Nancy Brown’s 1898 Diary

1898 DIARY OF NANCY KEITH BROWN

Nancy’s handwriting is extremely hard to read, especially names.

Jan 1 – [The entry is too faint to read.]

Jan 4 – I called Mrs Bartlett Crane[?] told her the boys had left. ____

Jan 10 – Claude[1] went on 1 A.M. train to Chicago to work for Imperial ___lin Co[2] – cor. Clark & Adams.

Jan 13 – Ethan[3] came for Ma[4] to day. Lavernes[5] teeth finished to day. Mrs Smedley[6] 83 to day.

Jan 14 – Will Pendleton[7] in Chicago this p.m. with Claude.

Jan 15 – Laverne went home this morn been having teeth fixed. Bessie[8] went to the Burg.[9] Hannah[10] is going to Scotts[11] for a few days.

Jan 17 – Mr & Mrs Wagner, Mr & Mrs Evens, H.A.[12] & I invited to Will Wagners[13] this eve.

Jan 18 – H.A. went to the Burg. Mother,[14] Lela[15] and I are alone. H.A. took Woods Cabinet for Lodges.

Jan 19 – I am about sick got grippe I guess.

Jan 20 – Ethan is 47 to day.

Jan 21 – Plesant. Dr Blooms up stairs caught fire. 4 or 5 hundred dollar damage. Caused by the oil stove heater.

Jan 22 – Snowing & blowing. Mr Merediths[16] home caught fire no great damage. H.A. & Bess came home from the Burg.

Jan 24 – Claude 23 years old yesterday. He sent me a dollar. I wrote to him.

Jan 25 – H.A. went to 3 Rivers & Elkhart. Blusters and snows teribly.

Jan 26 – Mr Evens[17] and party start for Klondyke. Dr James McCall had leg amputated.

Jan 27 – Bessie went to class. Emma Harris went with her. I saw Mr Snyder for first time.

Jan 29 – H.A. came home from 3 Rivers. We were invited to Dr McK[18] to tea, did not go.

Jan 30 – Mrs Crane preached this eve on “Trooper Peter Halhat.”

Jan 31 – H.A. & I done our washing. Mrs Kelly has been doing it. Snowed and blowed so did not hang all the clothes out.

Feb 1 – Plesant but very cold. H.A. & I spent the eve at Mr Frenches. Their baby uses braces on her feet.

Feb 2 – Very cold and blustring to day. Cars run once in three or four hours.

Feb 3 – Coldest morning this winter. I went down town with Lela this A.M. got some things at Kingsmans. Bessie & Mona gone to drawing [?] class.

Feb 4 – Plesant. Lela got letter from Fany[19] yesterday. She has been excepted in hospital.

Feb 5 – Plesant. Hank[20] put new grate in stove. Mrs W- here all day. Mr W- came to tea, brought us a 20# ham.

Feb 6 – Mr & Mrs Ford, Lela & I went to church this eve. Peoples Church.

Feb 7 – Very plesant. Washing and work all done 9-20 A.M. Bessie is 17 years old to day.

Feb 8 – Plesant. I spent the day with Mrs Wagner. She made her party cape. Jay Wilson had sleigh ride party. Bessie went.

Feb 9 – Bessie got home 4 A.M. slept till 1:40 p.m. Mr & Mrs Doyen & Francis[21] here this evening.

Feb 10 – Warm & plesant snow going fast. I spent the afternoon with Mrs McKinney.

Feb 11 – Raining. H.A. & I went to Dr Fletcher and had new glasses. Lela to a reception at Mrs Cranes for Mrs Boyd. H.A. & I to Mr Bennetts this eve.

Feb 12 – Colder. Mrs Ford (Emmas Turneys mother) died yesterday 2 A.M.[22] H.A. & I went to Clarence Smiths they were going away to a surprise party for Mr Dye.

Feb 13 – Rained this eve. Essie here all night.

Feb 14 – Plesant. We washed. Spent this p.m. at John Hewitts. H.A. there to supper. H- made penny pictures[23] of us to day. Got a dish from grants.

Feb 15 – Twelve years to day we came to Kalamazoo. H.A. & girls finished up the pictures this eve. Snowed & blowed teribly.

Feb 16 – Jay Harris[24] left for the Klondyke this 1-30 A.M. I spent the afternoon with Bessie Milham Lee came here from the east.

Feb 17 – Ethan came on train this p.m. Rained and he stayed all night. Brought us a nice chicken. Claude begins working on a salary[?].

Feb 18 – Ethan home on 11-52 A.M. train. Got a letter from Lou[25] & Laverne.

Feb 19 – Bessie and I done housework all the forenoon. Mona here this eveing.

Feb 20 – Snowing. H.A. worked at gallery took 19 15[?] negatives.

Feb 21 – Hardest snow storm yet. Did not hang out the clothes.

Feb 22 – Put the clothes out this a.m. Spent the eve at Mr Wagners. Mattie & John did not come. Matties aunt died.

Feb 23 – Bessie and I sewed on her blue waist.[26] We sewed in the forenoon. Frances Willard trained[?] in Chicago. W.C.T.U.[27]

Feb 24 – I went down town. Lela & I to dinner at “La B A _____.” Lela bought 2 gold fish. Bessie worked at penny pictures all day.

Feb 25 – H.A. & Bess toned & washed 636 pictures. Took them to Mr Packard to mount round.

Feb 26 – Ma & Ethan came this p.m. Ma to see Dr McKinney. I got a telephone that Lou was sick, went there on 6-40 p.m. train. Terrible explosion this eve 10 killed many wounded. Hall Bros laboratory.[28]

Feb 27 – Ma & Ethan went home. Claude came home last eve on a visit.

Feb 28 – Papa and I washed and toned 1482 pictures this A.M.[29] I came home on 8-40 train, brought Lou, Leone & Mildred.[30]

Mar 1 – 7 of the victims buried to day, 4 from St. Augustines. Lou had hard spell. Dr here. Lou worse this eve. Dr came again. Florence Turney married.[31]

Mar 2 – Lou better. Victor Vocelle[32] one of the injured came home to day. Memorial services at Cong. Church at 4-30.

Mar 3 – Hank toned over 1800 pictures. Took 75 negatives to day. Mr Ford called this evening. Bessie began working for her Pa at penny pictures.

Mar 4 – Very plesant. Claude & Edith N[33] went up to Pas[34] this p.m.

Mar 5 – H.A., Lela & I went to “surprise” on Mr & Mrs Denynes. H. got a cup & saucer, Lela mustard dish, head prises.

Mar 6 – Hannah came here on 10 a.m. train went home 6-40 p.m. Claude went back to Chicago this p.m.

Mar 7 – I went down town got 3 dishes for Hannah for Blanch, Florence and Ettie. Lela home all day with sick headache. I got shirt waist paid .88.

Mar 8 – Very plesant. I sewed on Bessies blue bunting dress. We fixed Mildreds hood put fur around.

Mar 9 – Doors opened so warm. We went downtown had Lous & Mildreds pictures taken. Blanche Blake & Ned Stevenson married.[35]

Mar 10 – Lou sick in bed all day did not sleep any last night.

Mar 11 – Rainy. Lou & children went to Pas on noon train.

Mar 12 – Zella & children went to Chicago this p.m. I went to the Burg on 6.55 train. Rained hard. Found Lou worse.

Mar 13 – At Pas. Dr McBett came to see Lou.

Mar 14 – I came home to day, brought Leone. Saw Mrs McKee for Lou. Lela & Bessie got cloth for shirt waists. D.[36] Here this p.m.

Mar 15 – Lou & Mildred did not come. Lou is not so well. D. gone to Pas to night. I fixed Leones big doll.

Mar 16 – Very warm & plesant. Began Lelas dress skirt to day. D. gone home. Lou no better. Mildred 3 years old to day.

Mar 17 – Plesant. Dr Westbrook began work on my teeth. Dr McK– went to Burg to see Lou. Laverne went to the Burg this noon.

Mar 18 – Will Brown[37] is 38 to day.

Mar 19 – Mother Brown[38] is 79 to day.

Mar 20 – Lela & I helped at gallery.

Mar 21 – Lou no better. I went to the Burg 6.40 train rode over home with Mr Schram.

Mar 22 – Lou a little better. I changed her bed. Came home on 10-47 a.m. train. “Sid” Hayes buried.

Mar 23 – Bessie has a candy pull to night. Mrs McKee went to the Burg to see Lou on 6.55 train.

Mar 24 – Bessie not well. I went to gallery in her place.

Mar 25 – I went to gallery again to day.

Mar 26 – I went to gallery to day. Hannah came on 1 p.m. train. She & Mrs McKee went back on 6.55. Claude sent the girls belts.

Mar 27 – Lela helping at gallery.

Mar 28 – Bessie went to the gallery. Cloudy & some rain. Mr Hassic[?] learning picture business. Penny business dropping off.

Mar 29 – Plesant. We got a letter from Claude. Bess one from Edna Clark.[39]

Mar 30 – John & Mattie Hewitt to supper & spend the eve. It is their 12th wedding anniversary.

Mar 31 – Bessie went to drawing class.

Apr 1 – (no entry)

Apr 2 – Went down town. Bessie got a new jacket priced 5.50, gloves 1.00. Ordered a hat 2.75. Mr Denyens moved on Rose Place.

