Batey) Keith

[125] John Batey, who lived in Pavilion, Michigan

[126] Luke made the following entry in his 1839 Ledger/Diary: “November the 20 1839 Attended A party at Cumstock or A wedding rather.” Results from a search of Ancestry.com shows a family tree (Lisa Grace Warren Family Tree) wherein Daniel Mason Hall (1816-1891) married Matilda D. Newman (1820-1908) about 1840

[127] The 1880 census shows she was living in Wysox, Carroll County, Illinois

[128] Felloe or felly – rim, or segment of the rim, of a spoked wheel

[129] Neighbor, Nathan L. Randall

[130] His wife’s brother

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Luke Keith’s 1878 Diary

1878 DIARY OF CHARLES LUKE KEITH JR.[1]

Jan 1 – Went over to burg[2] after Hannah.[3] Henry[4] came down went over got Nancy.[5] Jim[6] went over got Hank[7] at night. All here to supper. Davis Stafford and Mr Giddings called here.

Jan 2 – Drawed 4 loads wood. Carried Hannah down to Caywoods in morning. Ed Phelps buried to day.[8] Cold day, no snow.

Jan 3 – Pleasant clear morning, mercury 14 Abz[9] in morning. Went over to burg[10] in forenoon with M. O. Streator.[11] Bot two Diarys 40¢ one for Ethan.[12]

Jan 4 – Went to Comstock[13] to mill carried 4 bushels corn, two bushels wheat, two of Buckwheat. Snowed quite hard. Mr Barton[14] thrashed some wheat. Harry Streator[15] drawed load wood.

Jan 5 – Mr Barton thrashing. Mercury 12 Abz at noon. Worked in shop some. Put sills together. Some snow. Mr Burgess little boy buried to day.[16] Went over to burg got Katharines[17] carpet 7.85.

Jan 6 – Snows like fun[18] this morning. At home all day. Charley Whiting[19] got Ernests[20] cutter.

Jan 7 – Mr Barber[21] finished thrashing had Eight bushels wheat. Went up to Foundry in afternoon.

Jan 8 – Cleaned out Barn and chored round. Fastened[?] up north cellar windows. Spect Ida Allerton was married to day[22] dont know sartin.[23]

Jan 9 – Not very cold mercury 31 Abz at ten AM. Some sleighing. Dell and Lois[24] called here on their way to _____. Rained some.

Jan 10 – No sleighing, not very cold. Not very well. No work to day.

Jan 11 – No work, hard cold. Not much done, at home all day.

Jan 12 – Went over to burg in morning. Hannah and Mrs Betts[25] went over. Claud[26] came over with us. Mrs Betts stayed. Went down to Katharines just at night. Carried her carpet down. Stayed all night.

Jan 13 – At Katharines stayed all day. Came home at night. Snowed hard. Not very cold. Very good wheeling. Not much mud.

Jan 14 – Went over to burg in morning after Mrs Betts. Not much snow, not very cold. Sarah[27] went over to Hanks in Evening with Browns folks.[28] Mrs McKinney[29] there.

Jan 15 – Worked on boddy some. Not verry cold. Barber drawed some manure. Put one side on boddy.

Jan 16 – Worked in shop on boddy put sides on.

Jan 17 – Went to Comstock to mill carried 3 bushels wheat. Got my Buckwheat flour. Come back by Kates. Got some fresh meat. Dell and Lois came stayed all night. Fine day.

Jan 18 – Fine day. Not much done to day. Skinners[30] went home. Carried Sarah over to burg at night. Very pleasant day no snow.

Jan 19 – Worked in shop on Simmons buggy boddy. Not verry well. Carried Mrs Betts over to burg in Evening. Not very cold. Rained in night. Mercury 48 Abz. Stopt milking the cow.

Jan 20 – Rainy, Mercury 38 Abz in morning. Muddy as the Devil not verry deep however. Went over to burg took Hannah over got Sarah and Mrs Betts. Rainy night.

Jan 21 – Rainy morning. Jim commenced going to School to _____ at the burg. Carried Hannah machine over to burg. Paid N. L. Randal[31] two Dollars for order.

Jan 22 – Worked in shop. Put seat bottom together. Not very well. Snows some. Not very well. Went down to Browns. Got some Hogs heads &c.[32]

Jan 23 – XX Carried Mrs Betts over to burg. No get some money. No work in shop much. Filed saw for Jo Flanders.[33] He brot some beef down. Freight train broke into on Prairie just at night.

Jan 24 – Worked on seat. Put the flare on seat bottom. Very pleasant day. Not very well now a days.

Jan 25 – Worked in shop some on Henrys thill.[34] Allen Simmons called here to see his buggy boddy. Bot shelf to stove pipe. Gave two bushels corn for it. Nice day, no snow.

Jan 26 – Put thills together. Fine day. Browns folks and Arthur Arms and wife,[35] Hank and Nancy all here in Evening. Josefine Whiting died in night at 12 oclock.[36]

Jan 27 – At home all day. Mr Barber and Ida[37] came over. Brot Mrs Betts home. Henry came down.

Jan 28 – Nice day. Carried Sarah and Mrs Betts over to burg. Henry came down brot money from Frank sent for belts. Josefine Whiting brot in from Chicago and buried.

Jan 29 – Worked in shop. Finished Henrys thill.

Jan 30 – Mercury 27 Abz. Very cold windy day. Worked on seat. No snow on ground. Hard on wheat.

Jan 31 – Worked in shop on boddy. Fine day. Snowy day.

Feb 1 – Went over to burg after money no get it. Worked in shop on buggy boddy.

Feb 2 – Went over and moved Hank into Schroeders house. Received of Township Treasurer 56 fifty six Dollars. Paid Minnie Randall 40 forty Dollars.

Feb 3 – At home all day. Mrs Betts went over to burg with Harry Streator. Mart, Lucy[38] and Jo York[39] came up after Hannah. Mercury 6 below zero.

Feb 4 – Mercury 10 below zero in morning. Filed saw for Erve Hall.[40] Went over to burg in afternoon.

Feb 5 – Drawed one load wood. Mr someboddy put shelf on Nancys stove.

Feb 6 – Worked in shop some. Made jacks for Simmons buggy. Charley Howlet called here from Perry.[41] Said the folks wer all well.

Feb 7 – Worked in shop some. Not very cold.

Feb 8 – Went to Comstock to mill. Carried 4 bushels buckwheat. Snowed like fun afternoon and Evening. Barbers folks[42] over here.

Feb 9 – Blustrous day. Sawed and drawed two loads wood. Hank and Nancy came over stayed all night. Dick Lamkins came down left his violin.

Feb 10 – Cold. Henry called here. He went up to Jo Flanders.[43] Ethan went over to Nancys.

Feb 11 – Worked on buggy pole for Will Brown.[44] Not very cold mercury at zero.

Feb 12 – Worked in shop some on pole. Dick Lamkin got his violin. Went down to A. Browns in afternoon. Some Snow. Folks draw some logs. Mrs Jane Sunderland died to day.[45]

Feb 13 – Fine morning mercury 28 A. Carried Sarah over to burg. Carried Alfleda[46] down to Browns. Worked in shop some. Had Ernests cutter. Ernest had my sleigh to go to Kalamazoo.

Feb 14 – Finished Simmons box to day. Not much sleighing. Filed saw for N. L. Randall. Hung ax for Ernest Whiting. Mrs Jane Sunderland was buried to day at Waukegan Illinois.

Feb 15 – Worked on my wheels. Put the bolt through the floor to hold wheels down. Mrs Sam Kingsley buried to day.[47]

Feb 16 – Went down to browns. Ground axes. Went up in woods sawed some wood. Mrs Betts went over to burg with Sarah Dunning. M O Streator and wife[48] here in Evening. Ethan came home.

Feb 17 – At home. Rain some snow some. Not very cold. No sleighing. Mart and Lucy called here in Evening on their way home from Jims and Puts.

Feb 18 – Went over to burg in morning after oil and paint for Simmons. Hung ax for E Whiting. Got hogs head and shoulder of Whiting. Went down to A Browns in Evening. Saw Skinner at burg.

Feb 19 – H. A. Taylor[49] came down here in morning. Hat and Lib[50] came down in afternoon. Jo York brot Hannah home. Painted buggy boddy.

Feb 20 – Jo went down to Katharines. Went over to burg. Hannah went over to Nancys. Painted buggy box over. Nigger concert at the Methods Epikettle Church this Evening.

Feb 21 – Rainy day. Not much done. Fixed new fiddle some. To paid T C Ford[51] $16 sixteen Dollars. Rained all night. Hank Johnson called here just at night. Rain. Wm Aldrich little Boy buried.[52]

Feb 22 – Rainy morning. Hank Johnson called her at night. Worked in shop some.

Feb 23 – Drawed three loads wood. Not very cold.

Feb 24 – At home all day. Henry came down. Hannah went down to Jacksons.

Feb 25 – Snowed some. Nancy and Claud came over stayed all day.

Feb 26 – Worked in shop on wheels. Fine day.

Feb 27 – Fine day. Finished my wheels. Eugene[53] came to Hanks.

Feb 28 – Very fine day. Went down to Comstock after my grist. Me no get him. Edna[54] came on noon train. Eugene came over with me. Sarah and hannah went over to burg.

Mar 1 – Went over to burg after the girls Nancy, Hannah and Edna. Drawed one load straw to Browns one for myself. Fine day. Ernest got my wagon to go to Kalamazoo with some beef.

Mar 2 – Carried Nancy home. Edna Crawford went home. Chored round all day. Mr Perry Cornell died to day.

Mar 3 – At home all day. Eugene here. All well. Claud went home. Will Brown carried him over. Mr Cornell buried to day.

Mar 4 – Eugene went to day. Ethan went over to burg with him. I choped all day. Fine pleasant day. Rev. Russell Tomlinson of Plymouth Mass Died to day.[55]

Mar 5 – Drawed some wood. Sarah went up in woods.

Mar 6 – Sawed wood in forenoon. Very fine day. Made blocks for Theodore at noon. Rained in afternoon.

Mar 7 – Chopt wood. Cut down black oak. Fine day.

Mar 8 – Carried Sarah and Mrs Betts over to burg. Barber came over. We pulled up the currant bushes. Warm day. Jim went down to Katharines.

Mar 9 – Mercury 74 Abz at noon. Worked in hogpen. Warm day. Went down to Browns at noon got butter and milk. Mart and Lucy came up got some pictures. Ida Barber came over stayed all night. Lucy stayed.

Mar 10 – At home 66 Abz. Lucy and Ida here. Alvin and Ida Lee[56] here. Went over to burg at night after Sarah and Mrs Betts. Ida went home. Rained like fun.

Mar 11 – ____ cut currant bushes in fore noon. Carried Lucy and Hannah over to burg at noon. Verry warm day.

Mar 12 – Worked round. Drawed apple brush out of the orchard. Ethan put up wind mill.

Mar 13 – Went up to Jo Flanders after currant and raspberry bushes. Took dinner at Flanders. Rained some. Ernest got his buggy. Left Skeleton buggy and took my watch.

Mar 14 – Worked round garden. Set currant bushes. Worked in shop some on wheelbarrow. Claud came over helped set currant brush.

Mar 15 – Worked in shop some. Went over to burg up in woods. Drawed some wood. Filed saw for Ernest.

Mar 16 – Made fence around west garden. Some misty. Mrs Ralph[57] here all day. Ernest got his Skeleton. Bot 21 lbs Soap grease of Whiting.

Mar 17 – Cloudy morning. Henry here. Hank Brown came over just at night.

Mar 18 – Drawed some wood. Chored round. Worked in shop some. Browns folks here in Evening.

Mar 19 – Trimed appletrees. Fine day. Had a big time at the burg red Ribbon gathering.

Mar 20 – Fine. Pleasant morning. Drawed brush out orchard[?]. Rained some in night.

Mar 21 – Shelled some corn. Turned cloths stick for Nancy. Libby and Emma Allen[58] here to day. They went up to Jim Milhams[59] at night.

Mar 22 – Cloudy morning. Went up to Henrys to mill. Ethan and Claud went. Carried five bushels corn. Very fine day. Jim went down to Howlets schoolhouse to hear Mr Ross read.

Mar 23 – Went over to burg after Nancy. Mrs Betts went over with me. Went to Comstock after my Buckwheat. Fine day. Lois and Will came. Henry came down stayed all night.

Mar 24 – Will carried Mrs Betts over to church. Cold day some snow flying. Henry went up to Mr Flanders. Jim and Will went down to A Browns. Jim got Kicked by a colt.

Mar 25 – Cold morning. Chored round. Allen Simmons brot wheels here to have boxes set. Lois and Will here. Made over Fathers[60] old Jack plane.

Mar 26 – Went over to burg in morning. Got rimmer. Set boxes in wheels. Night Express off the track between Galesburg and Kalamazoo.

Mar 27 – Went over. Carried rimmer home. Got Nancy and Claud. Simmons got wheels. Carried our folks down to A Browns. Warm day. Pulled grubbs some in afternoon west of garden.

Mar 28 – Snowed like fun. Not much done. Lois went over to Nancys at noon. Will went up to Harts. Miner Bellringers in galesburg to night. Blocked out axhelves.

Mar 29 – Worked in shop some. Pulled grubs west of garden. Broke whiffletrees.[61] Sarah went to burg. Lois and Will came back. The publicans caucus to day.

Mar 30 – James went down to Browns got his team. Rolled west lot. Finished pulling grubs in west lot. Democratic caucus to day. Snowed like fun in afternoon.

Mar 31 – At home all day. Lois and Will went home. Not very cold. Isaac Hizer came down to see about trading buggy for watch.

Apr 1 – Went over to burg in afternoon to town meeting. Mrs Betts went over. Fine day. Hannah went down to A. Browns.

Apr 2 – Made soap in forenoon. Burnt brush in afternoon. Very nice day. Went up to mill. Got load bark.

Apr 3 – Pleasant morning. Made soap in forenoon. Chored round in afternoon. Went up to mill. Put in guide. Got some posts. Fine day.

Apr 4 – Worked round. Went up to mill. Put in guide. Got some posts. Went down to Katharines.

Apr 5 – Mended Browns drag. Jo York, Hellen[62] and Katharine came up here. Very fine day. Perry A Pier died this Friday night.

Apr 6 – Went over to burg in morning. Got two 2/” Dollars for Alfleda four 4/” for Sarah. Doc Burrows paid me $19.50¢ for county order. Went over to burg at noon. Alfleda went to Waverly. Sarah and Mrs Betts went over to burg.

Apr 7 – Fine day. Carried Claud home just at night. Mrs Nancy B. Betts of Galesburg came home with me. Rev Platt Betts Lady formaly of Omro Wisconsin.[63]

Apr 8 – Pleasant morning. Made guides for Theodore[64] in morning. Went down to M O. Streators got four bushels wheat paid him ten Dollars. Rained in night.

Apr 9 – Rainy morning. Went to Comstock to mill. Rained. Carried four 4 bushels wheat 5½ five and half corn.

Apr 10 – Drawed brush in west lot. Hannah and Nancy came over in morning. Mrs Brown and Jule[65] came up here. Got Whiffletrees mended. Nell Tomlinson married to day.[66]

Apr 11 – Worked round yard and garden. Carried Nancy home at night. Extracted two teeth for Mr George Ralph he paid me two one Dollar.

Apr 12 – Killed my pigs. A Brown helped me. Fine day. Cut up the pigs. Will Wagner here. Jim and Abby had a flare up.

Apr 13 – Went over to burg in morning. Carried Hanks barrels over. Made some soap. Salted my pork. Went over to burg in Evening after Hank and Nancy. They came over stayed all night.

Apr 14 – Hank and Nancy here. Henry came down. I carried Hannah down to Katharines in afternoon. Rained all the while I was gone. Carried Nancy and Claud home in Evening.

Apr 15 – Got out manure. Very fine day. G. A. Lockhart and Will started for Kansas. Lou Bristol[67] went with them. Mrs Randal and Mrs Wagner here in Evening.

Apr 16 – Got out manure. Nice day. Mrs Wagner went home. Mr Browns folks went over to burg in Evening. Jim went over after medicine.

Apr 17 – Pleasant day. Mr Daniels called here to see Ethan. Finished getting our manure. Mr C. S. Haskins brot trees and Raspberries paid him $1.65.

Apr 18 – Set out trees. Barber came over. We plowed gardens. Warm day. Mrs Forbush and Mrs Blake came over here in afternoon.

Apr 19 – Worked round garden. Set out rasberry bushes.

Apr 20 – Cleaned out yard. Cultivated garden. Dug out Elder roots. Mercury 85 Abz 80 Abz.

Apr 21 – Carried Mrs Betts over to burg. Warm morning. Went down to Katharines in afternoon. Nancy here. Hank and Claud went up to Armes.

Apr 22 – Cloudy looks like rain. Jim plowed in forenoon. Rained in afternoon. No plow.

Apr 23 – Rainy. Went over to burg in morning. Bot springs for wagon seat 2.25. Bot oil and lead 65¢. Bot one bottle Kenady 1.25. Warm.

Apr 24 – Warm. Some rain. Worked round. Painted wheelbarrow. Rany.

Apr 25 – Worked in shop some. Tinkered round house and garden.

Apr 26 – Not much done to day. Worked round choring &c. Wet.

Apr 27 – Some rainy. Drawed out Buckwheat straw. Put it on hill South East of barn.

Apr 28 – Cloudy and some rainy. At Home all day. No one here. All well as usual. No bellyache. All able to eat Heggs[?] &c.

Apr 29 – Charles Lee[68] and Alvin came up in morning. Extracted tooth for Charles. Alvin got one helve. Jim got Tom Brown and plows in forenoon. Brown planted potatoes down North.

Apr 30 – Went down to Charles Lees got 4½ bushels potatoes ½ bushel beets ½ bushel turnips. Got some sage roots of old Mrs King. Dick Barber got two bushels corn he paid one Dollar. Will Brown got Eight bushels corn.

May 1 – Very pleasant morning. Worked round house and garden.

May 2 – Dragged garden west side house. Seeded croquet ground and draged it. Harry Streator and Hellen Randall married this Evening.[69]

May 3 – Planted some potatoes. Henry and Davis Stafford called here. Some rain. Hannah and Katharine came up. Barber plowed some.

May 4 – George plowing some. Planted potatoes up south. No rain to day. Claud and Nancy here. Hank came over. They went down to Mr Browns. Henry came down stayed all night.

May 5 – Henry here to day. I carried Katharine home in afternoon. Cool wind. Carried Mrs Betts over to burg in morning.

May 6 – Dug out five stumps south of barn. Barber plowed. Cow calved in night.

May 7 – Chored round. Burnt cornstalks out by barn. Barber plowing. Rain some. Jim went to work for Mr Streator.

May 8 – Rainy morning some thunder. Filled up stump holes South of Barn. Sarah went over to burg with Barber. Claud here. He came over with me in morning.

May 9 – Work round. Split up oak timber. The jobs let to day to fill up north sluice this side river and build bridge across mill brook by Jesse Earls.[70] McLewis builds bridge $153.00. Wm Aldrich fills sluice $16.50 (16.50).

May 10 – Put heads in mawl. George Ives called here. Went up in woods cut some wood. Barber finished plowing. Fine day. Hannah went up to T Fords stayed all night.

May 11 – Frost this morning. Cut some wood drawed two loads. Mrs Betts went over to burg with Doc Wightman[71] in afternoon. Tamer[72] carried Hannah over to Nancys.

May 12 – At home all day. Went over to burg at night after Hannah and Mrs Betts. Browns folks here in Evening. Frost this morning.

May 13 – Frost this morning. Hoed in garden some. Barber draging. Cool day. Mrs Wightman[73] here. Ida Wing came up after Hannah.

May 14 – Chored round in forenoon. Barber draging. Went to Mr Simmons raising in afternoon. He raised a big barn.

May 15 – Chored round. Worked in garden and shop some. Sarah and Mrs Betts went down to Mr Browns.

May 16 – Marked corn ground East of house. Jim came home from Streators. Barber planted corn. Went up to Foundry to see waterwheel.

May 17 – Finished marking corn ground and planted East of house. Barber finished planting. Carried Nancy and Claud home.

May 18 – Went to Kalamazoo to attend a Greenback Convention.[74] Fine day. Rained in Evening. Rainy night.

May 19 – At home. No one here. Some rainy. Hank came over in afternoon.

May 20 – Marked Jims corn ground and planted it. Made calf yard. Hoed strawberries and currant bushes.

May 21 – Worked round hoed some and tinkered round generaly.

May 22 – Repaired wheel. Put in two felloes and set tire.

May 23 – Went up in woods. Sawed some wood. Hoed corn and beans. Jim Ralph brot his buggy down. Worked on that some. Bot suspenders 50¢. Gloves 1.35.

May 24 – Drawed 3 three loads wood. Finished Ralphs spring bar. Painted windmill. Mr Brown got some cabbage plants.

May 25 – Hoed in garden some. Went over to burg. Received twenty 21 one Dollars of Township Treas. Hannah came home. Nancy came over stayed all night.

May 26 – Pleasant. Hank and Nancy went down to Browns.

May 27 – Went up on hill got load sand. Went over to burg. Got lime and hair.[75] Mrs Betts went over to burg.

May 28 – Went over to burg. Got link twister made. Mrs betts came home. Sarah went over. Claud came home with me. Went over at night. Brown plowing south lot.

May 29 – Went over to burg after chain and link twister 30¢. Rained hard. Not well.

May 30 – Sick. Hard cold. No work to day.

May 31 – Shelled lot corn. Went over to burg. Got link hook made. Went down to Browns. Got some wheat 64 and 72 bags in all.

Jun 1 – Fine morning. Went to Comstock to mill 5½ corn 2 Wheat. Mr Brown finished plowing west lot. Went over to burg at night. Took Hank, Hannah & Claud over.

Jun 2 – Cloudy look like rain. At home all day. Not very well. Hard cold.

Jun 3 – Sick. Not much done. Jim plastered corn. Eugene went home on night Express Eugene came on

Jun 4 – Jim cultivated corn. Made new side piece to cultivator. Eugene went home on night Expr. Henry and Davis called. Ethan sent moddle to Washington. Claud went to Coggins to party.

Jun 5 – Hoed some. Plastered corn in garden. Douglass drawed logs for Henry. Mr Brown sowed Hungarian grass. Mrs Skinner and Mr Smiths folks went up to Mr Flanders.

Jun 6 – Worked round house and garden. Went down to Browns got buggy. Went over to burg in Evening.

Jun 7 – Went out to Skinners. Rained some. Found them well. Sarah sick. To paid Susan Giddings $5 five Dollars.

Jun 8 – Dell and I went up to Marshall.[76] I saw the Cleveland wheel. Rainy day.

Jun 9 – Dell and I went over to Whites station and Ceresco.[77] Saw lots of big wheat. Lois and I went over to Mr Coles just at night.

Jun 10 – Traded watch and wheel for buggy. Started for home. Sarah went on cars from Ceresco to Galesburg. I came with the buggys. Got home about 4 oclock. Sarah stayed to burg. Mrs Deyo buried to day.[78]

Jun 11 – Went over to burg after Sarah in morning. Worked in garden some.

Jun 12 – Went over to burg. Got Harness repaired 1.20¢. Hoed some.

Jun 13 – Cultivated corn East of house. Hannah came home.

Jun 14 – Finished cultivating corn. Hoed. Jim put plaster on his corn. He paid Abby Jackson 16 sixteen Dollars.

Jun 15 – Sick. No work. Pedler here to dinner. Lois, Will and Ina[79] came out brot 2 pigs. Mrs Ford, Mrs Perry and daughter called here. Had a fine shower. Warm night.

Jun 16 – Fine morning. Mercury 75 Abz. Lois and Will here.

Jun 17 – Stephen Daken died to day.[80] Hoed corn some. Lois and Will went home. Took calf and wheels.

Jun 18 – Painted buggys. Hoed some corn. Barber cultivating.

Jun 19 – Painted buggy. Stephen Daken buried to day. Mr Browns cousin George Wells[81] here.

Jun 20 – Rainy morning. Worked on buggys.

Jun 21 – Finished varnishing buggy. Rainy day. Put pigs in yard. Harry Streator got hurt. Fell from a tree. Cow went to Bull.

Jun 22 – Rainy morning. Mrs Betts sic. Went over to burg in morning. Old Mrs Beakes[82] Died this morning. Nancy came over.

Jun 23 – Ida Wing came here brot Hannahs things. Hank and Nancy here. Henry came down got violin. Will Brown got his buggy. Nice day. Mrs Betts sick yet.

Jun 24 – Fine morning. Jim gone down to Mr Kings to work. Mr Wells started for home, Mr Browns cousin.

Jun 25 – Mowed grass along the fence up to the woods. Hoed some corn. Went up to mill with Mr Flanders. Saw Mr Cleveland. Went over to burg in Evening. Got Tea from New York.

Jun 26 – Cloudy morning. Hoed some. Ridler got. Went to Kalamazoo in afternoon with Jim. He went down to get some cloths.

Jun 27 – Worked round. Hoed some corn. Barber Sowed Buckwheat. Very hot day 90 in shade. Ethan oiled harness.

Jun 28 – Went up in woods. Got poles to poll beans. Drawed down hay up towards the woods. Mercury 94 in shade.

Jun 29 – Mercury 99 in shade noon. Finished hoing East of house. Ethan went to Mill. Hannah went over to Nancys. George and Marion[83] came on noon train.

Jun 30 – George and Marion here. Carried George down to Katharines. He goes to Chicago. Mrs Barnum died.[84]

Jul 1 – Put Poison on potatoes. Plowed some corn hoed some potatoes. Rained in night. Marion here.

Jul 2 – Rainy morning. Went down to M O. Streator got Six bushels wheat. Shelled some corn. Mrs Barnum buried.

Jul 3 – Rainy. Went to Comstock to mill 4 bushels wheat 8 corn.

Jul 4 – Plowed and hoed corn. Worked round garden. Marion here. Had no doings to Galesburg. Jim and Ethan went to Kalama[zoo].

Jul 5 – Finished plowing corn in East lot. Went up to Henrys mill with Marion. Charley Town[85] cutting wheat.

Jul 6 – Worked round. Went down to Browns in morning got some peas. Old Mrs Lord Died.[86] Carried Marion down to Katharines in afternoon.

Jul 7 – Rainy morning. Mrs Lord buried to day. Henry Rogers called here a while.

Jul 8 – Put Parris Green on potatoes. Had a heavy shower. Lou Burgess drove into Barn. Went over to burg in Evening.

Jul 9 – Mercury 94 at noon. Ethan took Hannah over to burg. Hoed corn and potatoes on hill. Bela Wright cutting wheat. Had a wind storm in night. Wm Blake started his self Binder.

Jul 10 – Hoed some in East end of corn. Put poison on potatoes.

Jul 11 – Went over to burg in fore noon. Ethan and Hannah went down to Katharines. Mrs Lydia barber[87] here to dinner.

Jul 12 – Went down to Katharines. Very hot day. Marion here.

Jul 13 – Marion goes to Vicksburg. Plowed out corn and potatoes on hill. Carried Sarah and Mrs Betts over to burg. Tamer Ford here. Ethan went over to burg after the whimmen. Charley Baker called here in Evening.

Jul 14 – At home all day. Ethan and Hannah went over to burg just at night. Hot day. Blake cutting wheat with the Gordon binder.

Jul 15 – Cloudy morning. Finished plowing Jims corn. Plowed some of mine.

Jul 16 – Mercury 98 100. Hoed in garden in forenoon. Had a heavy thunder shower in afternoon. Rained very hard blowed corn down.

Jul 17 – Mercury 98. Spliced my old violin bow made two rings. Barber came over. Hannah went over to Nancys at night.

Jul 18 – Hoed some. Very hot day. Wright drawing wheat. Went down to A Browns got some peas. Jule not much better. Made ring. Went over to burg.

Jul 19 – Mercury 96. Hoed corn in south lot on hill. Went over to burg took over butter and Eggs.

Jul 20 – Hoed corn on hill. Very hot day. Albert Warren called here to see about getting a leg repaired.

Jul 21 – Cool wind. Went down to Katharines after some vinegar. Went up to mill. Saw new waterwheel run. Went by burg took Hannah home.

Jul 22 – Chored round in forenoon. Worked on Albert Warrens leg. Warren here to supper. Mercury 84.

Jul 23 – Finished Warrens peg leg in forenoon. Not very hot 86 in shade at noon.

Jul 24 – Big show at Kalamazoo. Hank Brown and Hannah had Bill[88] and buggy to go to Kalamazoo to show. Mrs Betts went over to burg.

Jul 25 – Hoed corn all day, finished. Sarah, Mrs Betts and Alfleda went down to Browns. Hot day. Put in cradle finger for Mark Simmons. Rained aall night.

Jul 26 – Rainy morning. Cleared off in afternoon. Went over to burg bot cloth for overhalls. Got big Pictures of Sarah and Luke.[89]

Jul 27 – Pleasant morning. Mercury 79. Plowed out potatoes and corn on hill. Ethan and Henry went down to Katharines. Hannah and Claude came over. Stayed all night. Cool.

Jul 28 – Cool. Mercury 75 in morning. At home. Went over to burg after Sarah.

Jul 29 – Worked round shop and house. Went over after Sarah. Hannah and Claud went home.

Jul 30 – Cleared out old shop and chored round. Went over to burg in Evening after hoop iron.

Jul 31 – Put hoop on pork barrel. Chored round. Put beam in Browns two shovel plow. Cut grass for bill.

Aug 1 – Worked round garden and house. Went up in woods got load wood. Ethan and Mrs Betts went over to burg.

Aug 2 – Went down to Katharines after Blackberries. Got a good lot. Very hot day. Mart cutting grass.

Aug 3 – Not much work to day. Henry Crawford[90] came on noon train. Ethan and Henry went over to Nancys in Evening. Jim went up to Shermans lake to a picknic.

Aug 4 – At home. Henry Crawford here. Very warm day. Carried Henry Crawford to Kalamazoo in afternoon.

Aug 5 – Hoed corn in East lot and pulled weeds. Went over to burg in Evening. Bot boots $3.75 three Dollars and seventy five cents.

Aug 6 – Hoed and pulled weeds. Hank and Nancy came over just at night. Had Isaac Odells Horse and buggy.

Aug 7 – Hoed corn East of garden. Henry got Bill and Buggy to go to Marshall.

Aug 8 – Hoed some in forenoon. Took west side of from west well house. Had a nice shower in afternoon. Mr Flanders took lumber up for Drum to waterwheel.

Aug 9 – Hoed corn East of garden. Henry got home with Bill and buggy. Lois and Dell came out.

Aug 10 – Finished hoeing. Dell, Lois and Harts folks went up to Flanders. I went down to Kings after Jim.

Aug 11 – At home all day. Henry down here. Dell went home. Lois over to Hanks. Dell and Lois no come here.

Aug 12 – No work to day. Not very well. Henry called here. Mr Isaac Clark called here a while. Not very well. Went over to burg in Evening to temperance lecture. Fred Farland lectured. I D L Schram[91] thrashed wheat.

Aug 13 – Worked round house and garden. Nancys girl[92] Born to day about noon. Bird Abbott called here to see about putting in pump. Jim Bayl came with him.

Aug 14 – Carried Sarah over to Nancys. Claud and Ina here. Went up to mill. Got some plank for platform to well. Mrs Betts leg very big some.

Aug 15 – Worked round. Mrs Burdick and Mrs Blake called here. Went over to burg in Evening after rollers. Baker Stilsons[?] Barns burned to day.

Aug 16 – Went up to A. McLarrys after rollers. Got some plank up to Earls. Went up to Henrys in afternoon to see water wheel. A. Brown thrashed wheat.

Aug 17 – Got some wood. John Allen[93] came down to Mr Towns.[94] Tried the Lansing plow. Went down to Kings after Jim.

Aug 18 – Cloudy morning. At home all day. Mrs Betts went to burg. Ethan took her over.

Aug 19 – Barber came over and helped move the old cornhouse. Jim stayed and helped.

Aug 20 – Worked round cornhouse. Went over to Andrew McLarys. Carried rollers up in Evening. Carried Jesses plank home. Henry went to Marshall.

Aug 21 – Worked on buggy house. Put in floor at south End. Ethan went over to burg. I. D. L. Schram had bill to go to Picknic to Shermans Lake. Warm day.

Aug 22 – Mr Norman Durgy Died this morning. Blocked up buggy house. Mr Schram came down to see if he could get Bill to go to Kalamazoo. Mrs Bronson here. Mrs Barber and Ida[95] came over to see about going to Schoolcraft. Becky P[96] died to day. Brown drawed in Hungarian grass.

Aug 23 – Worked round house and buggy house. Wheeled some dirt. O. D. Schram[97] had Bill and wagon to go to Kalamazoo with load onions. Fine day. Mr Durgy buried to day.

Aug 24 – Cloudy morning. Worked round. Got ready to go to Schoolcraft. Fine day. Henry came down stayed all night. Rebecca Plank buried to day. Stephen Loveland[98] died to day.

Aug 25 – Henry and Stafford here. Went over to Schoolcraft to spiritual meeting. Went to Mr Arms,[99] left horses, took the cars to Schoolcraft. Speakers York, Mrs Shephard, Farland, Doctor Thomas, &c. Got home about Eleven. Brown, Streator, Mrs Barber and Ida.

Aug 26 – Ethan went down to Browns after Hannah. Took her over to Nancy. Very fine morning. Stephen Loveland buried to day.

Aug 27 – Went over burg in morning. Carried papers over to Vanburen. Shelled some corn. Repaired wagon wheel. Went over in Evening after Sarah and Lois.

Aug 28 – Went to Comstock to mill. Lois and Ina went down to Katharines. Had a good shower. Got wet some. Got home noon. Lavina York[100] died this morning 5 oclock Am.

Aug 29 – Went to Kalamazoo with Lois. Bot plasters for Ethan and Hannah. Stopt to Katharines. Bird Abbott put in pump.

Aug 30 – Went down to graveyard down by Daleys. Vinny York buried to day. Went over to burg in Evening. Mrs Blake, Mrs Forbush and Mrs Henry Rogers here in afternoon.

Aug 31 – Rainy morning. Not much done to day. Went down to Henry Kings after Jim. Bus carried Mrs Betts over to burg. Claud came over stayed all night.

Sep 1 – Fine morning no rain. Went down to Katharines in afternoon.

Sep 2 – My office Expired as Assessor. Went over to burg. Got money on post office order $20.00. Received of Township Treasurer 48.25¢ forty Eight Dollars and twenty five cents. Paid Abby Jackson forty Dollars. To paid C. L. Keith[101] $2 Dollars. Helped Brown get up clover seed. Dell called here.

Sep 3 – Warm morning. Lois went home. Ethan took her over to burg. Paid T. C. Ford six Dollars and twenty five cents 6.25.

Sep 4 – Went up to Augusta to the Pionere picnic. Lois and Dell went home. Had a nice time. Fine day. Uncle Isaac Clarks Barn burnt, two buggys, lot wheat, &c.

Sep 5 – Pleasant day. Ethan carried some timber up to mill for Henry. Filed saw for Erve Hall.

Sep 6 – Not very well. Chored round. Went over to burg in Evening. Very hot day. Mercury 96 in shade. Ethan finished car.

Sep 7 – Worked on buggy house. Went over to burg at noon after Hite.[102] He no come. Went to see lumber man. Very hot day. Ethan took car over to Hank. Extracted tooth for J. Flanders. Mr Allerton[103] thrashing with steamer.

Sep 8 – Very hot. Carried Mrs Betts over to burg in morning to hear the gospel preached. Went over after Mrs Betts at night.

Sep 9 – Some cooler. Made tightner frame for Theodore Earl. Had a good shower in night. Steamer Billy Rice thrashing for Mr Simmons.

Sep 10 – Some rainy this morning. Went up to sawmill got two loads wood. Carried tightner up. Went down to M. O. Streators got some apples.

Sep 11 – Steamer Billy Rice at Towns to day. Went over to burg to see Barton about cutting corn. Went over after Nancy and Hannah. Fine day. Steamer went up to Jesse Earls.

Sep 12 – Dave and Jay cutting corn. Steamer Billy Rice thrashing up to Jesse Earls. Made steps to East door. Finished cutting corn. Fine day. Paid Barton $2.00 for cutting corn.

Sep 13 – Went over to burg in morning. Sarah and Mrs Betts went over. Got some nails. Went over at noon. Got some butter for Mrs Brown. Rained some. Carried Nancy down to Browns. Uncle Isaac Clark had my buggy to go to Kalam[azoo].

Sep 14 – Worked round. Got Ernests buggy. Hiram and family[104] came on night Express. Fine weather but dry.

Sep 15 – Hite and I went around the squaire. Went to Mr Flanders. Nice day.

Sep 16 – Went up to Henrys in forenoon. All went over to Nancys in afternoon. Hite went down on Night Express. Warm and dry. Bill Blake sowing wheat on North side.

Sep 17 – Went down to Katharines in forenoon. Hot and dry. Went over to burg in Evening after Kate and Hannah.

Sep 18 – Went up to uncle Isaac Clark in morning to carry harness. Carried Hannah up to Jesse Earls. Took Kate around the square. D. C. Crawford and family[105] came and Edna Crawford[106] from Omro.[107]

Sep 19 – Went over to burg. Got D. C. Crawfords Trunk. Hot day. No work.

Sep 20 – No work to day. Cloudy, some rain, high wind. David, Amanda[108] and Kate went to Kalamazoo.

Sep 21 – Nice day. Hannah and Edna went over to Hanks. I took Kate up to Scots station. She went to South bend.[109]

Sep 22 – Fine morning. David and I went up to Yorkville and gul Corners. Took dinner at Benja____ Fox.

Sep 23 – At home. Ethan and David went over to burg. Jim at home. A Brown commenced plowing west lot. Brown sold his hogs.

Sep 24 – Went over to burg in morning. Carried Sarah and Mrs Betts over. Carried Amanda and one trunk came back took David and trunk over. They all left for Dowagiac[110] on 12:52 train. Went over in Evening after Sarah. Fide Barber Died.

Sep 25 – Will Barber[111] cut Buckwheat. Rainy day. Edna here. Hannah sewing for Mrs Jesse Earl.[112] Mrs Henry Rogers[113] Died 2 oclock AM.

Sep 26 – Pleasant morning. Will finished cutting Buckwheat. Not very well. Not much work. Went over to burg in Evening after Edna.

Sep 27 – Ethan, Hannah and Edna went to County fair to Kalamazoo. Mrs Henry Rogers buried to day funeral at Methodist Church. Rev Henderson preached. The first time I was in the church.

Sep 28 – Edna Crawford started for Dowagiac Eleven oclock Am. Nice day mercury 65. Ethan, Hannah and Jim went over to Nancys. A. Brown carried some wheat wheat to mill. Will Brown sowed the west lot.

Sep 29 – Went down to Katharines. Came home by Bart gibbs and Flanders. Fine day. Frank Tomlinson[114] came.

Sep 30 – Went over to burg in morning with Frank. Helped J. T. Allerton drive sow and pigs over bridge. Frank and Hannah went down to Katharines in afternoon.

Oct 1 – Will and George Barber[115] came over and got some corn. Frank and Hannah got home before noon. Frank and Ethan went up to Henrys at noon. Mercury 88 At noon. Rained hard in night.

Oct 2 – Fine morning. Frank left on Accomodation 7 oclock 9 minutes AM. Herb Earl[116] brot wheelbarrow wheel down to be repaired. Carried Sarah over to burg at noon. Went up to Henrys mill. Henry came down with me.

Oct 3 – Rimed Jesse Earls wheelbarrow wheel. Jim cut up corn on the hill. Henry went up to Marshall. Mrs Earl and Theodore[117] started for Wisconsin to see Elva.[118] Henry went up to Marshall to see Mr Cleveland.

Oct 4 – Went down and helped Mart fix his cider mill. Cut of the vat. Mr Caywood made cider over to Comstock. Pleasant day.

Oct 5 – Rainy. Overhauled lumber in old shop to get floring. Went over to burg after Salla towards night. Hank and Nancy came over to Browns. Claud went down with Mr Brown.

Oct 6 – Pleasant morning. At home all day. Hank and Nancy came stayed all night.

Oct 7 – Went over to burg in morning after money on post office order. Abbot and Bolls came down and turned pump tops. Went over to burg. Took Nancy home.

Oct 8 – Went down to Brown in forenoon. Picked up apples. Will Barber came over and thrashed Buckwheat. Carried Hannah over to burg at night. She started for Chicago. Rained some.

Oct 9 – Worked round. Cleaned up Buckwheat. Had Eleven bushels. Hannah gone to Chicago. Jim dug potatoes. Fine weather.

Oct 10 – Went over to burg in morning. Got money on order from the boys $30.00. Put casing on wagon _____. Browns folks here in Evening. Went over to Bartons just at night. Rained in night. Jim helping Harry pick apples.

Oct 11 – Some rainy in morning. Hung the Doors to carriage house and put sill at the bottom.

Oct 12 – Ethan tore out Egg cupboard. I tore up floor to stoop and the top to cistern. Carried Sarah over to Nancys at noon. Kit Arms[119] came there. Went over after her in Evening. Jim picked Apples to Streators. Quin[120] came home.

Oct 13 – Went over to burg in morning to see if Hannah came home. Rained some. Mart came up. Katharine and Clara[121] came with him. Hannah came over with Mr Brown, Arthur and Kit.

Oct 14 – Went over to burg in morning. Got money on County Order $19.50¢. Nancy came home. Went up to sawmill got stick timber.

Oct 15 – Went over to burg in morning. Bot lumber siding, sheeting and seeling six Dollars fortyfive cents 6.45. Dave Barton[122] drawed it over. Bot lumber for Skinners wagon box $1.00. I am Sixty five years old to day.

Oct 16 – Window lime and nails 2.55. Went down to Marts after ladder. Jim went down to work. Claud went down to Mr Browns. Went over to burg. Got one stick timber, 4 sticks scantling (4×4) and joist (8×8) $1.40, one Door 150.

Oct 17 – Worked on frame. Framed sill and studding. Drawed some rails on hill put on fence. Solomon Youngs here to dinner. Henry came down stayed all night. Mrs Brown called in.

Oct 18 – Carried Sarah down to Mr Browns. She went to Kalamazoo. Bot stove four Dollars 4.00. Drawed two loads sand. Tore of lath and plaster under stoop.

Oct 19 – Went over to burg in morning. Got bolt to put through sill 20¢. Claud came home with me. Barber put up wall under stoop.

Oct 20 – Put in the studding. Ethan and Hannah, Claud went down to Charles Lees. Henry went up to Mr Flanders.

Oct 21 – Went over to burg. Got lumber studding and one joist, one plank for window sills, boards for casings $__.44¢. Put on sheeting. Mrs Elizabeth Starr came here.

Oct 22 – Went over to burg. Bot nails and irons for sills 36¢ thirty six cents. Finished sheeting and laid some floor. Rainy. Mrs Starr went over to see Cilia Newman.

Oct 23 – Went over to burg. Bot lock buts and screws 33 cents, three lbs nails 10¢ ““.[123] Carried Mrs Starr down to Katharines. Paid Barber fifty cents.

Oct 24 – Went over to burg in morning after Mr Byington. He came over and worked to day. Fine day.

Oct 25 – Hung doors. Went over to burg. Got one 4×4 scantling 16 cents, six lbs nails 21 ““. Carried Byington home in Evening. Paid Byington $2.00. Will and George drawed in buckw.

Oct 26 – Rainy day. Put on water table and sealed up East side of room. Jim came home. Snowed some just at night. Henry putting up his Cidermill at Theodores mill.

Oct 27 – At home all day. Stormy, snow fell about three inches, very damp. Corn all out, some potatoes not dug. Looks quite wintery.

Oct 28 – Went over to burg. Bot nails, can paint and putty 1.16, two bunches Lath. Bot soap and strap 22¢. Lois and Will came. Wiped my ass with a snowball the first time this fall.

Oct 29 – Saw Lind Matthews. Cold morning. Will and Lois here. Went over to burg. Paid for Lath 25¢. Saw quins Lamp. Lois and Alfleda went over to burg. Went down to A. Browns. Bot 12 bushels wheat 87 pr bushel.

Oct 30 – Sarah and Lois went down to T Fords. I worked worked on windows got them rady to case. Rainy afternoon snow all gone.

Oct 31 – Worked on room cased one window and put down base. Cyrus Streator and Franks girl called here. Cold windy day. Lois and Will went down to Katharines. Cap Hodges Buried.[124]

Nov 1 – Went up to Isaac Clarks to rais Barn. Mate Thompson here to day. Mrs Betts came over packed up her goods. She is going to live at the burg. Mr S. Streator called here. Lois here to night.

Nov 2 – Moved Mrs N. B Betts over to Burg. She moved into John Freers house. Pleasant day.

Nov 3 – Fine shiny day. Lois and Will started for home.

Nov 4 – Went over to burg in morning. Hannah went over to Nancys. Went up to Mr Flanders got load apples. Pleasant day.

Nov 5 – Made cider in forenoon. Went to Election in afternoon. Very fine day, pleasant. Went down to A. Browns got five bushels wheat.

Nov 6 – Went to Comstock to mill. Rained some. Katharine came up. Finished digging potatoes. Carried five bushels wheat, ½ bushel corn, two bushels buckwheat. Mrs Oakly died.[125] Katharine came up.

Nov 7 – Cut and drawed two loads wood in forenoon. Drawed three loads dirt. Put in the well.

Nov 8 – Drawed two loads dirt put in the well. Carried Sarah and Katharine over to burg. Mrs Oakly buried. Put on some siding. Barber and Will, Mrs King.