Apr 3 – I went to Claudes.

Apr 4 – Got a letter from Hannah. Lou not much better.

Apr 5 – I went to Burg on noon train. Mrs McKee came on evening train. She, Laverne, Mildred & I came home this evening.

Apr 6 – Laverne at gallery. Lou stood the trip well. Mrs McKee here this noon.

Apr 7 – Laverne & Leone went home on noon train. Leone been here 5 weeks.

Apr 8 – Got 51 yds muslin for sheets paid .5 a yd. Cut out sheets to day. Lou lots better. Sit up a good deal.

Apr 9 – Floyd[40] came this a.m. bought a wheel[41] (Cupid) paid 22.000. Claude surprised us by coming home, brought his wheel.

Apr 10 – Orchestra played. Easter Sunday. Claude and I went to church.

Apr 11 – Lela & Bess bought a wheel paid 33.000 name of wheel Volant.

Apr 12 – Floyd went home. Lois[42] & Ethan here. Mildred went home with them. America Bunt here. Geo Crawford had his leg amputated last week. Lou & Ds 16th wedding anniversary.

Apr 13 – Claude painted our gasoline stove. Bessie got her bicycle shoes. Lela got a new dress .75 a yard.

Apr 14 – Bess home to day. We fixed her bicycle suite & worked on Lelas dress. Charley Zinn drowned this p.m. in race at the mill. Age 5 years.[43]

Apr 15 – (no entry)

Apr 16 – Hannah came this p.m. brought Mildred. She & I went down town this eve got her a hat paid $4.00. Charley Z– buried this p.m.

Apr 17 – H- cut Lelas jacket. Thunderstorm this eve.

Apr 18 – Colder. Pa came on 10-47 a.m. train. I paid Dr McK– 5.00 for Lou, 2.00 for Ma. I went to Dr Fletchers. Saw Marena Caywood.

Apr 19 – Cold & rainy. Dr Fletcher brought my glasses. Pa went home on 6-55 p.m. train. D. sent 9 doz eggs & some butter.

Apr 20 – Cold & rainy. I began Lelas grey jacket to go with her suite. Whistles began blowing 10-40 a.m. to announce war declared between U.S. & Spain.

Apr 21 – Plesant. Scavengers cleaned our closet yesterday, cost $4.90. Bessie went to drawing class.

Apr 22 – Finished Lelas jacket. Got a letter from Ma. Claude to Will Pendletons this eve. He made pictures of McKinley. Lee and Uncle Sam to church.

Apr 23 – Mrs McKee here to see Lou.

Apr 24 – Claude went back to Chicago.

Apr 25 – Lois here to dinner. Dell[44] in Chicago. H.A. finished up with Packard. Will Smith and Monica Coe married.[45]

Apr 26 – Light guards left for Island Park at 10 a.m. Sad day for Kalamazoo.[46] Mrs W– & I had negatives taken. H.A. & I spent eve at Mr Wagners.

Apr 27 – Hank went to Chicago. D. came on his wheel, stayed all night. Lela to church cooking class supper.

Apr 28 – D. went home on 5 a.m. train. Bessie went to drawing class.

Apr 29 – Floyd Harris 12 years old.

Apr 30 – Bessie went to Burg on wheel left here about 7 a.m.

May 1 – Bessie & Hannah came on 10 a.m. train. Hank opened gallery in Chicago.[47]

May 2 – Hannah gone to Mary Cousins to sew. Porter Olmstead died last night 11 p.m.[48] H.A. wrote for Bessie to come to Chicago Wednesday.

May 3 – Hannah gone home to day. I got her cloth for cape took to train. Saw Ida Allen.

May 4 – Bessie went to Chicago on 2-18 train to help in penny gallery.[49] Porter Olmstead buried this p.m. Lous Jay 15 to day.[50]

May 5 – D. 39 to day. Card from Claude said met Bess O.K. I went to Dr McK– this eve. She is going to try Mrs McKee.

May 6 – (no entry)

May 7 – Long letter from Bess with plan of house & gallery.

May 8 – Mrs McKee here this p.m. Lela, Emma Harris & Gertie Cay went riding on their wheels.

May 9 – I got letter from Claude. Wrote last weeks receipts were 85.00.

May 10 – I cleaned the Barn this a.m. Got a letter from H.A. with 30.00 check. Mildred sick a little guess its measles.

May 11 – I sewed this a.m. Mrs McKinney called has taken three treatments, is better. Mrs Quale over this p.m.

May 12 – Lou had a hard stomach spell. Mrs McKee helped her. Mr Snyder here. I paid telephone bill.

May 13 – Dr came to see Mildred. Lou telephoned to D. that I would meet Floyd tomorrow morning. Mr Abbey called.

May 14 – I met Floyd this a.m.

May 15 – Lela & Floyd went to Burg on wheels. Rained last night.

May 16 – Lela & Floyd got home 5.45 a.m. Floyd gone home this noon. D sent home eggs & butter. Long letter from Bess with pictures of Jim[51] & Will[52] folks.

May 17 – Mildred all broken out is real sick. D- came here to night stayed all night.

May 18 – Mildred a little better. Lela brought home 1 pint Ice cream. Hard thunder storm to night hail & some wind.

May 19 – Mildred very restless all night and to day. Lou all used up. Telephoned for Laverne. Gertrude Holmes 1 year old to day.[53] Major Abbey left this a.m.

May 20 – Mr Jessie Earl[54] & Wm H Gladstone died the 19th. Mildred better to day. I cleaned cellar.

May 21 – I got ready to go home. Street car only went to show ground so I got left.

May 22 – Lou, Mildred, Mrs McKee and I went street car riding.

May 23 – I went to Burg. Ethan came over about 11. I went home with him. The first I had seen the new paper it is red. Came home on 10 p.m. train.

May 24 – Laverne went home on 12-20 train. Got letter from Hank & Bess with $65.00 money order. Lela to Essies to supper.

May 25 – Family bought & moving in the McEntye house. Dr & Mrs McK– here to dinner. We had ham & greens.

May 26 – Claude surprised us by coming home this p.m.

May 27 – Fumigated for measles to day. Mrs McKee came after we had gone to bed.

May 28 – Paid for last 3 weeks. Lou & Mildred went home on 6-40 train. Lela went with them, took Mrs C. Kodak. 3 months to day since Lou came.

May 29 – Mother & I alone all day, very lonesome. Claude to West Lake.

May 30 – Lela came home this a.m. Claude & Eddie[55] went to Ball Park. Lela had to work so could not go. I began cleaning chamber.

May 31 – Mr Packard shot him self this a.m.[56] Mrs Kelley helped me clean this p.m. Mr Jackson called. Ed Atkins[57] also. Brought neg of house. Claude went up to Burg.

Jun 1 – Jim, Cora, Winnie & Walter[58] came via S-H-[59] this a.m. Mrs W & Mr Titus called. I called at Mrs Packards.[60] Joined “B___ Oak Branch”. Letter from Bessie.

Jun 2 – Jims all went to the Burg 7 a.m. Began cleaning my room. Went to Mrs Wagners. Heard Mr T lecture on Aliens[?].

Jun 3 – Claude took up bed room carpet. Had our first mess beet greens. Claude & Lela to Will Pendletons. I to Mrs Orcutts this eve. Letter from H.A.

Jun 4 – Jim and family here early this a.m. Went to S–[61] on noon train. Claude bought screens. Lela & I wall paper.

Jun 5 – Claude, Lela & Edie out in the country making pictures.

Jun 6 – Claude went to Chicago on 1 a.m. train. Jim came from Shelbyville this a.m. to C–[62] this p.m. via South Haven.

Jun 7 – The wall paper came this a.m. Letter from H.A. 25.00.

Jun 8 – Joe Neff sick so had paper hangers from Andrews & Russell. Began this p.m. C____ men took up parlor carpet & rug.

Jun 9 – Papering finished this p.m. I cleaned windows & wood work. Very tired to night.

Jun 10 – Telephone put in dining room to day. Parlor carpet laid this p.m. Hard thunder storm.

Jun 11 – Baked, worked at cleaning and settling.

Jun 12 – Dr & Mrs McKinney here to dinner.

Jun 13 – Went down town this noon with Lela. Paid paper bill & got molding. Man put it up tonight. Rained very hard. Mrs Smith and Harold here.

Jun 14 – I put down the light brussels carpet in my bed room to day. H.A. 25.00.

Jun 15 – Lois here to spend the day. The new bed room suite came this a.m. Price 24.00. Lela home this p.m.

Jun 16 – Worked all over the house to day. Ironed some.

Jun 17 – Cleaned kitchen to day. Mrs McKinney here all day. Lela home this p.m.

Jun 18 – Will Brown came. Lizzie and Ruth[63] went to Mr Ogdens.[64] Girls all home.

Jun 19 – Will, Mother, Lela, I & Zama[65] went to Pas. Had livery 2.50.

Jun 20 – Ruth came back with us last night. Lizzie & Charley[66] came this a.m. All here to dinner. Will, L- & R- go home via South Haven.

Jun 21 – To day finished on cleaning. I went over to Mrs Sawyers & Willsons. McMann girls here this eve. Lela & I saw Fannie Smiths puppies.

Jun 22 – Mrs Kelley helped wash 5 quilts & 3 comfortabers. Mrs Wagner here this p.m. & to supper. Lela went riding with Eda.