Nov 9 – Finished siding the house. Cloudy not very cold. Barber and Will husking. Quin Streator bot out Gus Osgood hook and line.

Nov 10 – At home. Went down to Milhams. Took Katharine and Hannah home. Brot sewing machine home from Mr Streators. Not very cold. Jim went back to Marts to work.

Nov 11 – Rainy day. Went up to pump shop. Got some boards for draft board. Got some vinegar. Came round by the burg. Bot paint brush 50¢. Mortered up hatchway. Went down to Browns got some lime.

Nov 12 – Put up stove in shop. Pointed wall outside and in celler. Went over to burg. Got lumber 16 feet 28. Got some for draft board for Ethan 16 feet 28¢. Paid R. G. Smith one Dollar and fifty cents one years subscription to Kal Gazette.

Nov 13 – Put some shingles on wagon house. Put down platform over well. Carried Sarah down to A. Browns. Went down after her at night. Will Brown drawing apples to cider mill.

Nov 14 – Drawed load dirt to back up well. Got load sand to plaster. Mary Crawford[126] came in afternoon. Nancy here. Hank came over stayed all night. Very pleasant day.

Nov 15 – Hank went Fox hunting in morning. See him Fox, no get him. Carried Sarah and Mary over to burg in morning. Bot two ventilators 75¢.

Nov 16 – Rainy day. Got out stuff for windows. Put stops in one window.

Nov 17 – At home all day. Put stops in one window. Warm day Mercury 46 about noon.

Nov 18 – Drawed in some corn. Carried Sarah over to burg in morning. Charles Lee died Went over to burg after Sarah at night. Turned out some plugs for Herb Earl in Evening. Herb pd me 75 cent for wheelbarrow wheel.

Nov 19 – Went up to shop with Henry in morning. Got some vinegar. Henry helped me put shingles on barn in afternoon. Warm day. Charles Lee died in night.[127]

Nov 20 – Went up to mill got bunch Shingles. Put some on barn. Henry went to Marshall. Sate[128] came here.

Nov 21 – Paid A. Brown fifty cents. Went over to burg. Bot some plastering hair 12¢, bot vest 1.50. Saw Dell. Sate went home. Went down to Charles Lees funeral in afternoon. Rainy. Saw Orrin Lee.[129] Mr dun preached mormon.

Nov 22 – Went over to burg in morning bot Put ventilators in to day. Mixed up mortar. Put the hair in. Ethan went over to Hanks.

Nov 23 – Went over to burg in morning after Barber. He came over plastered the new room.

Nov 24 – Went down to Katharines. Saw Orrin Lee. He gave me a picture of Marks[130] house. Bill runaway, broke the wagon. Jim took us home.

Nov 25 – Cleared of barn floor so Barber could put in the cornfodder. Fine day. Brown hulling Clover had the Steamer Billy Rice.

Nov 26 – Mr Brown finished his clover. Will and George Barber drawn in cornfodder. Cold raw wind. Henry came down from Marshall went up to Mr Flanders. Henry brot a pair of chickens.

Nov 27 – Went up to Henrys mill with Henry. Got some plank to repair wagon. Rained, snowed in afternoon. Not very cold. Henry went to Mr Flanders just at night. Got wall paper 76¢ cts.

Nov 28 – Some sleighing. Thanksgiving. Git no turkee. Sarah and Alfleda went over to Nancys. Henry came down. I went up to mill helped him load up his things. He moved to Marshall. I got iron wheel and vice screw. Went over to Hanks in Evening to an Oyster supper.

Nov 29 – Worked round house and barn. Put board on south end of Barn to shut Doves out. Filed saw for Erve Hall 20¢. Jim came home. Ethan over to Hanks. Hank went to Battle Creek. Not much sleighing.

Nov 30 – Jim and I went up in woods sawed and drawed two loads wood. Ethan came home. Jim went over to burg in afternoon.

Dec 1 – At home all day. Not very cold. Some snow on ground, no sleighing. Hank and Nancy went down to Kates. They had got the well one hundred and forty one feet.

Dec 2 – Husked corn. Cleared out the barn. Not very cold.

Dec 3 – Carried corn into cornhouse in morning. Drawed in corn in afternoon. Filled barn floor. Rained just at night. Not very cold.

Dec 4 – Husked corn. Cleared the barn. Very good day. Had 12½ bushels I think.

Dec 5 – Will and George came over and thrashed Buckwheat had 4½ bushels. We drawed in corn 24 stooks.

Dec 6 – Husked corn. Snowey day snowed all day. Claud here. Not very cold. Very rough day to be out.

Dec 7 – __s cut down tree on south line. Sawed two loads wood.

Dec 8 – Snowed and blowed all day. Carried Jim down to Katharines. He is going to school.

Dec 9 – Worked round house and shop. Filed saw for A. Brown. Put moulding on arch in East room. Shelled corn. Went down to A. Browns in Evening. Jim commenced school to day.

Dec 10 – Worked in shop some. Put moulding on arch in East room. Went down to A. Browns in Evening. Shelled some corn in afternoon Went to Comstock to mill.

Dec 11 – Went to Comstock to mill in forenoon. Got Buckwheat flour. Got corn ground. Not very good Sleighing not very good. Cut and drawed two loads wood.

Dec 12 – Worked in shop some. Filed and set two saws for Peter Hall, one for A. Brown, one of my own. Put base down in East room. Not very good sleighing.

Dec 13 – Worked round house. Chored round s [incomplete]

Dec 14 – Cut blackoak tree out the North East corner of my woods. Dam thing fell across the fence and broke it down &c.

Dec 15 – At home all day. Jim brot Hannah home. Orrin Lee came up with them.

Dec 16 – Went over to burg. Ethan and Orrin went. We went up to shop to get pattern plank. Orrin got negative. Bot oil and Turpentine 20¢ cents. Ethan painted some. I drawed load wood.

Dec 17 – Went over to burg in morning. Got glass 40 cts for south window. Orrin went up to Mr Flanders. I painted south Door. Henry came home stayed all night. Paid my tax $6.23 cents.

Dec 18 – Mercury 8 Abz cold day. Worked in shop some. Mad frame for small dore in Chamber. Henry went home. Very good sleighing.

Dec 19 – Mercury 14 in morning Abz. Put Door frame in up stairs. Very cold day. Ethan made Will Browns spear. Filed crosscut and buck saws for Will Brown.

Dec 20 – Went up in woods cut one load wood. Went down to A. Browns got Hogs heads and feet. Went over to burg in Evening. Carried 12 Doz Eggs 16 cts pr Doz.

Dec 21 – Very snowey day. Worked in shop made seat for sleigh.

Dec 22 – Went down to Katharine. Carried Jims Trunk. Storing blustring day snowed all day. Marts folks gone to Vicksburg. Orrin went with them.

Dec 23 – Mercury 4 below zero, very cold blustrous day. Not much driving about. One cutter went East. Will Brown drawed one load wood over to Hank.

Dec 24 – Cold and blustrous. No work but chores. Very rough.

Dec 25 – Still it keeps cold. No stirring around. Went down to A. Browns to a Christmas dinner. Very blustrous. Will Planks little girl died to day.

Dec 26 – Went up in woods cut some wood an shoveled snow to get to woods.

Dec 27 – Cold and snows like fun. Shoveled snow and drawed three or four loads wood. Bad day to be out. Ethan went over to burg.

Dec 28 – Worked round house and so forth. Cold day.

Dec 29 – At home all day. Fine day.

Dec 30 – Went to Kalamazoo. Cold day. Bot stovepipe, beadslead. Brot up frames for Hank. Henry came down from Marshall.

Dec 31 – Carried Hanks things over this morning. Went up to sawmill in afternoon. Carried up cross head. Sawed out pattern timber and cutter beams. Henry went over to burg.

Memoranda

Property traded to A R Skinner for Buggy

One silver watch $50.00

One set buggy wheels $14.00

One violin $25.00

One calf $4.00

One wagon box $6.00

——-

[1] Known better, and referred to, as Luke

[2] Galesburg, Michigan

[3] His daughter, Hannah Keith

[4] His oldest son, Henry Lindsey Keith, by his first wife, Minerva Payson

[5] His daughter, Nancy (Keith) Brown

[6] His youngest son, James Clinton Keith

[7] Nancy’s husband, Henry Brown

[8] Luke’s 1877 diary entries show that on December 25th, Ed’s “gun burst, blowed britch pin into his head.” He died December 31st. FindAGrave.com reveals he was buried in Galesburg City Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[9] Above zero

[10] Galesburg, Michigan

[11] Neighbor, Marius O. Streator

[12] His son, Ethan Keith

[13] Comstock, Michigan

[14] Neighbor, Samuel Barton

[15] Neighbor, the son of M. O. Streator

[16] FindAGrave.com shows that Willie A. Burgess died January 2, 1878, at the age of 7, and is buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan. He was the son of neighbors, Erastus & Hattie (Shattuck) Burgess

[17] His sister, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee

[18] Luke uses this phrase quite often. The Oxford Dictionary gives its meaning as “vigorously or quickly”

[19] The son of his neighbors, George & Jane Whiting

[20] Believe this to be his neighbor, Ernest Whiting

[21] His neighbor, Richard Barber

[22] Michigan Marriage Records confirm the marriage date; she married Aaron H. Carr in Galesburg, Michigan

[23] Certain

[24] His daughter and son-in-law, Lois and Adelbert Skinner. Lois was his daughter by his first wife, Minerva Payson

[25] His mother-in-law, Nancy (Comfort) Crawford Betts

[26] His grandson, Claude Brown, son of his daughter Nancy

[27] His third wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith

[28] Hank’s parents, Ambrose & Matilda (Allen) Brown

[29] Mary (Stephenson) McKinney, a former neighbor of Hank & Nancy Brown from when they lived in Lawton, Michigan, in 1876

[30] Lois and Adelbert Skinner.

[31] Neighbor, Nathan L. Randall

[32] Etc.

[33] Neighbor, Joseph Flanders

[34] The long shaft between which an animal is fastened when pulling a wagon

[35] Arthur & Caroline “Kitty” (Lockwood) Arms; Arthur was the nephew of Ambrose Brown

[36] FindAGrave.com reveals that Josephine (Whiting) Higgs died in Chicago, Illinois, and is buried in Riverside Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan. Josephine was the sister of Ernest Whiting who is mentioned quite frequently in Luke’s diaries

[37] Richard Barber and his daughter, Ida Barber

[38] His niece (Katharine’s daughter by her second husband, George Clinton Lee) and husband, Lucy (Lee) & Martin Milham

[39] Joseph York, the husband of Katharine’s daughter, Helen (Bradley) York, by her first husband, Ethan Bradley

[40] Believe this to be his neighbor, Irwin I. Hall

[41] Perry, New York, where George & Marion (Sprague) Tomlinson lived; Marion was his niece

[42] Richard & Mary (Knowles) Barber’s family

[43] After Luke’s first wife, Minerva (Payson) Keith died, Joseph and Amanda (Hobbs) Flanders cared for his son, Henry, for a period of time. The Flanders raised Henry even after Luke married his third wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith. They wanted to adopt Henry but Luke said no; however, it looks like Henry lived with them throughout his youth. This seems to be corroborated by the 1860 census showing “Henry L Flanders,” age 16, (who it is actually believed to be Henry L. Keith), living with Joseph & Amanda

[44] Ambrose & Matilda’s son, Willis Brown

[45] Jane (Comfort) Nelles Sunderlin was his mother-in-law Nancy Betts’ sister

[46] Alfleda (Starr) Keith, the widow of Luke’s brother, Harvey Keith

[47] Michigan Death Records show that Betsy (Judson) Kingsley died February 13, 1878 in Comstock, Michigan

[48] Marius & Laura (Rawson) Streator

[49] Neighbor, Hannibal “Hat” A. Taylor

[50] Betsey (Clapp) Taylor

[51] Neighbor, Thomas Clark Ford

[52] FindAGrave.com records show that Fay Aldrich (born June 16, 1876), the son of William & Henrietta Aldrich, died on February 19, 1878 in Comstock, Michigan (which agrees with Luke’s entry and the Oak Grove Cemetery records) and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan. However, Michigan Births & Christening Index records show his date of birth as August 14, 1876, and Michigan Vital Records reveals that Fay C. Aldrich, same parents and same date of birth, died in Comstock from croup on February 14, 1879

[53] Eugene Crawford, the son of his wife Sarah’s late brother, Edwin Crawford and his first wife, Louisa Hall

[54] Edna Alice Crawford, the daughter of his wife Sarah’s late brother, Edwin Crawford and his second wife, Mary Hamilton

[55] Massachusetts Death Records confirm that Reverend Russell Tomlinson died in Plymouth, Massachusetts on March 4, 1878

[56] Alvan Lee was his first cousin and it is believed that Ida Lee was Alvan’s niece, the daughter of his deceased brother, John Warren Lee

[57] Neighbor, Emaline (Stone) Ralph

[58] The daughters of neighbors, John S. & Amanda Louise (Worden) Allen

[59] James Milham was the half-brother of Martin Milham (see footnote for February 3rd entry)

[60] His late father, Charles Luke Keith Sr.

[61] The pivoted horizontal crossbar to which the harness traces of a draft animal are attached and which is in turn attached to a vehicle or an implement

[62] His niece, and Katharine’s daughter, Helen (Bradley) York

[63] Presume he is being funny or sarcastic in regard to his mother-in-law. Rev. Platt Betts was her second husband; he died December 29, 1861

[64] Believe he is referring to his neighbor and “shirttail relative,” Theodore Earl,

[65] Matilda Brown’s sister, Julia Allen

[66] Nellie was the daughter of Luke’s niece and her husband, Marion (Sprague) & George Tomlinson; she married Walter Gillette

[67] Louis Bristol was Ambrose Brown’s grand-nephew

[68] His paternal first cousin, the son of Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee

[69] Michigan Marriage Records confirm that Henry “Harry” Streator and Helen Randall were married May 2, 1878 in Comstock, Michigan

[70] Neighbor and “shirttail relative”

[71] Neighbor, George Ransom Wightman

[72] Mary Tamer Ford, the daughter of neighbors Thomas & Adelia (Tompkins) Ford

[73] Believe he is referring to Doc Wightman’s wife, Mary (Crandall) Wightman

[74] The Greenback movement (c. 1868–88) was a political campaign, largely by persons with agrarian interests, to maintain or increase the amount of paper money in circulation. Between 1862 and 1865, the U.S. government issued more than $450,000,000 in paper money not backed by gold (greenbacks) to help finance the Union cause in the American Civil War. After the war, fiscal conservatives demanded that the government retire the greenbacks, but farmers and others who wished to maintain high prices opposed that move. The party ran candidates in three presidential elections—in the elections of 18761880, and 1884

[75] Lime plaster was used for exterior plastering and was composed of sand, water, and lime. Horse hair was added for reinforcement

[76] Marshall, Michigan

[77] Ceresco, Michigan

[78] Michigan Death Records show that Kezia (Lester) Deyo died in Richland, Michigan on June 9, 1878 and FindAGrave.com shows that she is buried in the Prairie Home Cemetery in Richland, Michigan

[79] Lois’ children: William Byron Clark (by her first husband, Byron Clark), and Ina Mary Skinner (by her second husband, Adelbert Skinner)

[80] FindAGrave.com shows that Maj. Stephen M. Dakin died June 17, 1878 and is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[81] Ambrose Brown’s aunt, Rhobe Brown, was married to a Joseph Wells; however, have not been able to make a connection between Ambrose Brown and George Wells or between Joseph & Rhobe Wells and George Wells

[82] Michigan death records show that Eliza Beakes, a widow, age 85, died in Comstock on June 22, 1878

[83] His niece and her husband, Marion (Sprague) & George Tomlinson

[84] Michigan death records show that Fanny (Taber) Barnum died July 1, 1878 in Pavilion, Michigan

[85] Neighbor, Charles; his daughter Hannah’s future husband

[86] FindAGrave.com records reveal that Prudence (Bishop) Lord died July 6, 1878 and is buried in the Comstock Cemetery, Comstock, Michigan

[87] Neighbor, Lydia (McClary) Barber, wife of Lewis Barber

[88] His horse

[89] Referring to his wife and himself

[90] His brother-in-law, Henry Clay Crawford

[91] Neighbor, Isaac D. L. Schram

[92] His granddaughter, Lela Mae Brown

[93] Neighbor, John S. Allen

[94] Neighbor, Albert H. Towne, who was the father of Charles Towne (see footnote to July 5th entry)

[95] Mary (Knowles) Barber and her daughter, Ida Barber

[96] Michigan Death Records show that Rebecca Plank, age 27, died of consumption on August 22, 1878, and FindAGrave.com reveals that she is buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Grand Rapids, Michigan. The Plank family had been neighbors until they moved to Grand Rapids in April 1873

[97] Neighbor, Orrin D. Schram, who was the father of Isaac D. L. Schram (see footnote to August 12th entry)

[98] Michigan Death Records confirm that Stephen Loveland, age 60, died of consumption in Comstock on August 24, 1878

[99] See footnote to January 26th entry

[100] Helen Lavinia York was the granddaughter of his sister, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee. FindAGrave.com shows that she is buried in the Schoolcraft Township Cemetery in Vicksburg, Michigan

[101] Himself

[102] Nickname for his wife Sarah’s brother, Hiram Crawford Jr.

[103] Neighbor, John T. Allerton

[104] Hiram & Katherine (Atcheson) Crawford Jr., and their two children, Harry and Jessie

[105] His wife Sarah’s brother, David Caleb “D.C” Crawford, his wife, Amanda (Thornton) Crawford, and their daughter, Ida Louise

[106] Edna Irene Crawford, the daughter of his wife Sarah’s brother, Robert Crawford

[107] Omro, Wisconsin

[108] See footnote to September 18th entry

[109] His wife Sarah’s brother (and Edna’s uncle), Henry Clay Crawford, lived in South Bend, Indiana, so presume Edna was going to visit thei family

[110] Dowagiac, Michigan, to attend the wedding of Edna Alice Crawford, the daughter of Edwin (deceased) & Mary (Hamilton) Crawford. She married Oscar M. Allen, Jr. on September 25, 1878

[111] William H. Barber, the son of Richard & Mary (Knowles) Barber

[112] Mary (Clapp) Earl

[113] FindAGrave.com and Riverside Cemetery records show that Lucy (Harris) Rogers died September 26, 1878 and is buried in the Riverside Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan

[114] Frank John Tomlinson, the son of Luke’s niece and her husband, Marion (Sprague) & George Tomlinson

[115] The sons of Richard & Mary (Knowles) Barber

[116] Neighbor, Herbert Earl, the son of Jesse & Mary (Clapp) Earl

[117] Neighbors, Mary (Clapp) Earl and her son, Theodore Earl

[118] Daughter of Jesse & Mary (Clapp) Earl; she married Frank Crossfield in 1877 and the 1880 census shows them living in Oakland, Wisconsin

[119] See footnote to January 26th entry

[120] Neighbor, John Quincy Streator, the son of Marius O. & Laura (Rawson) Streator

[121] Clara Almyra Milham, the daughter of Martin & Lucy (Lee) Milham

[122] Neighbor, David Barton

[123] The “ditto marks” were used to indicate a repetition of the word on the line above, which was “cents”

[124] FindAGrave.com reveals that George S. Hodges had been a captain during the Civil War and that he died of consumption on October 29, 1878 and is buried in the Riverside Cemetery in Kalamazoo, Michigan

[125] FindAGrave.com shows that Charlotte (TenBrook) Oakley died November 5, 1878 and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[126] Believe he is referring to Mary (Hamilton) Crawford, the widow of his brother-in-law, Edwin Crawford

[127] His paternal first cousin, the son of Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee; Michigan Death Records confirm that he died of pneumonia in Comstock, Michigan on November 19, 1878

[128] Believe he is referring to Sarah “Sate” Skinner, the sister of his son-in-law, Adelbert Skinner

[129] Charles Lee’s nephew, Orrin Strong Lee, the son of Ezekiel & Elizabeth (Strong) Lee

[130] “Mark” is referred to quite often in Luke’s earlier diaries and it is believed Luke is referring to his cousin, Marquis de Lafayette Lee, the oldest son of Dr. Ezekiel and Elizabeth (Strong) Lee. The Lees were Mormons and moved to Nauvoo, Illinois, and eventually to the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. Mark stayed behind to run his father’s farm and lived with his aunt, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee, until the Spring of 1870 when he moved to Utah

Luke Keith’s 1872 Diary

1872 DIARY OF CHARLES LUKE KEITH JR[1]

Jan 1 – Ethan[2] and girls went down to Catharines.[3] No snow but lots of ice in road. At home all day. Alfleda[4] here.

Jan 2 – Made sleighshoe pattern for A. Brown.[5] Not very cold. M. O. Streator[6] called here he had been up to cidermill.

Jan 3 – Hard cold, head ache. Nothing done. Ethan and girls went over to Mr Planks in Evening.

Jan 4 – Went over to burg.[7] Fitted shoes on my sleigh. Let Vanburen have one Dollar. Mary and Carry Plank[8] here went to school.

Jan 5 – Went up to Schrams to see old cow. Went over and got my sleigh. Bot Jims[9] Boots 2.50.

Jan 6 – Carried Hannah and Nancy[10] up to Wesleys.[11] Hank Brown[12] working on retouching frame. Got two bushels wheat ground.

Jan 7 – At home. Alfleda here. No snow on ground good wheeling.

Jan 8 – Drawed some wood on sleigh. Scoured new shoes. Went down to Catharines.

Jan 9 – Killed my hogs. Mart[13] and A. Brown and Wes helped me. Mr Schram killed my cow.

Jan 10 – Sold J. C. Blake two hogs weight 6.74 lbs 4.85 cts. pr hundred. Got my beef. Carried my cast iron up to B. Hartwells had 300. lbs 1½ pr lb 4.50.

Jan 11 – Went up to Mr Kirbys. Cool wind almost rains. Lois[14] at home a while.

Jan 12 – Went down to Catharines after Nancy. Swaddle girls here Libby Allen here. Mr Plank got some beef.

Jan 13 – Went up to Wesleys. Got a pig. Went over to burg paid my tax 12.53. Will Plank[15] stayed all night Drawed 100. Dollars of town treasurer for District No 7. Dick Lamkins brot violin to be repaired.

Jan 14 – Pleasant morning.

Jan 15 – Snowed some. Went over to burg bot some glue.

Jan 16 – Snowes snow 2½ inches this morning. Sarah[16] went over to Janes. I drawed one load wood. Went over after Sarah in Evening.

Jan 17 – Cloudy not very cold. Put the hair in one End of Dicks bow. Put bottom on chopping bowl. John Sherman broke down had a big load wood.

Jan 18 – Found new lamb this morning, all right.

Jan 19 – Put hair in one End of Lamkins bow. Went over to burg carried over Buckwheat and corn. Sarah and Nancy went over. Bot sis[17] some shoes 2.00. Snowey day snow fell 5½ inches 5½ in.

Jan 20 – Got Schrams saw cut one load wood. Snows some. Jo Lee[18] called here. Hannah went home with him. Rebeca Plank[19] here.

Jan 21 – Put up hog. New snow 2. Went down to Jo Lees, Alfleda went with us.

Jan 22 – Went over to Burg after sis. Went to A. Hoags to see Decon Mason.

Jan 23 – Jane Hoag an Mary Mason came over here. I went down to Catharines after pig.

Jan 24 – Worked on fenders some cold day snow 1¼.

Jan 25 – Cold morning. Went over to burg.

Jan 26 – Went over to burg. Worked on fenders some.

Jan 27 – Paid Wm Johnson $19.50. Put fenders on cutter. Cold day. Went over to burg in Evening got buckwheat flour, bot 3 darning needles.

Jan 28 – Cold 4 Abz[20] Mart, Lucy[21] and Cate Chaffee[22] came here. Stove fell down broke the bottom. A Brown here in Evening.

Jan 29 – Cold 6 Below zero. Very Cold. No work.

Jan 30 – Went to Kalamazoo to see Mr Briggs. Went and see George.

Jan 31 – Cold 9 Abz. Went ofer to burg. Bot Ethans pants 5.50 5.50 A. Browns folks here in Evening. Arthur Arms[23] here with them.

Feb 1 – Cold 8 Below zero. Alfleda went waverly. Stephen D. Hall and wife here all day.

Feb 2 – Cold 16. Below zero. Carried stove over to Burg. Bot one peace of cotton 5.93. Ethan, Nancy and Hannah went down to M O. Streators in Evening. Mr Geo Torry shot himself in Kalamazoo this morning.

Feb 3 – 25 below zero pleasant but cold. Ethan and the girls went up to Swaddles. Carried my stove bottom over got it mended 5/-.[24] Jo Sherman and wife here.

Feb 4 – Some warmer 18 Above zero at 7 AM. Went down to Marts and Jo Lees. Snowed like fun[25] when we came home.

Feb 5 – Snowed all day. Painted my cutter bottom. Went over to burg got stove bottom put stove together.

Feb 6 – Snow 8 inches deep. Carried Nancy down to Skinners.[26] Went up to John Shermans. Nice sleighing. Net Gafre(?) came down with Jim Milham[27] after Stella.[28]

Feb 7 – Cold 17. Below zero. Ethan put slead together. Jo Lee came up here. Ethan went down to Jim Jacksons in Evening. Hannah stayed to A. Browns.

Feb 8 – Cold and pleasant 10 below zero. Went down to Jo Lees stayed all night. Filled tooth for Will Brown[29] this morning.

Feb 9 – Went to Kalamazoo after sis. Pleasant day went and saw Judge Briggs. Came back to Catharines stayed all night.

Feb 10 – Came home. Stoped to Jo Lees. Went down to Charleses with Jo.

Feb 11 – At home all day. Warm thawed snow went fast. No one here.

Feb 12 – Pleasant 14. Abz. No work to day.

Feb 13 – Snowed and blowed all day snowed 1 inch.

Feb 14 – Cold 3 Abz. Went to mill up to Howlands. Snowed like fun. School teacher stayed here all night. Went down to Jo Lees in Evening. He was gone from home. Very cold snow fel one inch 1 in.

Feb 15 – Cold. Went up to Wesleys after Louesa.[30] Sarah went down to Skinners. I went down to Skinners after Sarah. Stopt to A Browns stayed the Evening. Sawed some wood.

Feb 16 – Mr Roberts called here the Galesburg Herald. Sarah and Nancy went over to Barbers. Filed saw for Ridler, sawed some wood. Will Plank came here stayed all night,

Feb 17 – Puttied up cutter dash. Went down to Fords in Evening with Wesley to see about Blackwalnut lumber.

Feb 18 – At home all day. Jo Lee came up here stayed to supper.

Feb 19 – Went over to burg in the morning to see Mr Reynolds about the Bristol place. Freer girl buried [see footnote to November 9th entry]. Jule Bristol[31] died. Ethan and Nancy went down to Catharines. Ethan and the girls went up to Ridlers to a dance. I vacinated Carry and Mary Plank.

Feb 20 – Carried Sarah and Nancy over to Burg. Snowed like fun.

Feb 21 – At home all day. Mrs Bristol buried to day.

Feb 22 – Carried Hams down to A. Browns this morning.

Feb 23 – Blocked out 3 axhelves.[32] Ethan and girls went up to Wesleys to a dance.

Feb 24 – Dow Haines and cousin called here had their violins with them. They played very well. Mr and Mrs Plank[33] called here to see about geting the house for the summer. Went down to Jo Lees.

Feb 25 – Went down to Catharines, came home. A. Browns family here in Evening.

Feb 26 – Pleasant morning lots ice all over. Painted sleigh over.

Feb 27 – Painted sleigh some. Repairing front room some. Will Plank here all night. Stelly Millham stayed all night.

Feb 28 – Pleasant morning. Worked in shop some on axhelves.

Feb 29 – Painted cutter thills[34] worked on helves some. Pleasant day

Mar 1 – Mr Plank drawed some wood. Ethan and Nancy went over to burg. Mrs Barber sick.

Mar 2 – Went over to burg. Saw Mr Reynolds he no want the place. Will Plank sawed some wood. Started to go down to A. Browns. Bill[35] got a way from me. I got him up to John Shermans barn.

Mar 3 – Cool, no sleighing. Mart and Lucy and Catharine came up.

Mar 4 – Carried some corn over to mill. One inch snow. Mr Plank drawed some wood. Cold wind. I drawed some wood. Catharine here.

Mar 5 – Pleasant 4 below zero. Cut and drawed some woood.

Mar 6 – Went over to burg, got meal. Caroline Earl[36] came here. Mr Plank and Will sawing wood.

Mar 7 – Pleasant morning. Sarah, Caroline and I went up to Wesleys. Carried Caroline over to burg. Went in to barbers, Mrs barber some better. Mr Allen and children[37] here in Evening, Mr Planks young folk, Hank Brown and Hank Childs.

Mar 8 – Snow 2 inches deep this morning. Sawed out some gearing. I Schram[38] called here. I paid him 6 Dollars. Jo Lee Sold his farm.

Mar 9 – Sawed some more of my gearing. Extracted one tooth for Will Brown. Paid A. Brown 30.00 dollars, paid Alice Byington 49.00 & 30. Went Down to Skinners. 49 in afternoon. Saw 79.00 Charley Sutherland.

Mar 10 – Went down to Jo Lees and Catharines. Catharine went home.

Mar 11 – Sawed out wheelbarrow arms. John Sherman paid me 3.50 cts in full of all accounts up to this date.

Mar 12 – Went up to Ell Carys this morning with sleigh. Ethan went to Kalamazoo with Will Plank. Got Mr Barbers sewing machine. Nancy and Sis went up to Mr Allens.

Mar 13 – Went over to Wesleys, down to M O. Steators. Got one bushel potatoes. Went over to burg. Got 35. lbs flour of Mr Plank. Old Mrs Ralph and Em[39] here. Jo Lee came up. Mr Samples girl Buried to day.

Mar 14 – Went up to Wesleys, got one bushel potatoes. Will Plank splitting wood.

Mar 15 – No work to day. At home.

Mar 16 – Ethan and Nancy went down to Catharines, stayed all night.

Mar 17 – At home, no one here. Ethan, Nancy came home. Lucy came home with them.

Mar 18 – Lucy went over to burg to get Georgies[40] picture taken. I choped wood in fore noon. Snowed like fun in afternoon. Jo Lee called here. Will Plank here. Snow fell 1 inch one inch.

Mar 19 – Nice morning, sun came out. Cut some wood and drawed it down.

Mar 20 – Pleasant and cold, mercury at zero. Lucy went to burg got picture of Georgie. I hued sum spokes. Mr Allen had an Auction.

Mar 21 – Hued sum spokes. Paid Hawkins six 6. Dollars for cleaning schoolhouse. Cold wind. Old Mr Hutchinson buried to day.

Mar 22 – I sawed out stuf for cloths bars for Catharine. Ethan went down after Hannah. Lucy went home. Cold wind. Hannah came home. Ethan lost the pail. Col Chester Hannan buried to day.

Mar 23 – Cold and blustring, snow 2 inches deep.

Mar 24 – At home all day. Dell[41] and Lois came home, firs time Del was here to tea. Sick all night.

Mar 25 – Sick no work to day. Hard cold, snowed and rained some. Ethan and Sarah carried Mrs Barbers machine.

Mar 26 – Went over to burg got paint and oil, some varnish for Lois table and stand. No snow.

Mar 27 – Commenced painting front room. Wm Cook called here this morning. He was going to Midland City to see his brother. Fine day.

Mar 28 – Painting some in front room. Not well hard cold.

Mar 29 – Painting some.

Mar 30 – Went to Kalamazoo. The Bristol place sold to day. Had a hard rain, some snow and lots of ice. Trees covered with ice. E. Underwood stayed here all night.

Mar 31 – Stormy Nasty day.

Apr 1 – Went over to burg to town meeting. Mr Planks folks moved to day. School commenced to day. Wes and I and Hobe Williams went up to Schrams in Evening.

Apr 2 – Bot five Bushels wheat of M. O. Streator. Paid him 4. four Dollars.

Apr 3 – Sick no work to day. Mr Planks folks fixing for Auction.

Apr 4 – Auction. Mr Plank sold his Horses, wagon, Harness and various things.

Apr 5 – Mr Plank make pigpen, Henroost and worked around generally. Rubecca[42] leveled of cro ca [croquet?] ground. I put up fence

Apr 6 – Pleasant morning. Went down to Catharines in afternoon. Had a fine shower. Jo York[43] stayed all night.

Apr 7 – Came home at night stoped to Jo Lees. Mr Cook called to Catharines. He gave me some specimines of their mines, copper, silver and lead.

Apr 8 – Pleasant morning.

Apr 9 – At home not much work. Carried some corn to mill. Mr Stafford buried to day. They took James Flanders to the Asylum to day.

Apr 10 – Went over to burg, carried some corn for Mr Plank. Brot home some glasses from Osgood. James Flanders died[44] to night about seven oclock.

Apr 11 – Pleasant morning. Went up to Mr Clarks auction in afternoon. Cut wood in fore noon.

Apr 12 – Went over to burg in morning, got my photograph. Had a shower. Henry[45] came home in afternoon. High wind. Ethan went down to Catharines. Carried glasses back to Osgood. Lois came home.

Apr 13 – Pleasant and dry very high wind. James Flanders buried to day. Very windy. Mr Alonzo Wright died about 4. P.M. to day.

Apr 14 – Went down to Catharines. Carried my photo down to send to Mark[46] by Mr Wm Cook. Jo Lee came home with me. Rained in night.

Apr 15 – Snowey day, snow fell 2. in. Went and took Jo home in afternoon. Rough time.

Apr 16 – Pleasant morning. Put up leach[47] run of Loze(?). Florence Plank[48] Died to day.

Apr 17 – Made soap. Put up some fence. Henry Clinton and wife called here. Put up leach.

Apr 18 – Some rainy this morning. Went up to Wesleys Expecting to go up to Mr Williams but did not. Helped Wes clean up load wheat. Jo and Jesse Lee[49] here.

Apr 19 – Fine day. Made soap to day. Mr Town[50] came over here. First time I spoke to him.

Apr 20 – Went over to burg, carried 8 doz Eggs 1/ pr doz. Went down to Jo Lees. Stayed all night.

Apr 21 – Came home. Mr Randall sick. Rained some in forenoon.

Apr 22 – Put chip manure around currant bushes. Mr Randal some better.

Apr 23 – No work to day. Mr Plank and Caroline[51] left on the Evening Express. Mr Allen went with him.

Apr 24 – Cut some wood, painted windows. Went down to Catharines stayed all night.

Apr 25 – Went to Kalamazoo to see Judge Briggs. Marvin Babcock[52] was buried to day.

Apr 26 – Not very well. Ethan drove team for A Brown to sow plaster.[53] I went down to Cath­arines carried cloths bars. Got Evener[54] of Jo Lee. Rained a little. Cleaned out Barn.

Apr 27 – Cloudy and cool. Burgess Boy called here to get some Early potatoes. Chored around some. Not very well. Bill got into towns lot. Ethan and Will Plank made steps to front door.

Apr 28 – At home. Fine day. Lois and dell came home. I filled 4 teeth for Dell.

Apr 29 – Ethan drawed manure. I cut tree for gateposts. Warm day. Heard the first Whipporwill.

Apr 30 – Put my tool chest in shop, papered kitchen. Mart came up and got corn. Had a wind and rain storm, rained in night.

May 1 – Worked round some. Charles and Alvin[55] called here.

May 2 – Hued out one gate post. Mrs Plank papered kitchen. Sheared one sheep.

May 3 – Ethan went down to Charles Lees and Catharines got some turnips. Hannah came home. Sarah and Nancy went down to A Browns. I went down in Evening. Painted front room. Fanny Town[56] called in to see Mrs Plank. Dea Mason called here.

May 4 – I painted some in kitchen. Ethan plowed garden, had Prince. Brown, Hank and Arthur Arms came over. Will Plank came home in night.

May 5 – Pleasant morning. At home all day.

May 6 – Planted potatoes. Carried my plow down to A. Browns. Sent my photo to Patty.[57] Got potatoes of A. Brown.

May 7 – Cloudy. Went over to burg to see Mr Tousley to let him have some cornground to plant. Went up to Mr Ridlers. Jason Durgy came over and took it. Bot onion seed. Mrs Mason here and Deacon took tea.

May 8 – Put up old log in south lot, set steaks for gate posts. Nancy and Hannah went down to Skinners.

May 9 – Rained some in morning, windy. Sowed onions out by Barn. Ethan and girls went over to burg. Went and got Will Planks trunk.

May 10 – Sowed corn East of currant bushes. Sarah went down to Catharines with Mart, Lucy sick.

May 11 – Ethan and Will Plank went to Kalamazoo. Rainy day. I worked on sulky thill, repaired vice, cut the nut open and put it together.

May 12 – Cloudy and cool. Went down to Catharines in afternoon. Nancy & Hannah went down. Sarah came home.

May 13 – Cloudy and cool. Pulled stumps in south lot. Jason Durkee commenced plowing. Ethan and Will went fishing. Doc Babcock came up here to buy the farm.

May 14 – Got a few stone of the south lot. Ethan and I planted corn for A Brown in after­noon. Edwin Flanders[58] and Arthur Arms helped. Will Plank planted for Erastus Town.[59]

May 15 – Rained some in Morning. Will Clark[60] here. Put sulky thill together.

May 16 – Repaired fence up by the woods. Went up to Chapins to see my place. Chapin had cut all the large timber off.

May 17 – Shelled seed corn. Drawed of some stumps from plowed ground. Ethan plowed some for A Brown.

May 18 – Went to Kalamazoo to see Doc babcock. Rained. Jo Lee went down with me. Jesse Earl[61] went down after some long timber. Wes went down.

May 19 – Went down to Catharines after Nancy. Mary Plank went along. Jack Bristols little girl[62] buried to day.

May 20 – Rainy in forenoon. Dell Skinners Horses run a way. A man and woman came here, they was with Dell. No one hurt. Ethan and I and Jim helped A. Brown plant in afternoon. Durgy commenced marking corn ground.

May 21 – Cloudy morning. Put front on Skinners buggy. Durgy commenced planting corn. Catharine and Lucy came up here. Rained in night. Painted Sulky thill.

May 22 – Rainy morning. Rained all day. No work.

May 23 – Painted sulky wheels. Durgy finished planting corn. Took calf down to Catharines. Rained some in night.

May 24 – Chored around. Went up in woods, got some steakes. Lois and Sate[63] here. Jim and Will went down to Skinners stayed all night.

May 25 – I went to Kalamazoo. Lois went down. Jo Lee went along. Jim and Will went down to Catharines stayed all night. I went to Martin Turners.[64] Went down to see Doc Babcock. Ida Barber[65] came over stayed all night.

May 26 – Pleasant morning. At home all day. Had a shower in night. Saw the prettiest rainbow I Ever saw just at night.

May 27 – Built fence up side hill side of corn. Ethan set some cabbage plants.

May 28 – Fine morning. Will Plank washed my sheep. Ethan and Will went to Kalamazoo. I got bushel potatoes of A. Brown. Cut some stakes to stake fence.

May 29 – Pleasant morning. Cut some stakes, repaired fence in front of house. Ethan carried Will Plank up to Erastus Towns. I painted sulky some.

May 30 – Not very well. Picked up some things in shop. Moved stove back.

May 31 – Planted beans and some potatoes, hoed some potatoes, planted over some corn where the hens scratched it up. Mart and Lucy called here. Ethan, Sarah and Nancy went over to burg in Evening to concert.

Jun 1 – Picked potatoe bugs in forenoon. Rained in afternoon. Went down to Catharines stayed all night.

Jun 2 – Went up and got Jo Lee. Stayed until night, came home.

Jun 3 – Picked potatoe bugs in forenoon. Made Dels whiffletrees[66] in afternoon.

Jun 4 – Picked potatoe bugs in forenoon. Ethan drawed wood. Mr Allen called here. Went down and got Jo Lees old buggy. Jo came home with me stayed all night. Aunt Norma Coe[67] died this morning.

Jun 5 – Fixed Lois table in fore noon. Went down to Skinners in afternoon to raising. Carried Jo Lee home. Warm day.

Jun 6 – Smoothed of my stand. Read a letter from Mark. Rained in night.

Jun 7 – Rebecca had a fit this morning. Some rainy. Worked on road in afternoon. Had a shower. Will Plank came home. Cow calved in night.

Jun 8 – Cloudy and some mist. Worked on road. Warm day. J. Earl, Hat Taylor, O. D. Schram, S. Thomas, C. L. Keith, E. B. Keith.

Jun 9 – Warm day. At home. Ethan and Carry and sis went down to Catharines. Mart and Hannah came up here.

Jun 10 – Rainy. A. Brown brot his buggy up to be repaired. Worked on A Browns buggy. Conklin Smith came here stayed all night.

Jun 11 – Put hind Ex to Browns buggy. Jo Lee, Mr Hall and Alvin Lee[68] called here. Ethan went down to Marts to cultivate corn. Had a shower in Evening. Mrs Allerton visiting Mrs Plank.

Jun 12 – Finished A Browns buggy, put in forward Ex. Mr Allen called here. Del and Lois called here brot some milk.

Jun 13 – Rains like fun some thunder. Took Jo Lees buggy to peaces. Rained hard most of the forenoon. Ethan came home. Mart and Wes Stowell caled here. Hank Brown took the buggy over to burg. Got it finished.

Jun 14 – Fine morning. Picked potatoe bugs most of the day. Mrs Skinner, Lois and Sate here. Ethan got his boots fixed to day 2.50. Mrs. Ripley Cummings[69] Buried to day.

Jun 15 – Worked round shop. Varnish Lois table stand &c.[70] Went down to Jo Lees stayed all night.

Jun 16 – Went down to Catharines and over to Chancy Beckwiths, came home.

Jun 17 – Warm day. Went to Kalamazoo with Ethan. He commenced work for the Grand Rapids and Indiana RR Company. Drew on order on town treasurer $.90.50 cts for District No 7.

Jun 18 – Hoed in garden some. Mrs Brown and Jule[71] here.

Jun 19 – Martin Turner here. Went up to Jesse Earls and down to Catharines. Sarah stayed down there.

Jun 20 – Mr Allen sheared sheep. Very hot day. Got letter from Ethan. Sheared sixteen sheep. Mercury 100 and in sun.

Jun 21 – Made standard for shovel plow for Mart Milham. Extracted one tooth for Mr Youngs. Very hot day, Mercury 83 in shade. Went down to Catharines to carry Ethans pants. Hannah came home. John Sherman paid one dollar for Buckwheat. Coburn commenced plowing East lot.

Jun 22 – Very hot 87 Abz. No work, headache. Hoed some onions.

Jun 23 – Went down to Kalamazoo to carry Ethan some things. Found him feeling very well.

Jun 24 – Plowed out potatoes and corn East of barn and gardens, hoed some. A Brown paid 2.00.

Jun 25 – Went over to burg in morning to see about wool. Went down to A. R. Skinners, Lois sick. Got woolbox went over to burg in Evening. A. R. paid 75 cts. Nancy bot dress.

Jun 26 – Working around garden some. Carried Nancy down to A. R. Skinners.

Jun 27 – Picked potatoe bugs. Jo Lee here all day. Mart came up just at night.

Jun 28 – Went over to burg carried corn and wheat for Mrs Plank. Mr Plank got home in Evening.

Jun 29 – Went over to burg. Got Mr Planks truck and grist. Went down to Catharines, carried some things for Ethan. Eb and Harry here. Coburn plowing.

Jun 30 – At home. Very hot day. Went in swimming. Mr Plank and Jim went in.

Jul 1 – Turned 3 pins for J. Allen, three for A. Brown. I tied up my wool had 78½ lbs by my weight.

Jul 2 – Lois came home. Del sowing Buckwheat. Went over to the burg. Very hot 97 Abz in shade 11 oclock AM. Mr Chancy Beckwith[72] Buried.

Jul 3 – Went over to burg sold my wool 60 pr pound 45.00. John Shermans man got Buckwheat one bushel and half 10/-. Went to Kalamazoo to see Ethan. Let him have $2.00. Had a fine shower. Sol Youngs here.

Jul 4 – Went down to Streators with Wesley got three bushels wheat. Carried Browns wool box home. Sis and Beca went down to Skinners. Paid Mr Streator 2 two Dollars. Ethan came home in Evening.

Jul 5 – Warm morning. Went down to river got two barrels water for Mrs Plank to make soap. Went over to burg after potatoes, bot fish. Carried Ethan to Kalamazoo in afternoon.

Jul 6 – Warm morning. Repaired Reel to Skinners Reaper. Mr Right called here. Mr and Mrs Warren Brown here to Mr Planks. Went over to Burg in Evening. Bot ½ bushel potatoes 3/-.

Jul 7 – Warm morning. At home all day. Very dry. James Stowel buried to day.

Jul 8 – Went down to Skinners to get him to cut my grass. Went up to Wesleys. Mr Allerton commenced cutting wheat. Mr Plank to work for him. Hot day 95 in shade.

Jul 9 – Skinner cut my grass. Went over to burg at noon and in Evening went down to M. O. Streators after rake. Raked some hay.

Jul 10 – Finished raking hay. Took rake down to Streators at noon drawed in three loads hay. Ethan came home from Kalamazoo. Hot day.

Jul 11 – Finished drawing hay. Jo Lee here. Very hot day 101 in shade 116 in sun. Will Plank worked for Mr Imus[?].

Jul 12 – Turned six pins for Mr Allen. Went to river got water to wash with. Mr Plank and Will to work for Allerton. Very hot 95 in shade. Sis and Jim went up to Mr Streators woods after berries.