Jun 23 – Began putting 2nd coat of paint on house. Dea Willard Mills died 9-30 this a.m., aged [blank].[67]

Jun 24 – Finished my blue “hubbard” Clara cut a year ago.

Jun 25 – Telephoned for Lou to come down was not well enough. Painters finished to night. Mr & Mrs Britten[?] here this eve paid him 40.00. Essie here all night.

Jun 26 – Mr ______ at Peoples Church to day. I did not go.

Jun 27 – Lela home this a.m. not well. I cleaned barn painted ______. Jim & C- picked our first raspberries, enough for supper and a dish for Mrs Huffman.

Jun 28 – Ironing this a.m. 25.00.[68]

Jun 29 – Boys left for Tampa to night.[69] Howard Bronson, Clarence Miller amongst them.

Jun 30 – (no entry)

Jul 1 – Bess & Ray[70] came from Chi- via S- H- this p.m. A surprise to me, brought Lela a parasol, a black __ll dress for me.

Jul 2 – Hannah came 6-25 train this a.m. She, Lela & I went down town this eve. Hard battle in Cuba. Michigan boys to the front.

Jul 3 – Lou 38 to day. Cerveras fleet sunk off Seltiago.[71]

Jul 4 – Hannah working on her shirt waists.

Jul 5 – Hannah cut Bessies linen ___ll to day & my black “ [linen] ___ll. Very warm. Hank 25.00.

Jul 6 – Sewing hard all day. Mrs Dunbar, Mrs Fraser & Hattie called. They came from home (Detroit) Saturday.

Jul 7 – Hannah to Mary Caywood cousins to tea & all night. Lela & I called on the Grants.

Jul 8 – Hannah came back this a.m. she is about sick. Emma Harris came to visit the girls a few days.

Jul 9 – Hannah went to Lous this p.m. Lela & I went to train with her. We got 9 plates, 9 sauce dishes. 1 bowl & wash bowl & pitcher.

Jul 10 – Eda N– here to dinner. I saw her mother[72] for first time.

Jul 11 – Emma went home on 7 a.m. train. Bessie went to Pas.

Jul 12 – Mrs Frasier & Hattie came this forenoon. They, Lela and I went to medicine show. Girls went to 10 p.m. train to meet Bess.

Jul 13 – Mrs Dunbar spent the afternoon. Mr “ [Dunbar] to tea. Mrs F– & Hattie went home with them.

Jul 14 – Laverne came this a.m. Bessie met her.

Jul 15 – I went to Burg to night stayed with Lois. Got a letter from H. saying not to come to Chi yet.

Jul 16 – To Loises all day. Ethan over this eve. I went home with him. Mas leg very bad.

Jul 17 – At Pas. I saw long[?] buggy first time.

Jul 18 – Made green apple pie a.m. first this year. I go home on 9 pm train.

July 19 – At home. Three weeks drout[?] broken. I have sick head ache. Letter from H & Claude wanting Bess & I to go Saturday. 25.00.

Jul 20 – I took what I supposed was salts. Was very sick for an hour or two.

Jul 21 – (no entry)

Jul 22 – Buffalow Bills show. Hannah, Cora, Floyd & Clark came. Ethan came down with big buggy. He & Hannah went home.

Jul 23 – Bessie and I went to Chicago on 11 am train. Laverne keeping house for me.

Jul 24-27 – (no entries)

Jul 28 – Mr Jim Evers died to day at Dawsun City. Went there last Feb.

Jul 29 – Clara Owens[73] second girl baby born.[74]

Jul 30 – Aug 8 – (no entries)

Aug 9 – John McBride died this noon.[75] Bettie Wolf came to her fathers to day.

Aug 10 – (no entry)

Aug 11 – I came home from Chicago at 3-30 this a.m. Johnny McBride is buried at 4 this p.m. 38.00.

Aug 12 – Cora Harris,[76] Laverne & Leone came from Pioneers picnic last eve. Laverne went home this noon. Claude came this noon. Peace articles signed, war over.

Aug 13 – Cora went home this eve. Lela to a tea party at Edas. Frank Cargill died this eve[77] Dr Pratt yesterday.[78]

Aug 14 – H.A. took in 50.00.

Aug 15 – Nice rain this a.m. Letter from H.A.

Aug 16 – Claude & party gone to West Lake camping. I called on Mrs Wolf & McBride, neither at home. Called on Mrs Doyens & Dunbar.

Aug 17 – Cut out a dress for Mother. Sewed all day.

Aug 18 – Hattie & Effie Frasier spent the day here. We all went to band concert in evening.

Aug 19 – I went to Mrs Hewitts for tea, she has been sick all summer. Told me about Mame & Sherm. Called at Mrs Wagners, not at home. Letter Bessie.

Aug 20 – I called on Mrs Ford this eve. Mrs Loveland there doing the work. Jennie got a place at asylum.

Aug 21 – Very hot. Essie here a little while. Lela went home with her.

Aug 22 – Hotter. Letter from H.A. & Bessie. They have hired Lillie Girard. H.A. 50.00

Aug 23 – Hottest. Letter from Bess, Ma & Hannah. Lizzie is to board Bess for 2.00. Am fixing Lelas Bicile dress over. Bess sent a sample of her black.

Aug 24 – Bought 1 bu tomattoes for .40. Hank help up this eve got 2.00. I went down town. Mrs Wagner told me of Mr Evers death.[79]

Aug 25 – Ethan brought Cora, Winnie & Walter. Lou & Mildred came this p.m.

Aug 26 – Caned 14 qts tomattoes. Mrs McKee here this evening.

Aug 27 – Cora & children went to Shelbyville. Lou, children & I up to Pas. Lela had Essie stay with her.

Aug 28 – Ethan, Hannah & I went to Vicksburg. Mr Cates family there.

Aug 29 – Came home to day. Train late. Clara Wilkins came with me. Eda & Essie here yesterday.

Aug 30 – Very hot. Claude to Mrs Doyens to supper.

Aug 31 – We ironed. Got 1 bu tomattoes for catsup paid .50.

Sep 1 – Lou, Leone & Mildred came from Pas. Caned 1 bu. peaches. Paid 1.00. Terrible hot.

Sep 2 – Awful hot.

Sep 3 – Hot. Lou & children went on 8 p.m. train. Cora Harris struck by engine. Ankle broke.[80]

Sep 4 – I went to Lous on 5.40 a.m. train.

Sep 5 – Rained last night. Cora as well as can be expected. I came home on 3-45 p.m. train. Claude went to Chicago to night.

Sep 6 – Mrs McKinney here all day. Dr[81] here to supper. I ordered ointment for Ma.

Sep 7 – Winnie McKee took Clara riding. Clara stopped to Mr Comstocks stayed all night.

Sep 8 – Cool & plesant. Lela had Eda, Winnie McKee, Mona Mace & Emma Harris to tea to meet Clara Wilkins who is visiting us.

Sep 9 – Eda & Mother[82] took Clara & I riding. We stoped at their house the first I have been there.

Sep 10 – Clara Wilkins gone home 9 a.m. been here 2 weeks Monday. Lela went to Lous 12-19 p.m.

Sep 11 – Mother took her feather bed for good this time.

Sep 12 – Lela came from Lous 8-55 a.m. Lou no better. Cora doing fine. Uncle Robt[83] came here from Pas this p.m.

Sep 13 – Uncle R- left for home on 11-55 train. I put up a lunch for him. Letter from Bess. 25.00.

Sep 14 – I called on Mrs Winslow and Mrs Elena Briggs. Stayed with Mrs Wagner all night.

Sep 15 – I went and looked at coal heater before coming home. Very hard rain while I was in hard ware store.

Sep 16 – Made 2nd batch of catsup yesterday. Lela & I called on Mrs Mace this evening, first since she came home from Boston[?].

Sep 17 – I went up home[84] 6-00 p.m. Ethan & Hannah came over to Medicine show. I went home with them. Maude Adams & Herb Clark spent eve at Lous.

Sep 18 – Hannah & I caned 13 qts peaches.

Sep 19 – Came home on early morning train got home 6-10 a.m. Letter from H.A. this a.m. & picture from Claude of he and the boys.

Sep 20 – Lela did not go to Chicago, we are all so dispirited. Letter from H.A. and one from Bess. 25.00.

Sep 21 – Bought 1 bu Golden _____ for 1.00. Worked all day at caning & making grape juice. Have 33 qts peaches.

Sep 22 – Made pear pickles preserves and garden salad. Has rained all day. Hank worked in the curing house this eve. Been gone 5 months.

Sep 23 – Co. C came home[85] 1 p.m. Mr & Mrs Hewitt here to supper and evening. Also Mr & Mrs Ford, Mrs Tunney with Mrs Lombard, Frank & his grandpa. Ethan got the wheel to night.

Sep 24 – H.A. went back on 6-25 a.m. train. Lela went to Burg on 6 p.m. train. Mrs McMahan here this eve. Its very lonesome.

Sep 25 – Very nice & plesant.

Sep 26 – Lela home on 6 a.m. train. Ma no better. Bessie bought a mandolin.

Sep 27 – Ethan and Lois here to dinner & supper. She came to do trading. Ethan bought 2 bu peaches to make pickles of.