Jul 13 – Warm and dry. Put one felloe[73] in my wagon. Ethan and Nancy and Jim went to Kalamazoo. Had Mr Schrams buggy. Hannah came home with them. Mercury 99 in shade.

Jul 14 – Warm morning. Ethan went down to Catharines stayed all night.

Jul 15 – E went to Kalamazoo to get his pay. Hot day 99 in Shade. I commenced cutting wheat on hill. Had a shower in afternoon, had a heavy Shower in Evening while I was after the cows. Ethan got home. Turned six pins for A Brown.

Jul 16 – Cut wheat cut 100 Bundles. Ethan worked for A. Brown. Sarah had $.00 ten Dollars.

Jul 17 – Turned Seven pins for Mr Allen this morning paid him two Dollars $2.00 cash.

Jul 18 – Went down to river got water to wash. Went over to burg got shugar & tea. Went down to Skinners to help him draw wheat, no help him. Jim fell and hurt him. Mr & Mrs Henry Clinton came down here. Hat and Libby Taylor here. I went up to David Bronsons got one galon wine. Sold the Calf to Mr Hicock for 5 five Do.

Jul 19 – A. Brown drawed his wheat in to my barn. Finished drawing pit.

Jul 20 – Went over to burg in morning got Nails. Put ridgeboards on South part of house. Had a shower in Evening. Will, Mary and Carry came home.

Jul 21 – At home all day. Catharine and Hannah came up just at night. Cows laid out to night.

Jul 22 – Went over to burg bot gloves 60, bot Catharine shoes 2.00. Ethan work for N. L. Randal. Put boards on house. Went over to burg bot gloves 60. Went down to Catharines, Sarah stayed. Will Clark went with me. Had a rainy night.

Jul 23 – Rainy morning. Lois came home. Made pig yoke. Mr Plank had Bill to go to burg. Uncle Pete Johnson[74] came over here to see stove. Turned ball club for Will Clark and seven pins for Mr Allen.

Jul 24 – Cloudy. Commenced shingling west side of house. Put bell on cow. Went over to burg in Evening bot three bunches shingles $3.18, one pair of shoes for sis 1.75. Saw Dick Blackburn.

Jul 25 – Finished Shingling the west side of house about noon. Rainy afternoon.

Jul 26 – Put arm on Jo Lees buggy seat. Went over to burg in Evening, got Catharines glasses. Ethan went down to Dels got some apples.

Jul 27 – Went down to Catharines after Sarah. Mart finished drawing wheat. Mr. D. A. Mc Cullom[75] buried to day. Chan Rittaker at Kalamazoo.

Jul 28 – Went down to Jo Lees and Skinners, carried Lois some wine.

Jul 29 – Headache, no work to day. Hot day.

Jul 30 – Jo Lee came up here. Old Mr Williams[76] buried to day.

Jul 31 – Went to Kalamazoo to see Hibbard, no see him. Rebecca Plank went down to Catharines. Bot Set teaspoons $2.62 cents.

Aug 1 – Drawed some wood. Went up to Raymonds old place to see Mr Hall.

Aug 2 – Worked on Jo Lees buggy box put on sid and End, made Standards to dash. Ethan worked for A Brown. Paid Obe Williams Sixty 63 three Dollars. Fanny Town very sick.

Aug 3 – Worked on dash some. Went down to Jo Lees stayed all night. Went down to Catharines Mr John Milham there came I. D. L. Schram[77] repaired fence round School yard.

Aug 4 – Went down to Catharines. Mr John Milham[78] there. Came home in Evening.

Aug 5 – Put Dash on Jo Lees buggy. Had a heavy shower in afternoon. Wm Ralph and wife and Father[79] came in and stayed through the shower.

Aug 6 – Went to Kalamazoo to see Hibbard and Bruce, all gone from home. Ethan went down to Marts to work.

Aug 7 – Finished Jo Lees dash, put the box on to the gearing, painted some. Jo here went down to Wolcots after the cows. Received a letter from Mark Lee.

Aug 8 – Hot day 95 Abz. Fanny Town some better. Headache, no work. Sarah went over to Barbers in Evening stayed all night.

Aug 9 – Worked on Joes buggy, puttyed up nail holes &c hoed some turnips. Went down to Dels after corn. Went over after Sarah in Evening. Fanny Town very comfortable this morning.

Aug 10 – Painted Jo Lees buggy. Mr and Mrs Riley Bennet came here. Stayed here all night.

Aug 11 – Bennets folks here. Killed two hens. Rained some in afternoon.

Aug 12 – Went to Kalamazoo, went to George Turners,[80] Sarah went had Schrams buggy. Had a heavey shower in night. Saw Bruce Hibbard, Hicock, Doc Finch.

Aug 13 – Rainy took sulky over to burg. Went down to Skinners helped At home all day. Took sulky over to burg.

Aug 14 – We Went down to Skinners in fore noon.

Aug 15 – Went up to gull Prarie to see Mr Wood to sell him the Bristol place. Ed Childs came here in night. Hicock got four sheep paid ten Dollars. Put Cow in Browns lot. Edna Crawford[81] came here.

Aug 16 – Ed Childs went over to burg, carried corn to mill, brot sulky home. Got strap 50. Went down to Catharines after Ethan and Hannah. Henry came home to day.

Aug 17 – Went up to Chapins. Saw Mr Wood made a trade with him. Not very well. Nancy and Edna went over with me. Rained in night.

Aug 18 – Cloudy morning. Killed Bob.[82] At home all day.

Aug 19 – Harry Streator[83] got sulky this morning. Edna went home. Ethan and Hannah went down to Catharines.

Aug 20 – Sarah went down to A Browns. Made wheel to wheelbarrow. Mr Wood and Pain came over here. No trade. Mercury 97 in shade.

Aug 21 – Very hot. Painted wheel, three chairs and one pail. Went over to burg in Evening. Sis and Becca went. I paid Doc Merrill Six Dollars.

Aug 22 – Hot. Painted chair bottoms, wheelbarrow wheel. Went down to Skinners in Evening. Hank and Frank had a runaway, broke Streators Sulky. Smash him up generaly some.

Aug 23 – Went over to Chapins and B. Vosburgs. Mr Wood and John Pain Came over, made bargain for Bristol place. Repaired saw frame for A. Brown 25.

Aug 24 – At home all day. Jo Lee came up got his buggy. Sate Skinner here. Schram thrashed his wheat had 2.25 bushel.

Aug 25 – At home all day. No one here.

Aug 26 – Not much work to day. Skalawag came here stayed all night. Had a nice shower. Got Schrams buggy.

Aug 27 – Went to Kalamazoo. Sold Bristol place to Benjamin Wood for $1000. Paid Chapin 50, paid Kirby $4.34.36 four hundred and Paid Lucy $100. Tom Meeker Died this morning.

Aug 28 – Cool and cloudy in morning. Put up some fence south of orchard. Tom Meeker buried.

Aug 29 – Rainy morning. Went over to burg bot sis Dress. Jo Lee came up here. Mrs George Blake Died this morning.

Aug 30 – Pleasant and cool. Lois came home. Mr Schram got Bill to go to Wakeshma. I cut some wood sawed five logs. Mr Plank helped T. Ford thrash.

Aug 31 – Pleasant morning. Painted over to Mr Towns in forenoon, painted dining room. Mr Schram brot Bill home about dark. Henry Came home stayed all night.

Sep 1 – Went down to Catharines after Ethan. Ethan and Hannah came up with Marts team. Mr Gould Richardson Died.[84]

Sep 2 – Steamer came here to thrash. Fiered up just at night.

Sep 3 – Finished thrashing about ten oclock forenoon. Fine day.

Sep 4 – Went down to Jo Lees stayed all day. Catharine came with Mrs Youngs. Sick.

Sep 5 – Mr Randal thrashed S. Steamer machine.

Sep 6 – Went over to burg after Nancy then went down to Skinners. Got one bushel peaches. Carried Nancy down to Catharines to go to Vicksburg. Edna Nichols[85] died to night.

Sep 7 – Came back. No work to day at home. Made bow to oiles poke.

Sep 8 – At home not well. Ambros and Tild[86] came up here. Cut big watermelon. Edna Nichols buried to day.

Sep 9 – At home all day. Pulled some beans.

Sep 10 – Worked round house and garden.

Sep 11 – Got in beans and sowed corn. Henry came down. Went up to Schrams got buggy. Had a fine shower.

Sep 12 – Henry and I Started for Deerfield. Some rainy. Stoped in Kalamazoo. Bot hat 2.00, bot blouse 2.00. Went to Carolines stayed all night. Rainy day. Went over to burg in morning. Bot vest 2.50.

Sep 13 – Left Carolines for Oscars.[87] Fine day. Got to Oscars about four in afternoon. Found them well.

Sep 14 – Paid Oscar $300.00 three Hundred Dollars. Paid Alfleda 300.00 one Hundred Dollars $100.00. Henry Meridith went down to the Lake. Oscar and Mary Ann[88] went to Coloma.

Sep 15 – Started for home. Stoped to Glyttenberg with Schuyler Harris. Found them well.

Sep 16 – Left for home, got home about seven in Evening all right.

Sep 17 – Went down to Skinners after sleeve pattern for Hannah. Durgy cutting corn. Had a shower.

Sep 18 – Went down to Kalamazoo after Nancy. Had a hail storm. Stayed to George Turners all night. C Stephen Wilcut[89] stayed here all night.

Sep 19 – Came home to day. Went down to A Browns in Evening to A spiritual Circle.[90]

Sep 20 – Went over to burg to mill. Mr Rickey buried to day.

Sep 21 – No work to day, not very well. Went over to burg just at night, bot broom. Went down to A Browns in Evening, attended a circle. Rained in night. Mr Hudleston Shot this afternoon.

Sep 22 – Not very well. Ethan came up after Hannah. Went down to A. Browns in Evening to attend a circle. Mrs Plank went. Rainy night.

Sep 23 – Commenced my vice. Jo Lee came up here. I went over to burg with him. Mr Planks folks had company, Mr Wordswoorth and wife. He played and sung in Evening.

Sep 24 – Went down to Skinners, got some peaches. Mr Wadsworth left. Ethan came up after Sarah, Toots[91] baby[92] sick. Hank Brown and Farland called here, was here to tea. Rainy afternoon. Farland went to see Jim Hoag. Hank, Nancy, Ida and Farland went to W. Judsons.

Sep 25 – Will Plank left for Grand Rapids. Worked on vice some. Very windy. Sarah Turner and Georgie[93] came here. Cow went to Bull. Lucys baby died fifteen minutes to seven.

Sep 26 – Very windy morning. Ethan brot Sarah home. Finished my vice.

Sep 27 – Went down to Catharines. Lucys baby buried. Carried Sarah Turner down to Mr Davis. Had A. Browns buggy and our horse.

Sep 28 – Carried Sarah down to A Browns. Cut weeds in west garden, cut popcorn, dug a few potatoes. Went down to A Browns after Sarah. Rained some, rainy night, very windy.

Sep 29 – Rainy day, cold wind. Ethan brot Nancy and Hannah home. Very rainy.

Sep 30 – Cool, cloudy and some misty. Pared one bushel apples. Went up in woods. Split five logs for wood. Mrs Allerton visiting Mrs Plank.

Oct 1 – Cloudy and cool, some rain in morning. Went over to burg. Sarah & Mrs Plank went, came back. Jo Lee came up. Nancy and I went over to burg, saw Comodore Foots carriage and poneys. Lois came home. Jim went up to Wesleys stayed all night. Paid I. D. L. Schram 45 cents.

Oct 2 – Drawed 4 loads wood. Jim up to Wesleys cutting corn. Will Clark came down here. Put cow in lot south orchard. Henry called here. Went down to Browns in Evening.

Oct 3 – Cloudy not very cool. Round home all day. Warm and pleasant.

Oct 4 – Went over to burg to see Barber about cutting buckwheat. Loyd Higgins came over with me. Went down to Marts after Ethan.

Oct 5 – Went to Kalamazoo to get some cutter shoes, got none. Nancy and Hank Brown married to night Rev Mr Day married them.

Oct 6 – Rainy morning. Higgins here at home all day. Rainy some.

Oct 7 – Ethan and Loyd gone to Kalamazoo with A. Brown. Jim Millham brot his wheels here to be rimmed.

Oct 8 – Went to Kalamazoo with A Brown. Loyd went to give in his testimony. Bot steel for cutter shoes and linament. Fine day. Barber and Durgy cutting Buckwheat.

Oct 9 – Pleasant morning. Loyd Higgins gave one silver Dollar. He and Ethan went over to burg. I rimed one wheel for Jim Milham. Durgy boys husking corn.

Oct 10 – Cloudy. Barber and Durgy cutting Buckwheat. Ethan and Loyd gone to Streators, Flander and Skinners. Jo Flanders[94] brot some peaches.

Oct 11 – Loyd Higgins Started for home. Ethan went over to burg. I pounded out specled beans. Barber and Durgy cutting Buckwheat. Fine day. Boys husking.

Oct 12 – Went down to Catharines stayed all night.

Oct 13 – Helped Jo Lee move some things and came home. Snowed some

Oct 14 – Pleasant day. Will Plank came home badly hurt. Had his hand took of smashed coupling cars. Nancy moved over to Burg. Bot halter strap 40 cents.

Oct 15 – Carried my cutter over to burg to be Ironed. Mrs Dick Barber here. Barber and Durgy thrashed Buckwheat in afternoon. Paid G. A. Lockhart ten Dollars towards Ironing Cutter.

Oct 16 – Carried Sarah down to A. Browns. Durgy & Barber thrashed Buckwheat cleaned up 17½ bushels. Fine day.

Oct 17 – Carried Sarah over to burg to Nancys. Barber & Durgy thrashing buckwheat. Some smoky. Went over to burg in Evening. Bot some cranberries. Got Sis shoes mended.

Oct 18 – Barber & Durgy thrashing Buckwheat. Fine day. Worked round barn and house. Huron Arms and Ida here to Planks in Evening.

Oct 19 – Made Nancy moulding board. Made lever for Mart. Went down to Marts, Sis and Cary Plank went with me. Warm and dry. They finished on the Buckwheat, had 59 bushels.

Oct 20 – Fine morning, pleasant. Ethan came home. Eb and Nell called here.

Oct 21 – Repaired camry for Hank. Dug some potatoes, drawed some corn. Warm day. John Sherman drawed Plank some wood.

Oct 22 – Dug some potatoes. Mr Wm Johnson drawed Mr Plank load wood. Went over to Nancys in Evening. Warm day, very dry and smoky.

Oct 23 – Fine day. Dug potatoes in west garden. Tild and Jule here in afternoon. Went up to sawmill got some bar posts. D. Bronson there. P. T. Barnums Show at Grand Rapids to day.

Oct 24 – Went to Kalamazoo to see P. T. Barnums show. Fine day. A big croud there.

Oct 25 – Dug potatoes. Fine day. Finished West garden.

Oct 26 – Rainy day. Went over to burg after Nancy. Made some bars to go into Cornfield, put them up just at night. Got wet.

Oct 27 – Pleasant day. Nancy and Hank went down to Browns. Tip, Ras, Yarsky and Totty there or Expected there. Durgy husked corn. Fine day.

Oct 28 – Nice day. Finished digging potatoes, had about 20 bushels. Sis started for Catharines, went as far as Lois.

Oct 29 – Pleasant morning, no frost to hurt any thing. Mrs Plank paid 5.00. Bot shugar, one pr gloves .75 75 cts. Jim husked corn for N. L. Randal.

Oct 30 – Carried Sarah and Mrs Plank down to Skinners. Moved corn in cornhouse. Rainy afternoon. Went down to Jacksons after Sarah and Mrs Plank. Rained like fun. Jim husked for N. L. Randal. Becca husked for Allerton.

Oct 31 – Firing Salutes in town this morning, Colfax Speaks there. Carried Mrs Plank over to take cars for Kalamazoo. Carried some new corn over for sarup. Went down to Catharines. Went over to burg in Evening after Mr Planks folks about ten oclock.

Nov 1 – Went over to burg, got some sarup ground. Bot Jims Boots 3.00. Jim went down to Catharines. Went up to Schrams to Raising, raised his Barn. Went over to Barbers in Evening with A. Browns folks. Some rain.

Nov 2 – Cloudy and cool morning. Went over to Burg. Sis went over to Nancys. Got in one load corn in afternoon. Rained quite hard. Mrs Plank went down to T. Fords. Mr Plank killed a pig. Youngones all away from home.

Nov 3 – Cloudy morning. Unloaded load corn. Went down to Catharines. Henry went with me. Ethan and Catharine came up. Rained a very little, cool.

Nov 4 – Pleasant morning. Drawed one load corn in afternoon. Rainy. Boys finished husking to day.

Nov 5 – Rainy day. Went to Election, Greley and Grant[95] run the heat.

Nov 6 – Got my peach blow potatoes down from south lot. The boys got the last of their cornfodder away. Snowed some in night.

Nov 7 – Snow about ¼ of an inch deep.

Nov 8 – Drawed pumpkins, some fodder. Fine day. Went over to burg just at night.

Nov 9 – Hung ax and filed saw for Del Skinner, filed saw for A Caywood, finished blocks for Theodore Earls Saw. Mrs Freeer[96] Buried to day.

Nov 10 – Fine morning. Went down to Catharines. Got Marts trowel.

Nov 11 – Cut some wood and drawed it. Fine warm day. Went over to burg in Evening.

Nov 12 – Trimed orchard some. Fine day. Dug a few potatoes in south garden. Jo Lee here. Had Smith Carletons buckboard. Harvey stayed here all night with Jim.

Nov 13 – Cool morning, some wind. Round home. Went down to Catharines. They all came up here in Evening, had a time.

Nov 14 – Went over to burg in forenoon. Eugene Crawford[97] came here. Stoped up cellar windows. Cold wind. Filed buck Saw for A. R. Skinner.

Nov 15 – Went down to Catharines with Eugene. Snowed and blowed like fun. Hannah came home with us. Snow fell about 4 inches.

Nov 16 – Pleasant, sun came out, snow fell about 4 inches. Carried Sarah and Hannah and Eugene over to Nancys. No snow to day.

Nov 17 – Mart and Ethan came up home. Eugene here.

Nov 18 – Eugene left for Dowagaic. Cleaned out Hen house. Mr Allerton drawed some wood for Mr Plank. He asked me about the hogs, did Mr Brown say any thing about the hogs before the trial commenced. I think not. He says we stood by the gate talking, heard the hogs and I started to go to home and Mr Brown followed an we saw the hogs in my lot. This is what he says to day.

Nov 19 – Cloudy and cold at [incomplete entry]

Nov 20 – Went over to burg got my cutter. Paid Lockhart 3.00 three Dollars.

Nov 21 – Cut and drawed some wood. Ethan went to Kalamazoo. Went over to burg with Sleigh the first time.

Nov 22 – Went over to burg. Bot oil for machine 20. Carried Sarah down to A. Browns. Snows some.

Nov 23 – Went to Kalamazoo with A. Brown to see Hickox about my sheep. Says he dont want them, says I had better sell them if I can. Went and saw Sherwood, Browns lawyer. Snow about gone.

Nov 24 – Quite warm wind in South in morning. Went down to Catharines. Catharine came home with me. Harry Streator came and got money of Ethan.

Nov 25 – Snow all gone. Put turnips in cellar. Went down to Marts. Cold wind.

Nov 26 – Went up to Wesleys. Pleasant day Sarah and Catharine went over to Nancys. Ethan and I cut some wood. Bill began to cough.

Nov 27 – Cold wind but pleasant. Dell Skinner got sheep. Paid $10.00. Very cold, high wind. Bill sick.

Nov 28 – Snows this morning. Went up to Wesleys. Snow fell 2 inches. Bill sick.

Nov 29 – Cold, Snowes some. Went up to Jo Flanders. Cold and blustring. Edwin got Home from Chicago. Snow fell 2 inches. Bill geting worse. Horace Greely Died[98] to day.

Nov 30 – Drawed two loads wood, some cornfodder. Went over to burg. Osgood paid $.50.00. Bot syrup 1.10 one galon. Harold and Mrs Gaffing here visiting. Cold day, mercury 8 Above zero. Bill no better. Snow fell 1½ inches.

Dec 1 – Snowey day. Bill no better, dont run at the nose yet. Snow fell 1½ inches.

Dec 2 – Some warmer, some rain in morning, snowey day. Wes brot Catharine down in morning. Snow fell 2½ inches.

Dec 3 – Went over to burg. Got some shugar, nutmeg and cinnamon. Nancy came home with me.

Dec 4 – Went down to Catharines after the Heifer. Not very cold. Mr Latta and Ida Clark[99] came down to Mr Planks in Evening.

Dec 5 – Turned two knobs for Lois stand. Henry came down. Mr Allerton asked about the hogs, what he told me in regard to the hogs. Fine day. Mr Flanders called here left letter for Henry. A. Brown killed his hogs.

Dec 6 – Henry went home. Worked round house and shop.

Dec 7 – Put up stove in South room. Drawed two loads wood, one load cornfodder. Went over to burg in Evening. Got Jim pair suspenders 35.

Dec 8 – Not very cold, snows some in morning.

Dec 9 – Worked round shop some. Cut out boxboards for cutter. Went over to burg in Evening. Ethan went to Kalamazoo to take lesson. Will Plank went to Grandrappids. He got a situation. Very cold, 8 Abz.

Dec 10 – Went over to burg. Carried Will over to go to work. Nancy came over. Lois came home. Skinner paid me five Dollars. Cold, snows some. Paid Wm Schroder five Dollars on Sarahs Account.

Dec 11 – Fine morning, not as cold as it has been. Went over to burg. Lois went over, got some shoes. I bot Lois shoes for Louesa 2.00. Mrs Skinner & Sate here in afternoon. Dell, Henry and Will Harmony and Hank Brown here in Evening. They rode down hill in Evening.

Dec 12 – Pleasant day. Worked round house and barn. Shelled some corn.

Dec 13 – Went over to burg. Carried 3 bushels Buckwheat, 1½ corn. Mrs Plank went over with me. Made box to Jims slead. Hannah got her ring of E. Underwood.

Dec 14 – Pleasant. Cut some wood, drawed one load.

Dec 15 – At home all day. Pleasant day.

Dec 16 – Ethan went to Kalamazoo to take lesson. I mended Mrs Planks teapot, ours and some pans. Planed out boards for cutter box.

Dec 17 – Went up in woods, cut one load wood, got pole to hang hogs on. Went down to A. Browns in Evening. Nancy had a quilting.

Dec 18 – Killed one hog, Mr Plank killed one. Snowey day, Snow fell 3 inches.

Dec 19 – At home all day. Cold. Mr Fitzjerrald moved to Kalamazoo, left some things here. Cold, snowey night, snow fell about five and half inches 5½.

Dec 20 – Put up my hog. Ethan got load wood. Mr Caywood got his bobs. I carried girls to school. Some blustring.

Dec 21 – Went up in woods, cut some wood. Mr Latta came up there, paid Latta $5 five Dollars. Mr Fitzjerald got his things. Went over to burg. Paid my tax 12.57. Very blustring. Mrs Van Vliett[100] died to day. Mercury 2 below zero, cold night. Henry called here got his letter from Buffalo.

Dec 22 – Cold 20 below zero about seven AM, cold and some wind. At home all day. No one here.

Dec 23 – Very cold day, blustring. Carried the girls to school. Ethan gone to Kalamazoo to take lesson. Henry came down in Evening. Cold.

Dec 24 – Cold morning, 27 below zero. Del called here, paid 5.00 five Dollars. He wanted two axhelves. Isaac Schram got hurt by a lim from a tree.

Dec 25 – Cold, no wind, 2 above zero. Went down to Skinners in afternoon, went from there to Catharines, stayed all night. Cold night. Let Del have two Axhelves, hung one ax.

Dec 26 – At Catharines all day. Cold. Mart and Darling cleaned up load wheat. We came home in Evening.

Dec 27 – Cold and pleasant. Dell got two bushels buckwheat. Hung ax for Dell. Charley Smith here with him.

Dec 28 – Went over to burg. Received one Hundred Dollars of Township 100 treasurer. Paid Myron Latta $35 thirty five Dollars. Henry came down after Ethan. He went up to Mr Flanders stayed all night.

Dec 29 – At went up to Wesleys after Lou Hannah went over to burg after Louesa. Dell and Lois came here. Ethan and Hannah went down to Catharines. Snow fell one inch. Dow Haines got my melodian.

Dec 30 – Snowey day. Sawed out sills for my cutter box. Snow fell 2 inches. Ethan went to Kalamazoo. There was a dance up to Mr Riddlers.

Dec 31 – Dressed out sills for cutter boddy. Edwin Flanders here to see about cupler. Dell and Lois went to Lima.

——-

[1] Known better, and referred to, as Luke

[2] His son, Ethan Keith

[3] His sister, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee

[4] Alfleda (Starr) Keith, widow of his late brother, Harvey Keith

[5] Ambrose Brown, neighbor and father of Henry Brown, daughter Nancy’s future husband

[6] Neighbor, Marius O. Streator

[7] Galesburg, Michigan

[8] Daughters of neighbors William & Harriet (Groat) Plank

[9] His youngest son, James Clinton Keith

[10] His daughters

[11] John Wesley Keith, his adopted brother

[12] Henry (Hank) Brown. Hank marries Nancy in October

[13] Martin Milham, Lucy Lee’s husband. Lucy is Catharine’s daughter

[14] Daughter by first wife, Minerva (Payson) Keith

[15] The son of his neighbors, William & Harriet (Groat) Plank

[16] His third wife, Sarah Crawford

[17] Daughter, Louese

[18] First cousin, Joseph Lee (son of Rhoda (Keith) and Charles Lee)

[19] The daughter of his neighbors, William & Harriet (Groat) Plank

[20] Above zero

[21] Martin and Lucy (Lee) Milham (daughter of Catharine (Keith) Bradley Lee)

[22] Niece (daughter of brother Harvey and Alfleda (Starr) Keith)

[23] Son of Cynthia (Brown) and William Arms. Cynthia was Ambrose Brown’s sister

[24] /- is the symbol used for shilling. A shilling was a coin of Colonial America and varied between 12¢ and 16¢

[25] Luke uses this phrase quite often. The Oxford Dictionary gives its meaning as “vigorously or quickly”

[26] Most likely his daughter and new son-in-law, Lois (Keith) Clark and Adelbert Skinner

[27] James Milham was Martin Milham’s half brother

[28] Jim Milham’s daughter

[29] Willis Brown, Hank Brown’s younger brother

[30] His daughter, known also as Louese or Sis or Lou

[31] Julia (Wood) Bristol (daughter of Simeon & Reliance (Brown) Wood, first cousin of Hank Brown

[32] Ax handles

[33] Neighbors, William & Harriet (Groat) Plank

[34] Two poles between which a horse is hitched to a wagon

[35] His horse

[36] Believe he is referring to his first cousin, Caroline M. (Wolcott) Earl

[37] Neighbor, John Allen, who is mentioned quite frequently as well as some of his children, Byron, Cora, Ida, Libbie and Emma

[38] Isaac Schram, a neighbor

[39] Neighbors, Hetta (Burgess) Ralph and Emaline (Stone) Ralph, the mother and wife of William Ralph

[40] George Clinton Lee Milham, Lucy & Mart Milham’s son

[41] Adelbert Skinner, Lois’ second husband

[42] Believe he is referring to Rebecca Plank, William & Harriet (Groat) Plank’s oldest daughter

[43] Joseph York, husband of Helen (Bradley) York. Helen was daughter of Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee by her first husband, Ethan Bradley

[44] Neighbor, James R. Flanders, age 36, buried in Riverside Cemetery, Charleston, Michigan

[45] Son by his first wife, Minerva (Payson) Keith

[46] His cousin, Marquis de Lafayette Lee, the oldest son of Dr. Ezekiel and Elizabeth (Strong) Lee. The Lees were Mormons and moved to Nauvoo, Illinois, and eventually to the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. Mark stayed behind to run his father’s farm and was living with his aunt, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee. An entry in Luke’s 1870 diary for March 18 states that “Mark and Henry started for Salt Lake in night”

[47] Wood ashes through which water is passed to carry away soluble portions

[48] Florence (Plank) Hansell, age 20, was the daughter of Lewis & Ann (Groat) Plank. Lewis and William Plank were brothers

[49] Cousin (grandson of Charles Lee and Rhoda Keith, by their son Charles and his wife Juliana Davis)

[50] Albert Towne, the father of Charles Towne who would later marry Hannah Keith in 1891

[51] Caroline Plank, the daughter of William & Harriet (Groat) Plank

[52] A search of FindAGrave.com shows that Marvin Babcock died April 23, 1872 and is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery, Kalamazoo, Michigan

[53] Land-plaster, or gypsum, was used as a fertilizer

[54] Apparatus for giving an equal proportion of work to horses in pulling, drawing a load, etc.

[55] Believe he is referring to his cousin, Charles Lee (son of Charles Lee and Rhoda Keith), and Charles’ son

[56] Sister of Charles Towne

[57] His sister, Martha “Patty” Keith Sprague

[58] A neighbor

[59] Erasmus Towne, son-in-law of Ambrose Brown’s sister, Reliance (Brown) Wood. Also referred to as Ras

[60] Grandson, son of Lois (Keith) and her first husband, Byron Clark

[61] Neighbor and “shirttail relative”

[62] Lula Anna Bristol, who was just shy of four years old, the daughter of Jackson & Julia (Wood) Bristol, died May 17, 1872 and is buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan. Julia (Wood) Bristol and Henry “Hank” Brown were first cousins

[63] Del Skinner’s sister

[64] First cousin (son of Asa Turner and Lydia Willcutt)

[65] Neighbor, daughter of Richard & Mary (Knowles) Barber

[66] A horizontal crossbar to the ends of which the traces of a harness are attached. Also known as a swingletree

[67] Don’t know who he is referring to, but often the parents of a husband or wife of a family member, or the parent of a neighbor, were referred to as Aunt and Uncle

[68] His paternal first cousin, Alvan Lee, the son of Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee

[69] Neighbor, Lucy Jane (Kingsley) Comings, died June 12, 1872 and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[70] Etc.

[71] Julia Allen, Matilda (Allen) Brown’s sister. Julia lived with Ambrose and Matilda for 25 years, until her death in 1881

[72] FindAGrave.com shows that Chauncey Beckwith died July 4, 1872 (so couldn’t have been buried on July 2) and is buried in Maple Grove Cemetery, Comstock, Michigan

[73] Felloe or felly – rim, or segment of the rim, of a spoked wheel

[74] A neighbor. Believe Luke used the term Uncle as a sign of respect for an older person

[75] Michigan Death Records at Ancestry.com reveal that David A. McCollum died July 25, 1872 in Comstock, Michigan

[76] A search at FindAGrave.com shows that John W. Williams died July 29, 1872 and is buried at Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[77] Neighbor, Isaac D. L. Schram

[78] Martin Milham’s father’s name was John; perhaps this is him

[79] Neighbors, William & Emaline (Stone) Ralph, and William’s father, George Ralph

[80] His cousin; the son of Jesse & Sally (Davis) Turner

[81] This could be Robert Crawford’s daughter, who was about 17 at the time, or Edwin Crawford’s daughter, who was about 14. Both Robert and Edwin Crawford were Luke’s brothers-in-law

[82] Assume this is one of his farm animals

[83] Neighbor, Henry “Harry” D. Streator, the son of Marius O. Streator

[84] A search of FindAGrave.com (as well as the Michigan Death Records at Ancestry.com) shows that Gould Richardson died September 3, 1872 (not September 1) in Pavilion, Michigan, and is buried in Schoolcraft Township Cemetery, Vicksburg, Michigan

[85] Michigan Death Records at Ancestry.com show that Edna Nichols, age 18, died September 8, 1872 (not September 6) in Charleston, Michigan. She was the daughter of Nelson & Mary (Earl) Nichols

[86] Ambrose and Matilda Brown

[87] Nephew, James “Oscar” Keith, son of Harvey & Alfleda (Starr)

[88] Oscar’s wife, Mary Ann (Batey) Keith

[89] Stephen Hoxie Wolcott, his maternal first cousin

[90] A seance

[91] Nickname for Lucy (Lee) Milham

[92] Johnny Milham, who was born June 27, 1872

[93] His cousin George Turner’s wife, Sarah (Roberts) Turner and their son, George Turner

[94] Neighbor, Joseph Flanders; father of James (see April 10 entry), Edwin (see May 14 entry) & Henry Flanders. After Luke’s first wife, Minerva (Payson) Keith died, Joseph and Amanda (Hobbs) Flanders cared for his son, Henry, for a period of time. The Flanders raised Henry even after Luke married his third wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith. They wanted to adopt Henry but Luke said no; however, it looks like Henry lived with them throughout his youth. This seems to be corroborated by the 1860 census showing “Henry L Flanders,” age 16, (who it is actually believed to be Henry L. Keith), living with Joseph & Amanda

[95] Horace Greeley lost to Ulysses Grant by a landslide

[96] A search of FindAGrave.com reveals that Jane (Hoag) Freer died November 7, 1872 and is buried in Cook Cemetery, Pavilion, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. Her daughter, Luthere A. Freer died February 17, 1872 and is also buried in the Cook Cemetery. Luke mentions in his February 19th entry that the “Freer girl buried”

[97] The son of Luke’s late brother-in-law, Edwin Crawford & Louisa Hall

[98] Horace Greeley, who was devastated by the death of his wife five days before the election (see November 5th entry), died himself three weeks later, just before the electoral college met

[99] The granddaughter of Ira & Angeline Clark, who were the parents of Luke’s daughter Lois’ first husband, Byron Clark

[100] A search of the Michigan Death Records at Ancestry.com shows that Henrietta Van Vleet died December 21, 1872, and the Oak Grove Cemetery records reveal that her maiden name was Lockwood

Luke Keith’s 1870 Diary

1870 DIARY OF CHARLES LUKE KEITH JR.[1]

Jan 1 – At home all day. Cut up my hogs some. Carried Catharine[2] up to Wesleys.[3] Went down to M. O Streators[4] in evening.

Jan 2 – Went down to Jo Lees.[5] Took Nancy[6] down to see the Doctor.

Jan 3 – Went over to burg [Galesburg]. Brot shears home for Dick Blackburn. Mr Ralph paid for bed Bottom[7] $5.00. Bill[8] ran a way with me smashed up the sleigh some. Catharine came back with C. J. Lee.[9]

Jan 4 – Went over to burg. Carried over shears brot home by shears. Lois[10] came home to day. Bot this Diary 40 cts. Cold some snow.

Jan 5 – Went over to burg with Mark.[11] Carried Dicks shears over. Mr. Hawkins choped some wood. Cora Allen stayed here all night.

Jan 6 – Took A Browns[12] spoke irons of some of my sleigh. Not much work to day. Washing day. Cold not much snow.

Jan 7 – Went over to burg got my Boots tapt and Louesas[13] shoes. Some snow. Rode over with H. A. Taylor.

Jan 8 – Went down to M F Lees. Very blustrous. Lois stayed there. Had Jim.[14] Helped Mr Plank load one load hay in morning.

Jan 9 – Cold day. At home all day except I went down to A Browns with Jim horse.

Jan 10 – Cut up my hogs. Ida Clark[15] came here. Hank Brown[16] came home.

Jan 11 – Worked round choring some. Get Jims[17] Boots mended. Lois went to A. Kaywoods.

Jan 12 – Went over to burg with Jo Lee. He left his Bugy here to be repaired.

Jan 13 – Made axhelve for Isaac Schram. Mr Wisemans folks here in evening. Youngones went down to Catharines. No sleighing all ice.

Jan 14 – Put in Browns bugy pole. Hung ax for Schram.

Jan 15 – Very [i]cy. Hawkins choping some. Drawed 3 loads wood in fore noon. Deed coming from Washington.

Jan 16 – Went down to Catharines with Nancy. Had Jim. Rained in Evening.

Jan 17 – Went over to mill. Carried ___ bushels wheat. No work in shop.

Jan 18 – Cold ___ Abz.[18] Mark came up. Sarah[19] went to burg with him. Made _______________________.

Jan 19 – Worked on Browns Exes.

Jan 20 – Worked on Browns Exes.

Jan 21 – Finished Exes. Jo Lee came up here worked on his box put in ____. Ethan[20] went down to Catharines.

Jan 22 – Choped and drawed some wood. Went down to Mr Randalls in Evening. Rainy. Pixley & Grannis at the burg this Evening.

Jan 23 – At home all day. Not very well.

Jan 24 – Finished Jo Lees buggy. Put Browns Exes in. Worked some on moddle. T. Flanders[21] Died in the night.[22]

Jan 25 – Cold no snow. Saw Edwin Flanders[23] this morning. He cam from the County house. Worked on moddle.

Jan 26 – Worked on moddle some. Went over to the County house to T. Flanders Funeral. Snowey day. Sarah and Nancy went down to Catharines with Jo Lee. He got his buggy.

Jan 27 – Finished moddle. Hank Brown went to Marshall with it. Spliced stand leg. Put bottom on Bird cage. Isaac Schram bored hole in his mawl.

Jan 28 – Made wagon pole for M. O. Streator. Put Jims sheep on the trucks. Put hair in violin bow for King. Dick Lamkins here to tea. Moved sound post in his violin.

Jan 29 – Cut & drawed some wood. Went over to burg. Lois came home in Evening.

Jan 30 – At home all day. Mark & Henry Lee[24] here. Sarah came home.

Jan 31 – Worked on cupler most of the day. S. A. Brown[25] here to Tea had no Tea but cider. Ida Barber[26] came over.

Feb 1 – Cold 4 Abz in morning. Mrs Rogers & Sarah[27] here. Worked on wheel.

Feb 2 – Finished rounding felloes[28] on my wagon and painted them.

Feb 3 – Wm G. Springstead called here. Derias and Mary B_____ came here. Drawed in some corn. M. O. Streator got his wagon tong.

Feb 4 – Mary and Derias left for Burlington. Cold morning 19 Abz. Went down to Catharines stayed all night.

Feb 5 – Went to Kalamazoo with Mark and Lucy.[29] Took dinner with Ed Wilcutt.[30]

Feb 6 – At home. Charley Lee here.

Feb 7 – Cut grubs on the line btween my land and Catharines. Mr Hichhock buried to day. Prayer meeting at brother Randals for the benefit of this neighbor hood.

Feb 8 – Carried 3 bushels wheat to mill. Worked around house and barn.

Feb 9 – Went over to burg. Went up to station. Went to Charly Tousleys shop. Put up leach.[31] Willy Bestor[32] Died.

Feb 10 – [illegible]

Feb 11 – Will Bestor buried. Made soap. Nancy went down to Cates in Evening. Hank took her down. Paid S. A. Brown $45.00 Dollars to apply on order. Trimed some trees.

Feb 12 – Cold snowes some. Hank Brown went up to Armes[33] only he did not. Broke spoke out of wheel. I put in one. Fixed sheep shed.

Feb 13 – No snow. At home all day. No one here. Rained some in the night.

Feb 14 – Cloudy looks like rain. Went over to burg. Carried Dick Bottle Cider. Put up Hites[34] potatoes and apple cider &c.[35]

Feb 15 – Made axhelve for I. O. D. Schram. Carried Hites potatoes over to burg. No snow on ground. Mart Milham[36] came up with two horses on buggy.

Feb 16 – Drawed two loads straw from M O Streator. Rufus Taylor got my wagon to go over to Indian Lake fishing. Fine day.

Feb 17 – Choped some wood up in woods. Ethan sick. Snowey and blustering. Dug some sassafras for Ethan.

Feb 18 – Cut some wood and grubs in north west corner of woods.

Feb 19 – Hank Brown brot up 3 saws to file. Got letter from Higgins. Got the old clock cleaned 1.50. Snowey. John Earl and boy here brot violin to be repaired. Lois came home.

Feb 20 – At home all day. Cold at zero. All well as usual.

Feb 21 – Cold 9 below zero. Drawed two loads wood on corn. Went up to H. A. Taylor after thill straps. Young ones all went down to Mrs Skinners in Evening.

Feb 22 – Cold 10 Abz. Some snow on ground. George and Marion[37] came. Catharine and Lucy came with them. Went up to Jo Flanders[38] in Evening.

Feb 23 – Not very cold. George gone up to Wesleys. Sarah, Marion and Lois Went up to Wesleys. I went up in Evening.

Feb 24 – George and Marion went to Brady. I went up to Wesleys. Lost my glasses. Went over to Burg got form for Deeds 50¢ stamp 25¢.

Feb 25 – Went to Kalamazoo to get Deeds $3.00.

Feb 26 – Cut and drawed some wood. Went over to burg. Extracted Tooth for Carry Plank.[39] Extracted two teeth for Hurby Earl 25¢. Mrs Streator, Nell and Harry here in Evening. Rainy Evening.

Feb 27 – Rains some, lots water on ground. Went over to R. G. Smiths to see about Deeds.

Feb 28 – Went over to burg. Sent letter to J. E. Higgins. Mark came after Lois.

Mar 1 – Some snow on ground. Put Eaph Earls[40] violin together. Some wind to day.

Mar 2 – Worked round house. Went over to burg. Got Deeds sent 3 to J Higgins. Got money for _____ purposes 110.21.

Mar 3 – Bent cane for Henry Lee. Eaph Earl got his violin paid 2.00. Party to M. O. Streators, youngones all went.

Mar 4 – Some snow on ground. School closes to day.

Mar 5 – Paid S. A. Brown 63 dollars 54 for last order 9 on the first. Went down to Catharines. Snowed in the night. S. A. Brown stayed here all night.

Mar 6 – Cold 2__ Abz _____. Harry Streator[41] joins the Brick Church to day.

Mar 7 – Went over to Mill. Carried 2 bushels wheat. Cut some wood.

Mar 8 – Went over after my grist. Extracted one tooth for Herb Earl. Filed saw for Spence Thomas. Brot my pole from burg. Henry Lee here to day. Louesa went home with them.

Mar 9 – Worked round house. S. A. Brown left for Chicago. Cut some wood.

Mar 10 – Lewis Planks[42] folks started for Iowa.[43] At home most of the day.

Mar 11 – Went over to Burg got step made for E. Lees[44] cane $.1.00. Bot shoes for Jim 1.75¢.

Mar 12 – Cold and blustrous 20 Abz all day. Snowed in night. Expect Suky left for Chicago.

Mar 13 – Cold 20 Abz lots snow on ground. Went down to Catharines hard going no tracks. Went over to Mrs Cross with Mark to see cow.

Mar 14 – Came home hard walking. Nancy came up with Wesley. Mr & Mrs Plank[45] here in Evening and Mr & Mrs Hawkins.

Mar 15 – Lots snow, snows and blows like fun.[46] Hank Brown and George Sutherland called here. Made plate and cut Dr E. Lees name on it for his cane.

Mar 16 – Cold lots snow 2 Abz. Worked on cupler. Cold. Ethan and Planks al hands went sleighride.

Mar 17 – Worked on cupler. Mark, Mart and Henry came up. Ethan went down to Catharines with them. Traded violin for rifle with Mark. Hank and Dell Skinner[47] went sleigh ride, had Flanders bobs.

Mar 18 – Pleasant morning. Went Down to Marks stayed all night. Mark and Henry started for Salt Lake in night. Charley[48] went to Chicago.

Mar 19 – Called on Charles Lees[49] folks. Very sloppy.

Mar 20 – At home picked up corn in road. Lots water. Nancy went down to Catharines.

Mar 21 – Went down to Catharines with Ethan. Cold. Mart went to Kalamazoo.

Mar 22 – Went over to burg got my boots mended. M O Streator brot wheel here to be mended. David Tomkins stayed all night.

Mar 23 – Pleasant morning. David left. Worked on Hank Browns Boat. Extracted tooth for O. D. Schram.[50] Select[?] party to Planks. Paid John Sherman 22. Dollars and fifty cents for shool wood 22.50.

Mar 24 – Heard first Robbin for the season. Worked on boat and wheel.

Mar 25 – Drove spokes in Streators wheel. Went down to Catharines in afternoon. Hannah[51] went down to Mr T. Fords with Mary Plank.[52]

Mar 26 – Cut out felloes for wheel. Rainy day. Cleaned sewing machine.

Mar 27 – Went down to Catharines. Got some warm shugar. Rainy day.

Mar 28 – Worked on boat some. Put tip on Skinners bugy pole.

Mar 29 – Worked on boat and Skinners whiffletrees.[53] George Sutherland and Hank brown here in Evening. Nancy came home. Jo Lee sick. Mrs Plank here in afternoon.

Mar 30 – Carried Sarah down to Jo Lees. Jo some better. Rained some.

Mar 31 – Worked on boat some. Rainy day. Put boat together.

Apr 1 – Worked on boat. Hank came up. Put boat up.

Apr 2 – Finished boat. Sarah went to burg in Evening.

Apr 3 – Went down to Catharines. Sap run some. Ethan and Mart boiling.

Apr 4 – Hank got his boat. Went over to town meeting. Traded rifle for Marts watch. Pleasant day.

Apr 5 – Carried 300 cucumbers over to burg. Sold to Mr Williams. Cut some wood.

Apr 6 – Made steps to doors and stoop. Cleaned up some round yard. Dance to A. Browns in Evening. Mended up old wheelbarrow.

Apr 7 – Worked round yard all day. Carry Wiseman[54] came home with Sis.[55]

Apr 8 – Worked around yard and shop. Raked up some.

Apr 9 – Work round house and yard. Went over to burg. Hannah went down to Skinners. Jo and Hellen[56] called here.

Apr 10 – Went down to Catharines. Rainy day. Heard from Mark.