Sep 28 – Making pickles this a.m. Little Harold Rogers run over by street car on Portage St. died 7-10 p.m.[86]

Sep 29 – Mrs McMahan & I went up at Mr Rogers[87] last night. Hannah came this eve from Aunt Helens.[88] Fit Lelas silk waist.

Sep 30 – Hannah home on 7-15 a.m. train. Harold buried 2 p.m. at River Side. Lela bought her a nice black skirt.

Oct 1 – Cloudy. Made chilli sauce. Lela home this p.m. Rained all the afternoon & eve. I went to Pas on 6 p.m. train. Ethan met me. Andrew Burdick buried to day.[89]

Oct 2 – At Pas. Pa and Dell went for mineral water. Lois stayed here.

Oct 3 – Came home on 5-20 a.m. train. Found Claude here, came 2 p.m. yesterday.

Oct 4 – 2nd street fair opened 9 a.m. by blowing of whistles & ringing bells. Claude, Lela & I spent the noon hour at the Art department in Auditorium. Lela $25.00 from C-.

Oct 5 – Ethan, LaVerne, Floyd, Leone & Marian here to fair. Lela not working this p.m. Nice floral parade. Floyd bought an air gun. Eda here to supper. Lela went to Chicago 6-25 a.m. train Thursday.

Oct 6 – General Shafter[90] & two aides and daughter[91] came. Hannah & Lois down to day. H- stayed all night. Children went home this noon. Bought 1 cord beach[?] & maple wood $2.24.

Oct 7 – “Peace Jubilee Day”.[92] Burroughs, Shafter, Brice, Rice, Noble, Whiting & Todd spoke at the Park. Began raining about 5. No concert to night. E & H went home 6 p.m.

Oct 8 – I ironed & made mother a chemise. Claude did not get up till after 11. Mrs Rogers give me Harolds picture. Letter from H.A., Lela & Bess. $60.00.

Oct 9 – Claude went to Burg on W.P.[93] wheel. Back to dinner. Eda spent evening here. Claude gone to Chicago 1 a.m. train.

Oct 10 – Plesant. Bought ½ bu quinces for .25. Bought a coal heater “Art Garland”. Called on Mrs Evers, first I have seen her since he died.[94] Pieced comfortables. Aunt Hannah Chase 90 years old yesterday.[95] Stove cost $29.85.

Oct 11 – Rained all night. Cleaned Mothers room. Went to Mrs Chapples this forenoon.

Oct 12 – Worked on comfortables to day. Went over to Mrs Rogers a little while this p.m.

Oct 13 – Lela came home from Chicago on 4-10 a.m. train. Got a new hat & fur collarette for herself, a black satin waist for me.

Oct 14 – Cold & Rainy. Cleaned Parlor & part of setting room.

Oct 15 – Finished cleaning setting room. Had new stove put up. Lela wrote to her father[96] that I would go to Chicago Monday.

Oct 16 – Had fire in new stove. Edith & Franklin & Mr & Mrs N[97] called this afternoon.

Oct 17 – Canned quinces & made jellie. I left for Chicago on 2-13 train. Mr & Mrs Merriman sat behind me. Lois & Dell went this morning.

Oct 18 – In Chicago. Bessie and I went down town got things for her silk waist also some for Lela & ____ yoke for me. We all went to Wills and had supper. Clarence Schroeder[98] also Arthur Burroughs married.[99]

Oct 19 – Claude home to day. Its “Peace Jubilee Day” & business is closed. Bessie and I sewed to day. Dr McKinney called at the gallery. A very rainy week.[100]

Oct 20 – Bessie & I over to Jims to spend the day. H.A. & Claude to supper. Mrs Meredith[101] there. Mrs Wm Burdick died.[102]

Oct 21 – We sewed to day. Bess & Mary went down town in afternoon. H.A., Bess & I went to Dearborne saw “A Woman Hater.”

Oct 22 – Lois, Ina & Gertrude to dinner. Jims folks and Mrs Meredith to supper. H.A. & I to Chicago Opera House. Saw the 4 Cohans. I left Chicago 11-30 p.m. for home. Mrs Burdick buried.

Oct 23 – Plesant. Got home 4-50 a.m.

Oct 24 – Very plesant. Got ___ting flanel for Bessie two night dresses. Lela & I spent evening at Ediths. Will & Carrie[103] there.

Oct 25 – I sewed all day for Bessie. Lela home this afternoon. Rained all day.

Oct 26 – Rain & a little snow. Sewed for Bessie. Cut her black briliantine waist out. Etta Tompkins here a little while. Lela & I down to Mr Ford this eve.

Oct 27 – Froze last night ice 1/8 of an inch. Very plesant to day. Lela home this afternoon. Lizzie & Ruth came 2 p.m. They, Lela & I went to cooking class. Mrs Moses called told about M- R-.

Oct 28 – Hannah came 2 p.m. Hung Lelas black ______. Lela got samples of silk for her to take to Cora. Lou telephoned about butter & eggs.

Oct 29 – Hannah went home 7 a.m. Ma is some better.

Oct 30 – Home all day. Dark & rainy.

Oct 31 – Lizzie & Ruth went home (to Augusta) 11-55 train. Halloween night. Bessie writes she had 5 teeth out Saturday suffered terribly.

Nov 1 – Lois came on 2-8 p.m. train from Chi.[104] Went home 6 p.m. Lela & I chopped mince meat. Got plants in to day. Mr Quales closet tipped over last night. Oscar Keith[105] stayed here.

Nov 2 – (This is for Thursday.) Lela & I took our first lesson in cooking of Miss Kirby.

Nov 3 – I went to Mattie Hewitts this p.m. Met Rallies wife Sadie. Took supper with Mr & Mrs Wagner. (This ought to have been for Wednesday.) Sent fruit & little ______ to Chicago to day. Heard Will Doyle had been hung.

Nov 4 – Lela goes to German[?] Bazaar to night, will stay with Edith all night. Mrs Ford & Ettie here this eve. I called to Mrs W_______. N. B. McKinney died.[106]

Nov 5 – Began raining in the night, rained all day, so Ethan did not come. I went to Burg on 6 p.m. train. Ethan met me. Rained & Blowed like fury. Pa not well.

Nov 6 – At Pas. Ethan & H- put Piano on north side of room.

Nov 7 – At Pas. Hannah cut and fitted my sateene waist. Dessa Carns baby born to day. I came home on 10 p.m. train.

Nov 8 – Went down town with Lela this morning. Fixed Hannah, Lois & Lavernes hat. Looked for Ethan. Election day.

Nov 9 – Fine rain all day. Edith here to supper. She goes to Chicago Saturday. Dr Pengilly buried.[107]

Nov 10 – Regular “C_____ storm” snowing & blowing to beat every thing. Cant go to cooking class to night.

Nov 11 – Snow going fast bright & warm. Letter from H.A. he opens another gallery to day. (Big Fair) 574 Lincoln Ave. Cold to night our pump froze up. 25.00.

Nov 12 – I went down town took a letter for Edith to take to Chicago for H.A. Essie & Emma stayed with Lela all night. Emma left with me.

Nov 13 – Lela to Essies to dinner.

Nov 14 – Worked on ___ell holders for Bazaar also on puff silk pillow. Lela worked this eve got .50.

Nov 15 – Mrs Quale brought over some lace & worked a while. Mrs Ford here this eve they are papering. Lela took _____ lesson. Charley Hitchcock died this a.m.[108]

Nov 16 – I went down town got Crepe on for me a dress skirt. Called on Mrs McKinney she was very nervous was in bed. Lela & I spent the eve at Mr Grants in the Sawyer house.

Nov 17 – Made Bessie a corset waist, sewed some for Mother. Lela & I went to cooking class only stayed through lesson. Lela too tired.

Nov 18 – Mended range, fixed straw & ____ bed. Swept chamber &c, &c, &c. Got out meal boiler. Charley H buried to day at River Side. Mrs L. G. Bragg died.[109]

Nov 19 – (no entry)

Nov 20 – I went to Mr Wagners to dinner.

Nov 21 – Lou telephoned. She, Leone & M would be down on 4 p.m. train. I met them. Lou got velvet hat & 6 tips. Mrs Bennetts mother Mrs Manchester died this a.m.[110]

Nov 22 – Cold & stormy. Lou & children went to Pas on 6 p.m. train. Wind blew very cold. Ettie Tompkins nephew died.

Nov 23 – Cold & snowing. Ethan cant come for us so we cant go home for Thanksgiving. Cora Riddler married to day.[111]

Nov 24 – Lela worked this a.m. Tried to get tickets to El Capitan. Seats all sold so we are out all around but have a plesant home & a good warm fire. Will be thankful for that.

Nov 25 – Snowing. I am about sick sore throat hard cold. Painted some, am “Alone”.

Nov 26 – Dont feel much better. Lela worked till the last car tonight. I painted some to day.

Nov 27 – Etta Tompkins here. Mr Quale called & Essie & Miss Webster[?].

Nov 28 – Feel a little better got Bat for comfortables to day paid .10 a roll. Letter from H.A. gave me for Xmas ¼ int in Lincoln Ave gallery. Lou, Leone & Mildred came from Pas this p.m. Lou had her plush cape.

Nov 29 – Wrote to Claude he is sick has tonsillitis. Mrs Neumeier here this eve also Ettie. Lou got ti____ for her cape.

Nov 30 – Plesant. Lou & children went home 8-10 this p.m. Lela went to train with them.