Apr 11 – Went to burg in morning. Bot Sis shoes 1.60¢. Came back. Went down to schoolhouse. School commenced. Went over to burg with Mart. Got school money. Bot barrel salt $3.00. David Tomkins stayed here all night.

Apr 12 – Pleasant morning. Drawed corn and worked round yard.

Apr 13 – Finished drawing corn. Trimmed appletrees. Mrs Hawkins here to dinner.

Apr 14 – Burnt apple brush. Cleaned up round yard. Mr Schram called here with a man to look at my place.

Apr 15 – Went down after Ethan. Rainy. Brot home shugar.

Apr 16 – Husked some corn. Went down to school house, moved seats. Stormy day. Got Mr Schrams saw. Snowed like fun.

Apr 17 – Quite pleasant. Snow all gone. At home all day.

Apr 18 – Moved stove in to the kitchen. Sawed some wood in afternoon. Received letter from M. F. Lee.[57] Miss _____ came to night, new teacher came to board.

Apr 19 – Rainy morning. Finished husking corn. Sawed some wood. Coly Durgy and stranger here looking for a farm.

Apr 20 – Made churn dash for Mrs Hawkins. Sawed some wood. Rainy afternoon. Party over to Mr Planks this Evening.

Apr 21 – Sawed wood some, split some.

Apr 22 – Finished sawing up trees. Hat and Elizabeth Taylor here to day. Mrs Plank came over. Lucy came up. Fran calved to day I think.

Apr 23 – Went to Kalamazoo to see Ed. He was gone to Battlecreek. Mr Butler stayed all night. Lois came home. Went up in woods. Got Fran and her calf down in morning. Mr Butler and boy came here.

Apr 24 – Mr Butler here at home all day.

Apr 25 – Mr Butler here, boy sick. Tightened box in one of his wheels.

Apr 26 – Mr Butler left. I went to Kalamazoo. Sarah went to Catharines.

Apr 27 – Spaded up onion bed. Made pitman for A. Caywood in afternoon. Had a shower in Evening. Byron Allen & Hank Childs called here while it rained.

Apr 28 – Cool morning. Filed saw for Mr Sherman. Repaired door at barn yard.

Apr 29 – Ethan went to mill. Henry Lee came here, left bottle painkiller. Cleared out old shop. Pleasant day. Mart called here.

Apr 30 – Chored round. Mr Plank drawed over some hay.

May 1 – Went down to Catharines. Harrison Sprague came here.

May 2 – Went over to Climax and to Dry Prairie with Harrison to find place to start a hardware store. Stayed all night. Ethan commenced plowing.

May 3 – Left Dry Prairie this morning all right. Called on Jesse Turner.[58] Took Dinner. Got home about six.

May 4 – Put out some onions. Plowed some. Commenced plowing on hill.

May 5 – Got Schrams buggy. Went to Kalamazoo to see Ed Wolcot. Del Smith[59] Killed. Warner boy shot him.

May 6 – Took Schrams buggy home. Some rain. Planted corn in west garden. Got potatoes out of cellar.

May 7 – Planted potatoes in west garden. Mrs Wiseman and Carry Ella[60] and Cornells girl over here. Ida barber came over. Uncle Jason[61] Died to day.

May 8 – Pleasant day. Ida Barber here. Not very well.

May 9 – Work round house and garden. Ethan plowing.

May 10 – Ethan plowing. I work hoing garden some.

May 11 – Ethan dragging corn ground. I am sick, no work. Worked some on potatoes markers. Sarah went down to Catharines.

May 12 – Ethan marked out corn ground. Worked some in shop on marker.

May 13 – Got half bushel seed corn of A. Brown. Commenced planting corn. Fine day. Finished planting corn on hill.

May 14 – Planted potatoes in East garden. Sowed beet seed. Ethan & Hannah went up to Jesse Earls[62] woods on river to A picknick in afternoon. Lois came home.

May 15 – At home all day. Fine day. Hannah went down to see Nancy with Harry Streator.

May 16 – Planted potatoes and sowed some corn.

May 17 – Finished sowing corn and sowed buckwheat. Catharine came up. Ethan helped Hank Brown plant corn.

May 18 – Went over to Wakeshma to Jesse Turners. Got there about noon.

May 19 – Started for home after noon. Went to Ed Childs, stayed all night. Had a shower.

May 20 – Started about two PM for home. Ed came down. Got my potato marker to plant his potatoes. Got home about four. Rained in night.

May 21 – Pleasant morning. Set out 88 cabbage plants. Planted beans & coffee peas.

May 22 – At home all day. Not very well.

May 23 – Rainy. Jesse & Sally[63] called here. Set a few cabbage plants.

May 24 – Pleasant. Bill got into planks lot. Got small load hay of M. O. Streator. Not much work done to day. Mrs Butterfield Buried to day.

May 25 – Circus and caravan to Kalamazoo 4. Paws. Went over to Burg.

May 26 – Hoed corn and potatoes in west garden. Mrs Barber[64] and Ida came over here.

May 27 – Cool 52 Abz in morning. Cut up some wood brot down some chips. Jesse Turner and Miss Roberts came here. Catharine, Mart and Lucy went to Wakeshma. Ethan went down to Catharines.

May 28 – Made clout bars in forenoon. Got load chips. Went over to burg sold Jan Hoag 10¾ butter $2.00. Bot Hannah sum shoes $2.00.

May 29 – Fine morning birds singing. Young ones farting and a general time any way.

May 30 – Worked in shop on Mr Shermans wheel. Hot and dry. Ethan plastered corn.

May 31 – Working on road on hill.

Jun 1 – Worked on road finished at noon. Went over to mill in afternoon. Carried 3 bushels wheat. One of the young sheep had a lamb.

Jun 2 – Took tire of my wheels and trimed spokes. A. Brown washed his sheep. Old sheep came down with lamb.

Jun 3 – Jo, Lois and Julia Lee[65] came up. Took my wheels over van set tire. Ethan went to Kalamazoo. Bot charts for school $22.50¢.

Jun 4 – Hoeing some in garden. Carry Wiseman here. Mr and Mrs Wiseman cleaned schoolhouse. Ethan cultivated corn East of barn. Will Clark[66] came home. Had a shower.

Jun 5 – At home all day. Had a shower in morning. Warm day. Harry Streator here to tea.

Jun 6 – Went up to Dick Lamkins and burg.

Jun 7 – Hoed in garden some. Sawed out felloes for Shermans wheel.

Jun 8 – Put rim on Shermans wheel. Finished wheel. Had a fine shower.

Jun 9 – Rained some this morning. _____ _____ buggy spoke put it in all right. Boy stopted here with race horse from three rivers, the Sea Gull. Ethan went down to A Browns after some cabbage plants.

Jun 10 – Put worked on cupler some.

Jun 11 – Worked on cupler. Hoed some in garden.

Jun 12 – Went down to Cates. Fine day. Cate had 10 pigs.

Jun 13 – Rainy day. Finished cupling. Stepen Wilcut and wife[67] came here. Rained all night.

Jun 14 – Rainy morning, rainy day. Stephen and I went up to Uncle Warrens old place.[68]

Jun 15 – Went to Kalamazoo with Stephen. Stayed to Catharines all night.

Jun 16 – [illegible] Ethan cultivated corn. I went over to burg with my cupling.

Jun 17 – Stephen and Cory came here to dinner. They started for home. I went to burg in after noon. Very hot. Went up to Hartwells with Corys shawl.

Jun 18 – Ethan cultivated corn on hill. I hoed in garden. Mr Miner sheared one sheep. Went to burg in Evening. Carried my cupling over. Very hot day.

Jun 19 – Went down to Catharines. Nancy came home. Hannah went down to Catey. Went in swimming.

Jun 20 – Mr Miner sheared my sheep. Hot day.

Jun 21 – Hoed in garden out by the barn and corn west of House. The old hen commenced sitting on 15 Eggs.

Jun 22 – Made calf pen. Made soap and hoed in garden some. Drawed load wood for Hawkins. Dick Lamkins called here. Mr Plank commenced cutting hay.

Jun 23 – Set some tomatoe plants out by hogpen. Dick Lamkins cut grass. Very hot.

Jun 24 – [illegible]

Jun 25 – Finished drawing in hay. Went over to burg. Paid Wiseman 4.00 for cleaning school house.

Jun 26 – At home. Very hot. Jesse Turner and wife[69] here, going to Kalamazoo. Very hot 112 Abz in sun.

Jun 27 – Ethan cultivated potatoes. I hoed some in garden. Very hot. Some showers round in sight, no rain here.

Jun 28 – Ethan cultivated corn some. Had some rain. 118 in sun.

Jun 29 – Chored round. Went over to burg in afternoon.

Jun 30 – Rained some. Ed Childs here to dinner. Ethan went down to Catharines after Hannah. Mrs Covil struck with lightning in Charleston.

Jul 1 – Rainy. Sowed _____ cut and hoed some in garden.

Jul 2 – Went over to burg to mill. Got last of my corn ground. Sold calf to George Whiting. Saw John Winchy[?]. Went down to Catharines. $6.00 for calf.

Jul 3 – Went over to East lake with Mart. Got no fish. Came home in Evening.

Jul 4 – Extracted tooth for Carry plank. Went over to burg. Went over in Evening with Marts team.

Jul 5 – Went over to burg in morning to see the show come in, 4 Paws show in burg. Got pay for calf.

Jul 6 – Cut some wheat.

Jul 7 – Brown here in forenoon with machine. Cut south part. Cradled some.

Jul 8 – Cradled some wheat. Ethan worked for Brown in forenoon. At home in afternoon. Jennie Upjohn[70] Died this morning.

Jul 9 – Finished cutting my wheat. Went to mill in afternoon. Mrs Wiseman rode over with me.

Jul 10 – Pleasant, some wind. Jennie Upjohn buried to day. Went up to Covils with Mart Milham.

Jul 11 – George turner[71] came up here. Went up to Augusta with Mart. Stayed judgment for Milham in favor of P. S. Carmen.

Jul 12 – Sarah went over to Wisemans. Sold my wool to Wm Blass 65 lbs 40 cts pr pound 26.00. twenty six Dollars. Bot poke for Bill.

Jul 13 – Sick all day, no work. Sent cupler to Utica. Some rain.

Jul 14 – Rainy morning. Went over to burg. Took old cow down to Catharines. Got some _____ of Mrs Wiseman. Took old cow down to Catharaines. Not well.

Jul 15 – Rainy morning. Lots wheat out. Mr Plank got two pigs 2.00 Each $4.00.

Jul 16 – Mr Miner got one pig 2.00. Set out wheat, drawed in some wheat.

Jul 17 – Very hot day. Got in all my wheat. Had a heavy shower just at night.

Jul 18 – Not much done to day. Went over to burg. Paid for poke 2.00.

Jul 19 – Went down to Cates. A very hot day. Mart stacked wheat for Mr Carleton.

Jul 20 – Worked some on Charles Lees crutches.[72]

Jul 21 – Worked on crutches. Ethan helped Hank move fence. James Jelley called here. Bot Box pills 25.

Jul 22 – Worked on crutches for C. Lee.

Jul 23 – Went over to burg to mill. Went down to Catharines. Sent after Dr Finch for Hannah.

Jul 24 – Had a fine shower this morning, some hail. Jo and Lois Lee came up here.

Jul 25 – Warm morning. Dr Finch came here to see Hannah. I paid him $5.00.

Jul 26 – Sick, no work. Catharine came up here. Ethan carried Lois down to Catharines. Wesley here to tea.

Jul 27 – Very hot. Andrew Turner[73] and Mary Babcock called here. B. Hartwell called here.

Jul 28 – Mr Riley Bennet called here in morning. Went over to burg in afternoon. Heard from cupling. Jo Lee came up, left his buggy. Del Skinner paid 50. Ethan went Holleberying.

Jul 29 – Jo came up, got his buggy. Ethan went home with him. Doc Finche came up.

Jul 30 – Went to Kalamazoo for B. Hartwell. Expected _____ to have a suit with A. McLary. Adjourned to Aug 29th Monday.

Jul 31 – Fine day. Went up to Schrams. Mr and Mrs Schram went up to [illegible].

Aug 1 – Repaired wheel for Mr Randall. Went down to Jo Lees stayed all night.

Aug 2 – Went down to Charles Lees there to dinner. Had a shower. Came home. Mr Allen thrashed. Ethan helped him.

Aug 3 – Rainy morning. Went over to burg. Not much done.

Aug 4 – Sick all day. Mrs Ralph here. Charles Harris came over here to see Ethan about the Band.[74] Took their first lesson.

Aug 5 – Made wagon Ex for Mr Randall. Ethan helped Mr Randall thrash.

Aug 6 – Thrashed my wheat. Had 40 bushels. Paid $5.25.

Aug 7 – Brother Randal had my wagon to go to church.

Aug 8 – Mr Randal got his wagon. Ethan helped Mr Taylor thrash.

Aug 9 – Went to Kalamazoo. Carried George to see his mother. Mr Schram got felloes and thills[75] for his buggy. Mr Ash Paid one Dollar ____ back yet.

Aug 10 – Charles Lee brot his crutches up. I put ferrels[76] on bottom. Bot box ointment 10¢.

Aug 11 – Worked round shop some. Not much done.

Aug 12 – Put Schrams thills together. Went to mill. Had a hard chill after I got home.

Aug 13 – Sick all day, did not sit up much. George turner came up. He paid 15.00.

Aug 14 – At home all day. Jesse Lee and wife[77] here. George went home with them. I am sick.

Aug 15 – Sick, no work to day. Ethan cut some corn fodder.

Aug 16 – No work to day. Ethan, Hank went over to burg to make out papers for patent.[78]

Aug 17 – Sick, no work.

Aug 18 – Sick, no work.

Aug 19 – Went up to B Hartwells to take a level of river Between bridge and dam.

Aug 20 – No work to day. Ethan and Hank work on jack.

Aug 21 – At home all day. Went up to Jesse Earls in Evening.

Aug 22 – Went to Kalamazoo for Hartwell. No witnesses sworn in the case. Bot cotton cloth 32 yds — pr yard, one whip 35¢, one mule bit 35¢.

Aug 23 – Went over to burg got some medicine of Lou Beckwith, some sage of Mrs Wiseman. David Tomkins came over here bot some thill straps 35¢.

Aug 24 – Sick, no work.

Aug 25 – Sick, no work. Ethan and Hank went to Kalamazoo.

Aug 26 – Went over to burg. Carried Schroders saw over. Went over to Ben Hartwells to see if he could make some cider.

Aug 27 – No work to day. George Turner came up stayed all night. Uncle Pat Hamilton[79] died to day.

Aug 28 – Went down to Catharines with George.

Aug 29 – Went up to Mr Schrams got a few peaches. They were digging a well.

Aug 30 – Went up to Schrams. Not much work.

Aug 31 – Took rims of Schrams wheels. Went over to burg in Evening. George Turner came up.

Sep 1 – Went over to burg in morning. Went down to Catharines. Mart commenced his cider mill. Had a shower.

Sep 2 – Not much don at home all day. Went over to burg.

Sep 3 – Made 31 galens cider. Went over to burg to caucus.

Sep 4 – Went up to Mr Taylors spring. Eberly and Nate called here. Jim sick. Warm day.

Sep 5 – Worked in shop some on wheels. Oscar Keith[80] came here.

Sep 6 – Went over to burg to mill. Went down to Catharines. Oscar started for home. Becky Plank[81] sick in night.

Sep 7 – Worked some in shop. Went up to Mr Kirbys in after noon. Carried some cider up to Schrams. Very hot 94 in shade.

Sep 8 – Work on spokes for Schrams wheel. Ethan cuting up corn. 94 in shade half past ten. Jim sick.

Sep 9 – Worked on wheels some. Cows in Browns lot all day.

Sep 10 – Went down to see Wm Lee.[82] Warm day.

Sep 11 – Went down to Charles Lees, Joes and Catharines. Got 30. Dollars of Wm Lee for six months.

Sep 12 – Worked on wheels some. Mr Plank commenced to thrash. Had Ague[83] some.

Sep 13 – Worked on Schrams wheels some.

Sep 14 – Had ague in afternoon.

Sep 15 – Not much done. Ethan sick to day. Mr Ralphs horses run away with load pumpkins. Mr Schram stoped them just East of My House. Had a nice shower.

Sep 16 – Went over to burg. Had Ague, no work to day. Ethan had a chill.

Sep 17 – Went down and got the old cow. Mr Flanders came home with ten head young cattle.

Sep 18 – Went down to Catharines with George Turner.

Sep 19 – No work to day. Ethan got ague.

Sep 20 – Went over to burg. Old Mrs Signor died 2 oclock this morning. Mrs Signor buried. Cow in Browns lot all day.

Sep 21 – Went over to burg in morning. Band went to Picknick. S. Strubles girl[84] died this morning.

Sep 22 – Sick, no work round house.

Sep 23 – Worked some. Cut some Buckwheat. Worked on wheels some.

Sep 24 – Finished Schrams wheels. Ethan went down to Catharines. Rained some.

Sep 25 – At home. George and I striped some husks for Young Turners bed.

Sep 26 – Set up buckwheat. Went over to burg in Evening.

Sep 27 – Finished cutting and puting up Buckwheat. Fine day. George got ague.

Sep 28 – Ethan cultivated some on hill. I drawed in two loads corn. Mr Schram got his wheels. Mr Elias Sherman[85] Died half past nine this morning.

Sep 29 – Mr Sherman Buried to day. Mr Day preach. Warm and pleasant as June.

Sep 30 – Worked round, husked some corn. Not very well. Ethan gone to the fair.

Oct 1 – Drawed in some corn. Ethan cultivated some. Went over to burg after Louesa in morning. The boys patent papers came to day.

Oct 2 – At home all day. George Turner here all day.

Oct 3 – Round home, not very well. Husked some corn.

Oct 4 – Went to mill. Had a shower. Husked some corn. Drawed in two loads corn.

Oct 5 – Husked corn some. Plowed on hill. dra

Oct 6 – Plowing on hill. Husked some, drawed one load corn. Commenced sowing wheat. Fine day.

Oct 7 – Husked some corn. Finished sowing wheat. Ethan cultivated. Nice day.

Oct 8 – Finished cultivating wheat in fore noon. Husked some corn. Very pleasant day. Jo an Hellen came here.

Oct 9 – Fine day. Joes folks went home. Had oysters for supper. George Turner here.

Oct 10 – Drawed in some corn. Fine day. Drove hogs up to the woods 5 times. Rained in night.

Oct 11 – Rained some this morning. Thrashers went to Browns. Sarah Turner[86] and sister came up. I went over to burg after them.

Oct 12 – Went over to burg. Saw Mr Gillet. Let him have my cupler. The Boys let him have their jack.

Oct 13 – Rainy morning. Went over to burg with Ethan and Hank. They went to play for the _____ fair.

Oct 14 – Rained in morning. Ethan gone to the fair. I drawed lot wood. Pleasant after noon. Sarah here yet.

Oct 15 – Fine day. Sarah Turner went home on the two oclock train. My Birth day 57. Nancy went down to Mr Simmons to stay with Lois.

Oct 16 – Warm and pleasant as summer. Jim Holden and Dan Jacobs called here to see cow. Dr Lamburn came here, stayed all night.

Oct 17 – Lamburn left. Rainy day. Made bottom for A. Browns wagon box. Cut Mary Planks hair. Nancy cut _____ hair.

Oct 18 – Pleasant day. Sarah and Mrs Plank went down to Skinners.

Oct 19 – Finished Browns bottom to his wagon. Commenced raining about noon. Had a wet afternoon. No work.

Oct 20 – Not much done. Carried in my buckwheat.

Oct 21 – Thrashed buckwheat. Ethan picked up apples.

Oct 22 – Finished drawing buckwheat. Thrashed some.

Oct 23 – George came over. Made gocart for George. He went down to Catharines in afternoon. Jo and Hellen there. Pleasant day.

Oct 24 – Pleasant day. Finished thrashing buckwheat. Had about 15 bushels.

Oct 25 – Drawed in corn fodder and popcorn. Husked out popcorn.

Oct 26 – Made bin in cornhouse. Ethan traded horns with Geo Chase. George Turner and and Mr Shafer came over here.

Oct 27 – Moved my bench into old shop. Ethan dug potatoes in East garden.

Oct 28 – Went over to burg. Got mortar at new schoolhouse. Got some sand on hill. George and one of the Masons came over in Evening and put it on Mr Shafer.

Oct 29 – Buried some morter and moved some things. Made Evener for Mr Allens buggy. Went down to Catharines, stayed all night. Had a heavy shower in the night.

Oct 30 – At Catharines. Rainy day. Just saw Mr Withey. Got home after dark.

Oct 31 – Set out six peachtrees and two pear trees. St. Jo[87] man brot them. Paid $3.30 cts.

Nov 1 – Husked corn. Fine day. Drawed in one load. Ethan went over to Mr Chases in Evening.

Nov 2 – Pleasant day. Husked corn. Hank Brown saw Eight wild turkeys.

Nov 3 – Husked corn. Fine day. Drawed in corn and fodder.

Nov 4 – Husked corn on hill. Pleasant day.

Nov 5 – Went to mill and drawed some wood.

Nov 6 – At home all day. Ethan went down to Catharines with Delphia.[88] Mended my gloves.

Nov 7 – Cleared out shop. Ethan carried Lois and Will down to Catharines. Fine day.

Nov 8 – Went to burg to Election. Rainy in fore noon.

Nov 9 – Went over to mill. Carried Mr Hawkins stove over. Got Jims cap. Sharpened two pair shears for R. Blackburn.

Nov 10 – Husked corn some. Fine day. S. Bristol called here.

Nov 11 – Husking corn. Fine day, good weather. Seaman Bristol called here. Went down to A. Browns in Evening.

Nov 12 – Husked corn all day. Sarah went over to burg.

Nov 13 – Sarah and I went over to S Bristols. Pleasant but cool.

Nov 14 – Went over to S Bristols. Pleasant and cool. Drawed in some corn. Snowed in night very little.

Nov 15 – Husked corn part of the day. George Turner came here to supper. Commenced boarding.

Nov 16 – Drawed in corn and cornfodder. Cleared the bot. Snowed like fun.[89] Not very cold.

Nov 17 – Went over to schoolhouse. Got 3 barrels of shavings for Geo Turner.

Nov 18 – Put down floor on back stoop. Seaman S. Bristol called here. Went down to Catharines. Skinners folks here in Evening.

Nov 19 – Went over to Bristols in morning. Georges stoves and lumber came about 2 oclock P.M. Ethan and Nancy went down to Catarines.

Nov 20 – Catharine came up with Ethan. At home all day.

Nov 21 – Catharine went home. I work on partition.

Nov 22 – Working on partition. Pleasant day. Galesburg Band went to Augusta.

Nov 23 – Work on partition. Sarah papered some. Galesburg Band went up to Augusta in Evening. Nice day no snow. Isaac Schram moved his house. Hank and Ethan went to Kalamazoo.

Nov 24 – Pleasant. Ethan and Hank Brown went to Kalamazoo after Turners things. Sarah Turner came here. Had oysters for supper.

Nov 25 – Hung door to closset. Harry Streator here to dinner.

Nov 26 – Put on door casing to pantry door &c.

Nov 27 – At home all day. Pleasant as June mercury 64 Abz. Jo and Lois Lee here. Hat Mead came over. Turner and Hat went up to Earls mill.

Nov 28 – Went up to Bristol place. Fine day. Went over to burg.

Nov 29 – Worked round. Dug out well. Fine day. Band Boys here in Evening. Schram paid $5..10.

Nov 30 – Warm day, pleasant morning. Made platform to Barn well. Went over to Burg with Mr Wright to see Uncle Peat Johnson.[90] Schram and Libby Taylor married,[91] I spec so sum.

Dec 1 – Finished platform. Went over to Burg. Bot Boots 4.75. Fine day, pleasant as June, fine weather.

Dec 2 – Fine day. One oclock mercury 50 Abz. Sarah sold old cow to Johnny Tyson for 40.00 Dollars.

Dec 3 – Made spout for to carry water to barn yard. Pleasant as summer.

Dec 4 – Very pleasant morning, mercury 52 Abz at 9 AM. Had but very little frost yet. 57 at 2 P.M. Ethan and Hannah went down to Catharines. Killed Robert Rooster.

Dec 5 – Husked corn some. Rainy day, warm as April.

Dec 6 – Went over to Burg. Bot Boots for Jim 2.75, one pair for Ethan 5.75, pair shoes for sis.

Dec 7 – Snows some this morning.

Dec 8 – Went down to Catharines after Catharine. She did not come.

Dec 9 – Got in my cabbage. Pleasant 42 Abz at 2 PM. Got some straw over to Planks.

Dec 10 – Pleasant, no snow. Mr Plank went to Kalamazoo with load potatoes for Lyman Gates. Mercury 60 in sun, 45 in shade at 2 PM.

Dec 11 – Went over to burg after Doc Wightman. Snowed some, high wind. Jim sick. Catharine came up here. Snowed like fun.

Dec 12 – Mercury 32 Abz, snow about 2½ inches deep. Jim some better.

Dec 13 – Work round house. Snows some. Ethan went to Augusta in Evening.

Dec 14 – Sarah Turner went back to Kalamazoo. Georgy went with her. Nancy went down to stay a few days. Catharine went up to Wesleys. Jesse Turner 71 years old to day.[92]

Dec 15 – Not very cold, some snow on ground. J. Jackson called here.

Dec 16 – At home all day. Not very cold. Wesleys folks here in Evening.

Dec 17 – Carried Catharine home. Nancy came home. Lois came home with me. Mrs Jacobs Died to day.[93] Very little snow on ground.

Dec 18 – Not very cold. Sarah went over to Mr Jacobs.

Dec 19 – Mrs Jacobs buried to day, funeral 2 oclock. Lois went over to Joes. Snowed some.

Dec 20 – Snows some, snowed all day, snow fell 6 inches.

Dec 21 – Cold 4 Abz. George Turner sent his things back to Kalamazoo. Rufus Taylor carried them. I traded my Rifle to George for his stove.

Dec 22 – Put my bench in house this morning. Snowed ½ inch. Mr Streator got his saw. Joel James[94] came here, stayed all night. Mercury 4 Below zero.

Dec 23 – Mercury 10 Below zero. Joel left. I went over to Burg with him. Cold and some wind.

Dec 24 – Cold 3 below zero. Drawed three loads of wood. Paid N. L. Randal 30 thirty Dollars out of school fund. Paid my Tax 12.18. Snow fell 2 inches in night.

Dec 25 – Cold, one Degree Below zero, snowed some, blusterous day, snow fell, snowed in night.

Dec 26 – Snowd about two inches. Tincured in shop. Moved stove and my chest. Cold and blustring, 2 inches snow. Potter Eldred buried to day.[95]

Dec 27 – 10 Abz. Alfred Signor came over and got my iron carriage for Engine lathe.

Dec 28 – 20 Abz. Worked in pantry. Put up some shelves and base shelf.

Dec 29 – Cold 13 Below zero. Worke in shop some.

Dec 30 – 24 Abz. _____ went to Kalamazoo with A. Brown. Bot stuff for cutter 2.25. Went and saw George Turner.

Dec 31 – Went over to Burg. Got money of town treasurer, paid Miss Lovel 45.00 Dollars out of mill tax. Wesley called here in Evening. Mrs Potter Eldred died this morning.[96]

——-

[1] Known better, and referred to, as Luke

[2] His sister, Catharine (Keith) Bradley Lee

[3] His brother, John Wesley Keith, who, according to the family Bible, was adopted

[4] A neighbor, Marius O. Streator

[5] Joseph W. Lee, his paternal first cousin, the son of Charles and Rhoda (Keith) Lee, and the brother of Charles Lee

[6] His daughter, Nancy Catherine Keith

[7] Luke sold “bed bottoms,” a form of rubberized bedsprings, and was quite often gone for months at a time

[8] His horse

[9] Charles Jedediah Lee, the son of Luke’s cousin, Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee

[10] Lois (Keith) Clark, his daughter by his first wife, Minerva (Payson) Keith

[11] His cousin, Marquis de Lafayette Lee, the oldest son of Dr. Ezekiel and Elizabeth (Strong) Lee. The Lees were Mormons and moved to Nauvoo, Illinois, and eventually to the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. Mark stayed behind to run his father’s farm and was living with his aunt, Catherine (Keith) Bradley Lee

[12] A neighbor, Ambrose Brown, whose son Henry would become the husband of Luke’s daughter Nancy

[13] His daughter, Louese Keith

[14] Another one of his horses

[15] The niece of Lois’ late husband, Byron Clark. She was the daughter of Loren & Amanda (Taylor) Clark

[16] Henry Brown, the son of Ambrose Brown

[17] His son, James Keith

[18] Above zero

[19] His wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith

[20] His son, Ethan Bradley Keith

[21] A neighbor, Thomas Flanders

[22] A search of FindAGrave.com shows Thomas W. Flanders died December 26, 1869 and is buried in Kalamazoo County Poor Farm Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan. While the date does not agree with Luke’s entries, his mention of the “County house” would seem to confirm that this is the same Thomas W. Flanders

[23] Thomas Flanders’ nephew

[24] Believe he is referring to his cousin, William Henry Lee

[25] Believed to be Susie A. Brown, sometimes referred to as Suky Brown and/or Decatur Susie Brown. The September 6, 1869 entry shows that she was the school teacher

[26] A neighbor

[27] Neighbors, Eliza (Beadle) Rogers, and her sister, Sarah Beadle

[28] A felloe, or felly, is the rim of a wheel supported by spokes

[29] His niece, Lucy Irene Lee, the daughter of his sister Catharine

[30] Edward G. Wolcott, his first cousin

[31] Wood ashes through which water is passed to carry away soluble portions

[32] A search of Ancestry.com shows that Willie B. Bester, age 14, the son of Horatio & Sarah Bester, died of scarlet fever on February 9, 1870

[33] Hank’s aunt and uncle, Cynthia (Brown) & William Arms

[34] His brother-in-law, Hiram Crawford Jr.

[35] Et cetera

[36] Martin Milham, the husband of his niece, Lucy Irene (Lee) Milham

[37] George and Marion (Sprague) Tomlinson lived; Marion was Luke’s niece

[38] Joseph Flanders, a neighbor; brother of Thomas Flanders (see January 24 entry)

[39] Caroline G. Plank, the daughter of William & Harriet (Groat) Plank

[40] Believe he is referring to a neighbor, Ephraim Earl

[41] Son of Marius O. Streator (see January 1 entry)

[42] The brother of William Plank (see March 14 entry)

[43] The 1870 Census shows Lewis and family living in Waterloo, Iowa

[44] Ezekiel Lee, Mark’s father, and Luke’s first cousin

[45] Believed to be William & Harriet (Groat) Plank, and parents of Mary (see March 25 entry) and Carrie (see February 26 entry)

[46] Luke uses this phrase quite often. The Oxford Dictionary gives its meaning as “vigorously or quickly”

[47] Adelbert Skinner, Luke’s future son-in-law; he married Lois November 18, 1871

[48] Charles Jedediah Lee, the son of Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee

[49] Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee; Charles Lee (1797-1878) was the son of Charles & Rhoda (Keith) Lee, the brother of Joseph W. Lee and the father of Charles Jedediah Lee

[50] A neighbor, Oran D. Schram

[51] His daughter, Hannah Keith

[52] The daughter of William & Harriet (Groat) Plank

[53] The pivoted horizontal crossbar to which the harness traces of a draft animal are attached and which is in turn attached to a vehicle or an implement

[54] The daughter of his neighbors, Joseph & Caroline Wiseman, who was 16 years old

[55] His youngest daughter, Louese Keith, who was 9 years old

[56] Joseph & Helen (Bradley) York; Helen was Luke’s niece, the daughter of his sister Catherine by her first husband, Ethan Bradley

[57] Believe he is referring to Mark Lee, who was visiting his family in Salt Lake City, Utah

[58] His maternal first cousin

[59] A search of Ancestry.com shows Adelbert Smith was killed by gunshot on May 25, 1870; however, on May 5, 1870, Nilson Smith, age 22, the son of William & Harriet Smith, was also killed by gunshot. The 1870 Census Mortality Schedule shows Nelson Smith was murdered on May 5, 1870. Nothing further was found. It would appear that Luke mistakenly wrote Del Smith instead of Nilson/Nelson Smith

[60] Neighbors, Caroline Wiseman, and her daughter, Ella, age 14

[61] Jason Beal Wolcott

[62] Neighbor and “shirttail relative”

[63] Jesse & Sarah “Sally” (Davis) Turner

[64] Mary (Knowles) Barber

[65] Luke’s paternal first cousin, Joseph & Lois (French) Lee, and Mark Lee’s wife, Julia Ann Lee

[66] His grandson, William Byron Clark

[67] His maternal first cousin, Stephen Hoxie & Coralin (Underhill) Wolcott

[68] Warren Wolcott, who had lived in Comstock, Michigan, from about 1834 until sometime in the 1850s when he moved to Almena, Michigan

[69] Sarah “Sally” (Davis) Turner

[70] A search at Ancestry.com shows that Virginia Upjohn, the daughter of Uriah & Maria (Mills) Upjohn, died July 9, 1870 from “congestion of the brain.” She was 25 and worked as a teacher and is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery, Kalamazoo, Michigan

[71] His cousin; the son of Jesse & Sally (Davis) Turner

[72] The March 3rd entry mentions working on Henry Lee’s cane, and the March 11th & 15th entries refer to Dr. Ezekiel’s cane. In a letter from William Henry Lee to his son, Ezekiel Lee, who lived in Idaho, was the following: “…very glad to hear from you once more and to learn of your welfare, but very sorry of hear of Orrin’s [his youngest brother] mis-fortune. It seems that mother’s boys are all to be cripples in their old age. Father [Dr. Ezekiel Lee] was a cripple when he died and a good many years before. Mark [his brother] and now Orrin will very likely be a cripple the rest of his days….” (Courtesy of Margaret Williams, 3rd great-grandfather of William Henry Lee)

[73] His cousin; the son of Jesse & Sally (Davis) Turner

[74] According to the History of Kalamazoo County, Michigan (1880), the Galesburg Cornet Band was organized August 4, 1870. Charles Harris was the leader and he played the E-flat cornet. Ethan played the 2d E-flat cornet

[75] The long shafts between which an animal is fastened when pulling a wagon

[76] A ferrule is a ring or cap usually of metal put around a slender shaft (such as a cane or a tool handle) to strengthen it or prevent splitting

[77] Jesse & Julia (Toupence) Lee; Jesse was Luke’s cousin and the son of Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee

[78] Ethan and Hank were granted a patent for their Improvement in Coupling-Jacks on September 27, 1870. According to the patent, they “have invented certain Improvements in the Mode of Transmitting Motion to Shafts, adjustable to any desired angle with the leading shaft, which invention we call ‘A Universal Coupling-Jack.’”

[79] The term “uncle” was often used for older relatives, especially in-laws of various relatives. Patrick Hamilton was the father of Mary (Hamilton) Crawford, who was the widow of Edwin Crawford, who was the brother of Luke’s wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith

[80] His nephew James “Oscar” Keith

[81] Rebecca W. Plank, the daughter of William & Harriet (Groat) Plank

[82] The son of Luke’s cousin, Charles & Juliana (Davis) Lee

[83] A form of malaria characterized by stages of chills, fever, and sweating

[84] A search of Ancestry.com revealed that Alice Struble, age 14, died September 20, 1870; she was the daughter of Selim & Cynthia Struble

[85] A search of Ancestry.com revealed that Elias Sherman, age 75, died September 28, 1870

[86] Sarah Frances (Roberts) Turner, the wife of Luke’s cousin, George Turner

[87] St. Joseph, Michigan

[88] Marion Adelpha York, the daughter of Joseph & Helen (Bradley) York

[89] Quickly, or vigorously

[90] A neighbor, Peter Johnson; does not appear to be any relation to Luke

[91] A search of Ancestry.com reveals that Isaac D. L. Scram married F. Elizabeth Taylor in Galesburg, Michigan, on November 30, 1870

[92] FindAGrave.com shows his birthdate as November 13, 1799; also Luke’s 1894 entry for November 13 states “Jesse Turner 95 years old to day”

[93] A search of FindAGrave.com shows that Julia A. Jacobs, age 38, wife of B. Jacobs, died December 17, 1870, and is buried in Galesburg City Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[94] His maternal first cousin

[95] A search of Ancestry.com shows that Potter Eldred of Charleston, Michigan, died December 24, 1870, of Typhoid Pneumonia, at the age of 78; FindAGrave.com reveals that he is buried in Roof Cemetery, Climax, Michigan

[96] Ancestry.com reveals that Hannah (Cook) Eldred died just four days after her husband, on December 29, 1870, also of Typhoid Pneumonia, at the age of 70; she is also buried in Roof Cemetery, which shows her date of death as December 30, 1870

Luke Keith’s 1869 Diary

1869 DIARY OF CHARLES LUKE KEITH JR.[1]

Jan 1 – Cold and blustrous. Ethan[2] went down to Charles Lees.[3] No work Sarah[4] sick. Nancy[5] sick.

Jan 2 – At home. Sick no work.

Jan 3 – Ethan & Lois[6] went down to Catharines.[7]

Jan 4 – Went up to Hiram Cooks got some cranberries. Mary Ann[8] came here.

Jan 5 – Bot this Diary 45¢. Went over to mill carried 8 bushels wheat to mill. Mrs Wiseman came home with me. Mary Ann left.

Jan 6 – Pleasant morning. Sarah and Nancy sick yet. Mark[9] came up and killed sheep. Mr Flanders called here to look at steers.

Jan 7 – Mark came up and killed sheep. Mr I went over to burg to see Bristol.

Jan 8 – Rainy day. A Brown and I went up to Wesleys.[10] Lost my mittens.

Jan 9 – Made Nance[11] stable. Took shed down.

Jan 10 – At home all day. Lois went down to Catharines.

Jan 11 – Worked on partition in kitchen.

Jan 12 – Worked on partition. Mrs Hawver called here and Mary Lewis.

Jan 13 – Painted twelve blinds. Let Doc Wightman have two bushels potatoes. Pleasant day.

Jan 14 – Very fine day. Finished painting Blinds.

Jan 15 – Carried my hubs over to burg.[12] Carried fifty files over to Burrels to be cut over.

Jan 16 – Carried Blinds down to Catharines. Fine day. Mr McNaughton called to see steers. Pleasant day. Ethan went down to see Charley.[13]

Jan 17 – Fine day cloudy. Moved Bedstead into shop.

Jan 18 – Went down to J Lees[14] to see Mark carried their dinner down in the woods _________ of Charles took dinner with them.

Jan 19 – Mark came up and butchered my hogs. Mr Birge[15] picking over potatoes. Windy day.

Jan 20 – Birge picking over potatoes. I cut up my pork. Made cart wheels for Birges boy. Pleasant day.

Jan 21 – Fine morning. T Flanders[16] came over. Not much work to day. Ed Childs called he took dinner.

Jan 22 – Made cart for Birges Boy.[17] Pleasant day.

Jan 23 – No work to day. Ed and wife & Susie Brown[?] came down here. Fine day. Ida Barber & Carry & Ella Wiseman came over.

Jan 24 – Pleasant as April. Went down to Marks. Mark & Ann came up here.

Jan 25 – Sold my steers to S. C. Blake for 45 Dollars. Very pleasant day. Got Bu___ from A. Browns[18] in evening. Helped York load [illegible].

Jan 26 – Pleasant 18 Abz.[19] in morning. Cut down two trees south of barn. [illegible]. Doc Wightman got two bushels potatoes.

Jan 27 – Helped Jo York[20] load one load of stalks. Went over to burg carried 3 bushels corn. Snowey day. Alfred Signor got his corn. Sick in night.

Jan 28 – Rather damp day. Sick no work to day. Jo York drawed two loads cornfodder. Finished the lot. Sold my calf to Jo for five Dollars.

Jan 29 – Rainy day. Lois came home. Paid My Tax 28.46. Turned the cows and horses in the south lot. Finished my buggy pole.

Jan 30 – Went down to Charles Lees and Jo and Marks. Cool and some wind.

Jan 31 – Came home. No snow but cold.

Feb 1 – Cut down one hickory tree and maple tree south of Barn. Charles Lee came up here.

Feb 2 – Traded violin with Charles J Lee for watch. Mrs Barber and George came over here. Snowey night. Ethan & Charles went to burg.

Feb 3 – Snow some 3 inches deep snows yet in morning. Charles went home. Sarah and Lois went to burg.

Feb 4 – Sarah and Lois went over to burg. Hellen[21] and Catharine came up. Charley Lee stayed here.

Feb 5 – Hellen and Catharine came up. I went over and brot them home. Pleasant some snow cold & _____ in morning. Charley went down to burg.

Feb 6 – Went over to burg bot boots for me 5.00, one pair for Jim 2.00. Drawed some wood. Hellen went up to Wesleys. Charley Lee stayed all night.

Feb 7 – At home all day. Ethan went down to Charles Lees.

Feb 8 – Went to burg carried 3 bushels wheat to Mill. Left cuplers with Oatman. Mr and Mrs Schram here in Evening. (Shermans[?] in night.) Pulled tooth for John.

Feb 9 – Rainy morning. Went to Mill got grist. Worked some in shop.

Feb 10 – Tacked my Boots. Cut out some stuff for Lees nut box.

Feb 11 – Pleasant. Made Lees Nut Box. Painted my buggy pole. Ethan carried my watch to school.

Feb 12 – Mr & Mrs Swaddle here all day. Painted Lees Box. Ida Barber came over.

Feb 13 – Lee carried his Box over this morning. Went down to Catharines. Rainy afternoon.

Feb 14 – Came home. Rained like fun.

Feb 15 – Went over to burg. Got some irons made for well rope _____.

Feb 16 – Put Buckets on to rope. Put in one new bottom. Sawed out some strip for Lees bed.

Feb 17 – Made Lees bed sted. Went over to Mr Planks in evening took Tea. Mr & Mrs Brown there Mr Ford.

Feb 18 – Snows some this morning. Finished Lees bed carried it over to burg. Nancy went over. Got some lime. Edith came down stayed all night.

Feb 19 – Pleasant. Put up leach. Made door to kitchen and put up leach.

Feb 20 – Put on door handle. Went over to burg got my cuplers of Oatman.

Feb 21 – Snowey in morning. Snow some 4 inches deep.

Feb 22 – Went down to Mr Yorks stayed all night. Went with sleigh. Snowed some.

Feb 23 – Came home. Jo went out to Vicksburg with load goods.

Feb 24 – Cold and Blustering. Mark Lee came up got my _____. Wes called. Peddler called, bot soap 20¢.

Feb 25 – Cold 8 Abz cold. Filed saw. Worked in barn.

Feb 26 – Cold 18 Abz blustrous. Worked round house and barn.

Feb 27 – Carried 3 bushels corn to _____. Sarah went over to burg. Mr Hawkins choped some wood. Let him have 1 & ½ bushels potatoes. Pleasant day. Got link made to cupler 5¢. Harry Myers Died.[22] Ethan & girls went down to Catharines.

Feb 28 – Cold. Sarah over to burg. York came after Lois she went over to Vicksburg. Good sleighing.

Mar 1 – Carried Hannah[23] and Nancy up to Mr Swadles. Received letter from Stepen Wilcut.[24] Put rave[25] on Planks sleigh.

Mar 2 – Cold morning snows some. Went over to burg. Lasher[26] came home with me.

Mar 3 – Went down to Streators Lasher went along. Drawed some wood. Went over to burg after Nancy & Hannah. Extracted two teeth for _____ Schram. Two Mrs Ralphs here. Got load straw from Streators.

Mar 4 – Cut some logs[?] south of barn drawed them down. Mr Streator left some wagon poles here to day. Very cold 8 Abz.

Mar 5 – Cold day. At home no work. Lasher came up.

Mar 6 – Went over to burg. Very blustering. Sold my California ___ ring to Efrim[?] Streator. Got silver chain one pair gloves and five Dollars. Mrs Havens died.[27]

Mar 7 – 2 Abz. At home cold day.

Mar 8 – Pleasant. Went over to burg with Jo Lee. Mark and Jesse Lee[28] called here. Doc Wightman got one bushel potatoes.

Mar 9 – Foggy morning. Drawed some wood.

Mar 10 – Started for Marshall[29] left home about half past four AM. Train run the station. Snowed and blowed like fun. Went to Concord.[30] Fare 1.35. Went to Johns stayed all night.

Mar 11 – Went over to Kirkwoods.[31] Fare 75¢. Stayed all night. Cold day 2 below zero in morning.

Mar 12 – Pleasant morning. Irene[32] and I went over to uncle Jasons[33] found uncle quite smart.

Mar 13 – Went over to Jonesville[34] with Steven.[35] Good sleighing.

Mar 14 – Cold and blustering. Jesse sick.[36] Went up to Stevens and over to Bissils[37] in Evening. Snowed some.

Mar 15 – Pleasant in morning. Went down to Jess went over to Mr Underhills. Filed saw for Steven. Took tea at under Hills. Went over to Bissels stayed all night.

Mar 16 – Cold morning. Kirkwoods woods folks came over to Bissels. I went over to Stevens and Jess. Stayed with Jess all night.

Mar 17 – Cold morning. Made a fire for Uncle Jason. Left Uncle Jasons about noon. Went over to Concord got to Concord about four PM.

Mar 18 – Left Concord 9 AM for Concord station. Left for home about one got home about three P.M.

Mar 19 – Went down to Catharines. Snowed like fun. Found them all well.

Mar 20 – Came home. Jess Lee married[38] this morning. Mr Greenleaf[39] died to day about noon.