Dec 1 – Rose McKinney Depew & Mattie Hewitt here this p.m. Rose lives in Montana. Came home to bury her father.[112]

Dec 2 – Painted on “Alone.”[113] Mother up and down as usual and Zama[114] putting in full time snoring.

Dec 3 – Ethan came brought feather bed. Lela went home with him. Met him cor Rose & K- Ave. She got 15.00 tonight.

Dec 4 – Etta & I went to Elks Mermaid[?] _____.

Dec 5 – Lela came home this a.m. train late. Another snow storm coming. Eda came home tonight. Claude better.

Dec 6 – Lela & I went over to see Eda. Got “Theatre car” home had to wait an hour. Lela caught cold.

Dec 7 – Mrs Wagner spent the day here, is making a black lace & grenadine over yellow. Letter from Claude.

Dec 8 – Snowing like fury. Went down town tried to see Miss Kirby but failed. Got slippers for H & C[115] also presents for the girls.

Dec 9 – Lela got her hat to day black velvet tips, blue ____ & buckles &c.[116] She went to Lous tonight took Jay & Leones picture to Lou and D. presents to the children & hat to Dr.

Dec 10 – Mother, Zama & I alone all day. Emma Harris here this eve also Mrs Quale.

Dec 11 – Eda here also Mrs Britten. Mrs Bennett & ___tie.

Dec 12 – Hannah came before day light. Cut my crepe dress skirt. Lela “got left” came home 3-45 p.m. Letter from H.A.

Dec 13 – Mrs Stuart Ogden[117] here to have dress fitted. H- went home 6 p.m. We called on Mary Cousins, Merena was there.

Dec 14 – Grant girls here this eve also Mrs Ford. Brought a letter for us to read from Florence Turney first they have got. Mailed at Queenstown.

Dec 15 – Mattie Hewitt spent the day. She made Xmas bags for the church. I crotched. Lela & I to Mr Smith this eve. Got quilting frames.

Dec 16 – (no entry)

Dec 17 – Saturday I went to Pas 6 p.m. Saw Miss Kirby paid .40 for cooking lessons. Ethan met me. We went to Mrs Blakes got some butter. Called to Lois.

Dec 18 – Ethan, Hannah, Gertrude & I spent evening with Mr & Mrs Berry[?] (Cora Riddler).[118]

Dec 19 – Came home on 2-18 train. Etta Tompkins came on same train.

Dec 20 – (no entry)

Dec 21 – Sewed all day. I baked and ironed this p.m. Etta Tompkins here this eve.

Dec 22 – I went down town. Called on Mrs Bartlett Crane. Got some Xmas things. Made cover for m__ter chair this eve.

Dec 23 – Dick Wells buried to day.[119]

Dec 24 – Worked hard all forenoon. Met Hannah at 2 p.m. train we went down town. Mrs Wagner gave 12 glass cups.

Dec 25 – Claude came on 4 a.m. train. Hannah & I went home[120] on 6 p.m. train.

Dec 26 – At Pas. Ma & I worked on Xmas presents all day. H-, E- & I went to Mr Crossfields to see Xmas tree. I got lots of nice presents.

Dec 27 – I came home 2 p.m. Found Laverne & Marian here.

Dec 28 – Laverne & Marian gone to Mrs ____ to stay all night. Claude & Eda to Mr Doyens to tea. Here this evening.

Dec 29 – Bessie Milham[121] here this afternoon. Geo[122] came to tea & spent the eve. Marian & Laverne back this p.m.

Dec 30 – D telephoned for Marian to come home her Mother is sick. LaVerne had teeth filled.

Dec 31 – Claude & LaVerne gone to Pas 7 a.m. Claude came back this p.m. Lela went to Pas on 6 p.m. train.

——-

[1] Her son, Claude Brown

[2] In the back of her 1897 diary, Nancy made the following entry: Friday 31st – Claude goes to Chicago Sunday night on 2 A.M. train to work for Imperial engraving Co. Cor Adams & Clark Sts

[3] Her brother, Ethan Keith

[4] Sarah (Crawford) Keith

[5] Her niece, LaVerne Harris, the daughter of Louese (Keith) & Daniel Harris

[6] Believe this to be Hannah (Griffin) Smedley, although Michigan death records reveal she was born January 13, 1816 which would have made her 82 years old in 1898

[7] The husband of Caroline Neumeier who was the sister of Nancy’s son Claude’s future wife, Edith Neumeier

[8] Her daughter, Bess Brown

[9] Galesburg, Michigan, where Nancy’s parents lived

[10] Her sister, Hannah (Keith) Towne

[11] Scotts, Michigan

[12] Nickname for her husband, Henry Brown

[13] In the back of her 1897 diary, Nancy made the following entry: Monday 17 – H.A. & I, Mr & Mrs W & Mr & Mrs Evens spent this eve with Will & Laura

[14] Her mother-in-law, Matilda (Allen) Brown

[15] Her daughter, Lela Brown

[16] Believe this to be Walter “Burton” Meredith, the father-in-law of Nancy’s brother Jim Keith

[17] In the back of her 1897 diary, Nancy made the following entry: Wednesday Jun 26 – 98 – Jim Evens & party left for Klondyke to day. Jim McCall had his leg amputated

[18] Neighbors, Mary Elizabeth (Stephenson) & Dr. Martin VanBuren McKinney

[19] Nancy’s December 16, 1897 entry reported that “Fannie Chandler went to Chicago to enter the training school for nurses.”

[20] Also a nickname for her husband Henry

[21] Believe them to be Frank & Matilda (Neumaier) Doyen; Matilda was the sister of Claude’s future wife, Edith Neumeier

[22] Michigan death records show that Elizabeth (Beckwith) Ford died in Comstock, Michigan on February 11, 1898 and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[23] Hank was a photographer

[24] Jay Ralph Harris, the brother of Daniel Harris Jr., who was Nancy’s brother-in-law

[25] Her sister, Louese (Keith) Harris

[26] The bodice of a dress, or a blouse

[27] Woman’s Christian Temperance Union

[28] Page 1 of the February 28, 1898 Kalamazoo Daily Telegraph reported that a fire broke out on February 26th at Hall Brothers & Co. (a chemical laboratory). Firemen entered the building to try to extinguish the blaze but then an explosion occurred in one of the rooms. Four of the men who died were firemen

[29] In a different handwriting; presumably written by daughter Bess

[30] Her sister and nieces, Louese, Leone & Mildred Harris

[31] Florence was the daughter of Emma (Ford) Turney (see footnote to February 12th entry). Marriage records show that she married George Franklin Bauch in Lucas, Ohio on March 1, 1898

[32] It was noted in the newspaper article that he had a “gash in head; will survive”

[33] Claude’s future wife, Edith “Eda” Neumaier

[34] Her father, Charles Luke Keith Jr.

[35] Michigan marriage records show that Blanche Blake and Edward Stephenson were married in Galesburg, Michigan on March 9, 1898

[36] D. (or D.D.) was the nickname for her brother-in-law, Daniel D. Harris, Jr.

[37] Her brother-in-law, Willis Brown

[38] Her mother-in-law, Matilda (Allen) Brown

[39] Her niece, the daughter of her half-sister, Lois (Keith) Clark Skinner

[40] Her nephew, the son of her sister, Louese (Keith) Harris

[41] Believe this refers to a bicycle

[42] Her half-sister, Lois (Keith) Clark Skinner

[43] Michigan death records and FindAGrave.com show that Charles Elwood Zinn died on April 14, 1898 in Galesburg, Michigan and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, also in Galesburg

[44] Adelbert Skinner who was married to Nancy’s half-sister, Lois

[45] Michigan marriage records show that William Smith and Naomi Coe were married in Kalamazoo, Michigan on April 25, 1898. Perhaps Monica was a nickname or Nancy didn’t know her and was mistaken about her name

[46] Believe she is referring to the men who left to fight in the Spanish-American War

[47] A letter from Henry shows that the address was 1141 Western Avenue

[48] Michigan death records confirm that Porter Olmsted died May 1, 1898 in Kalamazoo, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery in Kalamazoo

[49] Henry’s photograph business

[50] Her sister Louese Harris’ oldest son, who would have been 15 years old; he died February 12, 1887

[51] Nancy’s brother and his family, James, Cora (Meredith), Winifred and Walter Keith

[52] Henry’s brother and his family, Willis, Elizabeth (Ogden), Ray, Perry and Ruth Brown

[53] Her half-sister Lois’ granddaughter, the daughter of William & Ina (Skinner) Holmes

[54] Michigan death records show that Jesse Earl died May 18, 1898 in Comstock, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[55] Believe this is “Edie”. (See footnote to March 4th entry)

[56] Cullin Channing Packard. He is also mentioned in the February 25th and April 25th entries and it would appear he worked with Henry in some capacity in the photography business. Henry also wrote a letter to Nancy on May 1, 1898 comparing his new place to Packard’s. Michigan death records show that he died May 31, 1898 in Kalamazoo, Michigan as a result of shooting himself because of despondency. FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in the Riverside Cemetery, also in Kalamazoo

[57] Edgar Atkins was her husband Henry’s cousin

[58] Her brother and his family: James & Cora (Meredith) Keith and their children, Winifred and Walter

[59] South Haven

[60] Presumably Cullin Packard’s widow, Mary (Caryl) Packard

[61] Shelbyville, Michigan

[62] Chicago

[63] Her brother-in-law Willis Brown and his wife and daughter, Elizabeth (Ogden) and Ruth Brown

[64] Ruth’s father, Henry Ogden

[65] Her dog

[66] Possibly Lizzie’s brother, Charles Ogden

[67] Michigan death records confirm that Willard Mills died on June 23, 1898 in Galesburg, Michigan and FindAGrave.com reveals he is buried in Galesburg City Cemetery in Galesburg, Michigan. He was 90 years old

[68] Believe this refers to money that Henry sent home

[69] This was during the Spanish-American War

[70] Willis Brown’s son, Ray Brown

[71] From Wikipedia.com: The Battle of Santiago de Cuba was a decisive naval engagement that occurred on July 3, 1898, between an American fleet led by William T. Sampson and Winfield Scott Schley, against a Spanish fleet led by Pascual Cervera y Topete, which occurred during the Spanish–American War. The significantly more powerful United States Navy squadron, consisting of four battleships and two armored cruisers, decisively defeated an outgunned squadron of the Royal Spanish Navy which consisted of four armored cruisers and two destroyers, sinking all the Spanish ships without losing a single ship of their own. The crushing loss sealed American victory in the Cuban theater of the war, alongside ensuring the independence of Cuba from Spanish rule

[72] Valentina (Seifert) Neumaier

[73] Her cousin, Clara (Milham) Owens

[74] Ruth Owens

[75] Michigan death records confirm that John McBride died August 9, 1898 in Kalamazoo, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Riverside Cemetery, also in Kalamazoo

[76] Sister of D. Harris, Lou’s husband

[77] No record was found; research continues

[78] Michigan death records show that Foster Pratt died August 12, 1898 in Kalamazoo, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery, also in Kalamazoo

[79] See July 28th entry

[80] The 9-9-1898 edition of the Kalamazoo Daily Telegraph on page 3 noted the following: Miss Cora Harris of Shelbyville has a compound fracture of both legs, a dislocated right ankle, a broken shoulder and several bad cuts as a reward for rescuing her pet pug dog from the cars. The dog escaped uninjured and the woman is at the point of death

[81] Neighbors, Mary Elizabeth (Stephenson) & Dr. Martin VanBuren McKinney

[82] Valentina (Seifert) Neumaier

[83] Her mother’s brother, Robert Crawford

[84] She often refers going to her parents’ home as “home”

[85] From the Spanish-American War

[86] Michigan death records confirm that Harold Rogers, age 3, was run over by a streetcar on September 28, 1898 in Kalamazoo and is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Kalamazoo, Michigan

[87] Harold’s parents, Levant & Carrie (Flick) Rogers

[88] Unknown at this time; research continues

[89] Michigan death records show that Andrew Jackson Burdick died in Kalamazoo, Michigan on September 29, 1898 and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery in Kalamazoo

[90] William Rufus Shafter was born in Galesburg, Mich. He served in the Union army during the Civil War and in 1867 joined the regular army, rising to become brigadier general (1897). Shafter was teaching school in Michigan when the Civil War began. He accepted a commission with a Michigan volunteer unit and by war’s end, he had earned the rank of brigadier general of volunteers. In the Spanish-American War he was placed in command of the army that in June, 1898, invaded Cuba. After hard fighting at El Caney and San Juan Hill, the expedition entered Santiago on July 17. Shafter was much criticized, however, because the expedition had been poorly prepared and ill-equipped and the mortality rate from disease was high. Shafter retired in 1899 and was advanced to major general on the retired list in 1901. In 1895 Shafter received the Medal of Honor for meritorious service in the Civil War. Shortly after his promotion to major general in 1901, he retired to his sixty-acre farm adjoining his daughter’s ranch near Bakersfield, California. On November 12, 1906, Shafter, terribly overweight, died at his daughter Mary’s home from an intestinal obstruction complicated by pneumonia. He was buried next to his wife at the presidio in San Francisco, California. His films include: “Surrender of General Toral” (1898) and “Major General Shafter” (1898). In both films he played himself. (From FindAGrave.com)

[91] Mary (Shafter) McKittrick

[92] Celebration of the country’s success and end of the Spanish-American War and honored the troops

[93] Will Pendleton

[94] See July 28th entry

[95] Hank’s aunt, Hannah (Brown) Chase

[96] Don’t know why she referred to her husband Hank that way

[97] Neumaier

[98] Michigan marriage records show that Clarence Schroder married Gertrude Olin in Richland, Michigan on October 19, 1898 (not October 18)

[99] Michigan marriage records show that Arthur Burroughs married Mamie (Wood) Starr in Plainwell, Michigan on October 19, 1898 (not October 18)

[100] This last sentence was written across the October 19, 20 & 21 entries

[101] Malvina (Johnson) Meredith, Cora (Meredith) Keith’s mother

[102] Michigan death records show that Lucinda (Cory) Burdick died October 20, 1898 in Galesburg, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[103] Will and Caroline (Neumaier) Pendleton

[104] Chicago, Illinois

[105] Her paternal first cousin, James “Oscar” Keith

[106] Napoleon B. McKinney. FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Lawton, Michigan

[107] Michigan death records show that Richard Pengelly died November 6, 1898 in Kalamazoo, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery also in Kalamazoo

[108] Michigan death records show that Charles Hitchcock died November 15, 1898 in Pavilion, Michigan and FindAGrave.com confirms that he is buried in Riverside Cemetery in Kalamazoo, Michigan

[109] Michigan death records show that Mary (Sherwood) Bragg (the wife of Leonard Bragg) died November 18, 1898 in Kalamazoo, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Riverside Cemetery in Kalamazoo

[110] Mary (Askins) Bennett’s mother was Louisa (Wyman) Askins Manchester. Michigan death records confirm that she died November 21, 1898 in Kalamazoo, Michigan and FindAGrave.com reveals she is buried in Grand Prairie Cemetery in Westwood, Michigan

[111] Michigan marriage records show that Cora Ridler married Olin Bera in Galesburg, Michigan on November 23, 1898

[112] Napoleon McKinney. See November 4th entry

[113] While we don’t have any of Nancy’s original artwork, below is a photograph that Henry took of Nancy’s rendition of “Pharoah’s Horses” by John Herring which was a very popular print displayed in many homes throughout the early part of the 20th century

[114] Her dog; see below photo of Henry with Zama

[115] Henry and Claude

[116] Etc.

[117] Alida (Carson) Ogden. Her husband, Stuart Ogden, and Lizzie Brown (see footnote to May 16th entry) were siblings

[118] Olin & Cora (Ridler) Bera (see November 23rd entry)

[119] FindAGrave.com reveals that Richard W. Wells died December 19, 1898 and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[120] Her childhood home; where her parents lived in Galesburg

[121] Bess (Nelson) Milham

[122] George Milham; he was Nancy’s paternal first cousin once removed

Pharoahs Horses

PHAROAH’S HORSES

Henry Brown with Zama

Henry Brown with Zama


Scan of 1898 Diary of Nancy Brown

Luke Keith’s 1894 Diary

1894 DIARY OF CHARLES LUKE KEITH, JR.[1]

Jan 1 – I drawed in some corn. Floyd[2] helped me. Verry pleasant day. I went over to the burg[3] in the morning.

Jan 2 – Not do much to day. Doc McBetts[4] called in. Sarah[5] some better.

Jan 3 – Repaired wheel for Laverns[6] doll cab. Nice day. Will, Lois and Ina[7] went to Kalamazoo.

Jan 4 – Husked some. Not do much to day. Sarah sick.

Jan 5 – Not do much but chores.

Jan 6 – Lou and children[8] went home to day. Nancy[9] came up on the Evening train. Mr. Lyman D. Norris died this morning son of Mark Norris formaly Covington Genesee County N.Y.[10]

Jan 7 – At home all day. Lois and Del[11] drove over just at night.

Jan 8 – Nancy here to all day. Killed one of Hannahs[12] hens to take home when she goes.

Jan 9 – Took Nancy over to the 8.20 AM train she went home. Paid my tax $5.42 cts. Pleasant but cold.

Jan 10 – Mr Spinney brot his new horse. He wanted I should keep it for him to day. He was going to the train after Mr Miller. He came up to look over the stock farm. Mr Wm McLary buried to day.[13]

Jan 11 – Sarah some better dont gain her strength verry fast. She sits up some.

Jan 12 – Not verry well. Dont do much but chores and go to the burg. Verry nice pleasant weather no snow. Repairing violin. Mary Flanders here in Evening a while.

Jan 13 – Put the top on my violin. Mrs Julia Bradley and son drove into the yard to get their buggy oiled one of the wheels got noisey. Lois and Will came over to get pump spout made.

Jan 14 – At home. Mrs Sarah Struble & daughter called also Mr Wm Ralph. Put new strings on my violin.

Jan 15 – Not work much to day done some work in house. Sarah not get some better verry fast.

Jan 16 – Mrs Sherman Commings[14] came over to see Hannah about her work. Mrs I. D. L. Schram[15] called in awhile.

Jan 17 – Got in some corn and husked it out. Cloudy not verry cold no snow. Wheat and grass looks green, cattle doing well out. Mrs John Blake[16] called to get some work done.

Jan 18 – Worked some in house and done the chores at the barn.

Jan 19 – At home working round house, shop and barn. Nancy came home on 5 pm train Evening of cours. Rain some.

Jan 20 – Not do much to day. Went over to burg got soup bone, crackers. Mrs Elizabeth Powlison Died this morning wife of the late Isaac Powlison of Rippon.[17]

Jan 21 – At home all day Lois and Will came over just at night. Nice day.

Jan 22 – Nice day. Nancy went home on noon train. I drawed in the last of the corn this afternoon on the sleigh. No snow.

Jan 23 – Husked corn. Mrs R. G. Smith[18] here all day helping Hannah. Old Mr Hunt came over at noon to see if we wanted to buy a Horse. Two tramps called wanted dinner we gave it to them and they left. Snowed like fun.[19]

Jan 24 – Blustry day about 4 inch snow. Not work much. Mr Ralph called brot some thing for aunt Thurseys[20] dress. Coldest night of the month yet.

Jan 25 – Mercury 8 below zero this morning. Lois and Will came over this afternoon a while. Mary Clark Wilcox[21] called in a littl while. Cold day not cloudy.

Jan 26 – Cold day. Not husk but little. Sarah gane verry slow.

Jan 27 – Cold day. No work to day not verry well. Molly calved about six oclock this Evening had a Bull calf son.

Jan 28 – Mr Earl here to dinner. Mary Flanders and Mabel[22] called just at night. Will Clark here a while this Evening.

Jan 29 – Fine day. Husked corn. Henry Crawford[23] came here stayed all night. Had a good visit with him.

Jan 30 – Pleasant day. Took Henry over to the morning train he left for home.[24] Ina came over with me.

Jan 31 – Worked in barn fixed stall for Daizy so she could not get Bills[25] hay away from him.

Feb 1 – Husked corn part of the day. Ethan[26] went to Kalamazoo to see Mr Mays. Mrs Harvey Bush and her daughter Kit[27] called here in Evening to see Hannah. Charleys picture came to day.

Feb 2 – Husked corn some. Took Hannah over to Lois at noon. Ada Newton called to see Hannah.

Feb 3 – I husked some corn and done the chores. Ethan and Will went to Kalamazoo.

Feb 4 – At home all day. Lois and Will came over. Ethan and Will went down to Marts.[28]

Feb 5 – Worked in barn some. Put up some oats to take to mill. Jesse came down brot some papers.

Feb 6 – Husked corn some. Not verry cold. Went to mill took 4 bushels oats, 2 wheat. Ethan went to Kalamazoo to see Ritter[29] and sign the patent papers.

Feb 7 – Finished husking. Nice shiny day snow all gone.

Feb 8 – Not much work to day. Sarah not some better much.

Feb 9 – Worked in barn some. Molly not verry well. Nancy came home to day. Will Clark came over his Horse got skart jumed over the hitching post and broke the thills.[30]

Feb 10 – Not do much but chores. Bes[31] came up on Evening train.

Feb 11 – Edwin and Mary Flanders[32] called here. Mr Earl came down a while.

Feb 12 – The wind blowed the snow piled up in heaps verry blustrous. Lou telephoned for Nancy to come up on the noon train. Leone[33] was worse. She went over to the burg. The wind blew a pert gale.

Feb 13 – Worked in shop on Wills thills. Not verry good going roads verry rough. Bessie went home.

Feb 14 – Finished the thills put on one coat paint. Will came brot letter from Shelby.[34] Leone some better this morning.

Feb 15 – Worked in shop on buggy rech and head block to the old buggy.

Feb 16 – Worked on buggy. Mr Monger came with the horse. Ethan went with him to see how she would travel. Concluded to buy it paid $75. Ethan went over in Evening and got her.

Feb 17 – Not do much to day. Hard cold, headache, some grip mixed in.

Feb 18 – At home not go somewhere. Will Clark came over. Mart and Mary[35] came up. George and Eva Blake came over a while just at night.

Feb 19 – Pleasant and cold. Ethan cleaned the harness. Jesse came down. Will Schuyler called here to see Ethan. Mr Wm Ralph[36] came down and Killed Bill horse.

Feb 20 – No work not verry well. Lois and Will went to Kalamazoo to see Sate.

Feb 21 – No work to day. Nice day plasant and cold. Will came over harnesed up Flory the first time.

Feb 22 – Not doing mutch. Hard cold. Lois came over stayed all day. Cold day. Sate Skinner Died to day.[37]

Feb 23 – Went up in the woods in forenoon. Painted thills in afternoon. Cold blustring day. Mrs Sumner here to have her dress fitted.

Feb 24 – Cold. Not work much, done chores.

Feb 25 – At home. Not go to church. Dell, Lois, Will and Ethan went to Kalamazoo to attend Sates funral. Del took the remains to Waterloo for burial.

Feb 26 – J. O. Keith[38] came just at night sayed all night.

Feb 27 – Oscar here all day. Fine day, no snow.

Feb 28 – Oscar left this morning. Went up to Sam Vanocken and Willard Bateys.[39] Ethan put the leathers on W Wills thills. Pleasant day.

Mar 1 – Will Clark got his thills this morning. Ella Bush came over with him. She brot her dress goods one for Every day use. Ethan drove Flora down to Alvin Lees.[40] She broke the buggy thills.

Mar 2 – Not verry well. Make out to do the chores. Not verry cold.

Mar 3 – Mr George Smith died to day in Chicago. He went there to have an operation performed. He died soon after.[41]

Mar 4 – Mr Smith was brot home to day. He lived in Kalamazoo.

Mar 5 – Mr Smith was buried to day in Oak Grove cemetry, Galesburg.

Mar 6 – At home. Not well cant do much but chores. Nice pleasant weather. Rads sum muddy.

Mar 7 – This was the day that the adevents said the world would be burned and there would be the greatest storm that was ever known but mised fir it was a verry pleasant day in Comstock.[42]

Mar 8 – Nice day. Will came over a while in afternoon. Fastened the handles on his buggy seat.

Mar 9 – No work but chores. Nice weather no snow.

Mar 10 – Ethan and Will Clark went to Kalamazoo. Drove Flora.

Mar 11 – A mis hap. Mr Smith was buried to day in Oak Grove cemetry Galesburg. Mrs Sam Hartwell died to day.[43]

Mar 12 – Ethan and I dug a hole for Bill this forenoon and put him in. Mr Elsie sowing clover. Mr Wheaton sowing clover for Mr Warren Aarron. Car taking up telegraph poles.

Mar 13 – Worked in shop some. Put handle in to Hannahs hammer. Mrs Sam Hartwell buried to day. Verry high wind. Hannah went up to Mrs Schrams.

Mar 14 – Not do much. Picked up some brush along the road west of the orchard. Mr Barber came over this forenoon. Roads quite dusty.

Mar 15 – Fine day. At home doing nothing but chores. Ethan cleaning the Piano.

Mar 16 – Ethan gone to Kalamazoo after Nancy. Mrs Mulenberg and Mrs Kingsley called.

Mar 17 – Nice pleasant day. Went around the square drove Flora.

Mar 18 – Le Milham[44] came up in afternoon. Had little sprinkle of rain. Nancy here.

Mar 19 – Nancy went home on morning train. nice day.

Mar 20 – Some rainy day. Not much work to day.

Mar 21 – Went to mill this morning. Nice morning. Took three bushels wheat. Mrs Mulen Burgh and Mate Ford[45] called in a while.

Mar 22 – At home. Worked in shop some and done the chores. Fine weather for March.

Mar 23 – Some cooler to day. Lou and children came home. All well.

Mar 24 – Workean shop. Got the helve out Charley Whitings ax put in a new helve. Mr. De France the forger went to Jackson state prison centence Eleven years.

Mar 25 – At home as usual on the sabbath day. Whiting got his ax this Evening be gorry.

Mar 26 – Not verry pleasant rather cool. Repaired my old padlock one I had had fifty one years.

Mar 27 – Ground coverd with snow this morning. Lou and children went home on noon train. Some winter to day.

Mar 28 – Not verry well now days. Doing chores. Ethan making patterns for Mr Knapps steam Boat wheel to put Mr Hawks Boat on Gull Lake.

Mar 29 – Not doing any thing but some chores. Some two inches snow. Lelah here.

Mar 30 – All right. Charley Ford[46] brot two loads wood. Jesse Earl[47] came in awhile in fore noon. Will Schuyler called in to see his churn.

Mar 31 – At home. Not doing much some grip. Lelah here found calf in the barn this morning. Daiseys first calf.

Apr 1 – Ethan, Will Clark and Lelah went to Kalamazoo.

Apr 2 – Went to town meeting. Verry nice day. Mr and Mrs Wm Pease called here. Mary and Ninah[48] came up with Mart.

Apr 3 – Verry much rainy day. Not do something. Mr Warren started two teams plowing in west lot for oats.

Apr 4 – At home. Not verry well. No work. Ollie Schram Swaddles girl born to day.[49] All doing well.

Apr 5 – Ethan and Will went to Kalamazoo on beisness. Not obituary but affectionary Married Miss Harriet Taylor and Mr Charles W. Merrill.[50]

Apr 6 – Ethan and Will went to Kalamazoo on more peesness to get what they left yesterday.

Apr 7 – At home attending to the grip as usual. Not do much but chores at barn, help some about the dinner.

Apr 8 – Ethan and Hannah went up to Edwin Flanders. Wil Clark came over and stayed the day. Jesse came down just at night. E Town[51] called just at night brot a package for Hannah.

Apr 9 – Cold and dry cold East wind.

Apr 10 – Not much work to day. Cold wind some rain.

Apr 11 – Cold East wind. Ethan went over and brot Ida over. Mrs Eva Blake came over in afternoon.

Apr 12 – Worked around orchard and garden. Cold wind.

Apr 13 – Not much work to day. Wheat looks hard. So much cold wind.

Apr 14 – Drew dirt and sod. Filled up around the East door and horse block.

Apr 15 – At home. George Blake and wife came over. Nice shiny day. Miss Mary Nobles of Pavilion Genesee Co N.Y. Died to day at 12 oclock noon.[52]

Apr 16 – Drawed dirt in front of Barn. Rhoda Wilcox[53] called this morning. She was going over to the burg to mill. Alvin was sick could not go. Warm nice day.

Apr 17 – Dug out apple tree stumps in orchard. Nice warm weather some dry.

Apr 18 – Dug out two stumps to day. Ethan drawed corn stalks out of the barnyard. Had some thunder shower just at night.

Apr 19 – I cleaned up the yard west side of house and put some sod on around the steps. Hoed out the cumfey. Ethan drawed out the old cornstalks and sowed some raddish and letus. Rained some litle.

Apr 20 – Ethan went to Kalamazoo after Nancy.

Apr 21 – Nancy here doing the work. I worked in orchard and yard.

Apr 22 – Not go to church to day. Ethan and Hannah went up to Scots to Abe Powers.

Apr 23 – Nancy and I washed. Nice day. Lois came over stayed all night.

Apr 24 – Ethan took Nancy home. Fine day. I worked in shop some.

Apr 25 – Ethan and Jo Smith got out manure. Quite warm. I made knife handle. Filled up stump hole in orchard. Mrs Hattie Merrel and Libby Taylor Schram[54] called here a while.

Apr 26 – Nice morning. Mate and Mrs Ford[55] called. Ethan spreading manure. Rained in the night.

Apr 27 – Ethan working around garden. I not do much. Some thunder and rain in the night.

Apr 28 – Set hen to day. Ethan cut the potatoes to plant. Warm day. I not do much to day. Claud[56] came up to the burg on the bobtail.

Apr 29 – Claud came over this morning stayed all night. Nice day.

Apr 30 – Frank Farr plowed and draged the gardens. Fine weather. Senator F. B. Stockbridge died to day in Chicago.[57] Rained in night. Claud went home on the bobtail this morning.

May l – Marked potatoe ground and made some garden.

May 2 – Planted potatoes south of orchard.

May 3 – Ethan and Hannah went to Kalamazoo. Nice warm day. I sawed some wood.

May 4 – Lelah came up on noon train. Not do much but chores.

May 5 – Went over to burg in fore noon got some midlings for Flora and Daisey. Took 13 doz & ½ Eggs over to A. R. Skinner 10 cts for Doz.

May 6 – At home. Lelah here. Ethan and Hannah went down to Mr Peas. Rained just at night.

May 7 – Lelah went home on the 12.25 train PM. Not do much to day.

May 8 – Worked in garden and shop some.

May 9 – Ethan drafting drafting penny in slot machine for John Culver of Kalamazoo.

May 10 – Ethan went to Kalamazoo to see Culver. Rained so he could not come home. He stayed to Hanks. Mr Caywood and Mr Schuyler stopt in and stayed through the shower.

May 11 – Ethan came home this morning. Mr Wesley Merryman Brot Ella Bush over to see about the wedding dress.[58]

May 12 – Went to Kalamazoo stayed to Nancys.

May 13 – Nancy and I went up to Woods Lake in afternoon. There was a big croud cars loaded both ways.

May 14 – At Hanks. Warm day. Stayed untill noon took the 12.52 train for Shelbyville got to Lous about 1.35 pm. Found them all well.

May 15 – At the Harris house. Some cooler some rainy day.

May 16 – At Harris house. Some thunder shower in morning rained verry hard. Cleared of had a pleasant afternoon. Dexa and children[59] started for Onconta New York.

May 17 – Lou and I put down carpet in afternoon. Had a heavy thunder shower just at night rained all night.

May 18 – Rainy and cold north wind. Snowed like fun in afternoon.

May 19 – Snowd in forenoon rained just at night cold north wind. Mended Lous cloths bars. Stell here a while.

May 20 – Cold north wind. D. gone over to farm after eggs. Went over to Mr Merideths[60] just at night. Cold wind.

May 21 – Cold and rainy. Not much going on to day. Farmers cant do much no corn planted yet. Put cloths line from south door to the ice house.

May 22 – Cold and rainy north wind. Some work. D put cistern pump in pantry.

May 23 – Some rain in morning pleasant afternoon. Sawed out shelves for pantry. Put on my new pants.

May 24 – At Harris house. All right. Choring round some not doing much cleaning. Not so cold as usual.

May 25 – Magic lantern show[61] at the schoolhouse this Evening.

May 26 – Nice warm day. D is piling lumber. They are selling a large bill to Mr Monroe of Kalamazoo all oak. I put up screen door for Lou. Some are planting.

May 27 – Some cooler rain some in the morning. Laverne went to Mr Woods.

May 28 – At the Harris house. All right. Cold wind not much rain cloudy cool just at night had a big frost.

May 29 – At Shelby ville. Nice day. Farmers planting some to day.

May 30 – Cold west wind. D. and Jay[62] gone to Plainwel to play Ball. Mr Wait helping clean the hall and setting room. Mrs Merideths[63] carriage came this morning.

May 31 – At the Harris house. All right. Cold west wind. Mr John Peterson buried to day.

Jun l – Verry nice day. Had a poole raising at Shelby ville this afternoon. Raised the stars and stripes.

Jun 2 – At the Harris house. Not doing much. Feed the chickens and pigs.

Jun 3 – Warm and nice shiny day not much wind. D. gone over to the farm took the chickens over the last setting. Mr Wait making cheese.

Jun 4 – At Harris house. Choring, feed chickens and pigs and hog.

Jun 5 – Cool wind. Went up to Mr Woods found them all well.

Jun 6 – At Harris house. Not feeling first rate. Fifty seven years to day I sarted for Michigan.

Jun 7 – At Shelbyville. All right. D. is getting a fair trade now. D. and Meridith are sending lots of wood and lumber to Kalamazoo now days.

Jun 8 – At Lous helping do the house work. Sweep some, fetch up some wood, water the chickens.

Jun 9 – At Ds visiting and looking over the town. They are repairing the church steeple.

Jun 10 – We all went over to the farm to day. Very warm. We killed a big black snake 4½ feet long.

Jun 11 – At Harris house doing chores as usual. Hot as ever getting verry dry.

Jun 12 – At Shelby ville helping Lou get breakfast and dinner, feed the chickens, pigs and hog and do some setting around.

Jun 13 – At Harris house wating for rain same as the rest round here. Lots ball playing. Street full Every Evening. D sells quite a good many goods every day.

Jun 14 – Verry hot. The farmers are cutting some hay. Wheat is coming on quite fast for the weather. Wheat is selling for 50 cts pr bus, wool 10 cts pr pound.

Jun 15 – D sent a lot of cheese to day. He went to the rappids to day. Verry hot. Not feeling verry well.

Jun 16 – At Harris House choring around some.

Jun 17 – At Lous all day. Mrs Meridith and Mrs Johnson[64] came over a while. D went over to the farm Extracted Honey. Had a nice rain.

Jun 18 – Some rainy day. Not much playing ball to day. Helped Lou wash.

Jun 19 – At Harris house choring round helping Lou. Hot.

Jun 20 – At Harris Shelbyville. Verry hot and dry. Making cheese six a day.

Jun 21 – Verry hot night and day hard matter to keep cool. D down to the farm some cultivating.

Jun 22 – Hot. Cant hardly get around. Mercury up in the ninetys.

Jun 23 – At Lou. Not do much but sweat. Had a heavy rain just at night lots thunder and lightning.

Jun 24 – At Harris House. Some cooler some clowdy. A young man got drowned over East in some small lake.

Jun 25 – Helped Lou wash in forenoon. Verry hot day. Fred Nobles building kitchen for Stella Bush. Had a heavy rain thunder and lightning in night.

Jun 26 – Not do much. Verry nice day cool and cloudy. Saw Wakeman.

Jun 27 – Hot morning. Mr Meridith commenced haying to day. Wakeman is working for him. They cut 20 acres grass and got wet.

Jun 28 – At Harris house. Had a heavy wind and rain storm abut four oclock AM some hevy thunder.

Jun 29 – Plasant and hot. D. has gone to the Rappids.

Jun 30 – Left Shelbyville about six AM for Galesburg. Got home about 4 PM all right. Verry hot day.

Jul 1 – At home all day. Will Clark came over. Paid Will Clark ten Dollars.

Jul 2 – Took Dasie up to Crossfields to get a calf.[65] George and Marion[66] came.

Jul 3 – Worked in garden all day. Rather warm. Hoeing. Ethan plowed out the potatoes and corn in garden.

Jul 4 – Ethan, Hannah, George and Marion went to Kalamazoo. Ethan, Hannah an Lou went up to Wm Ralphs to an ice cream celebration. George and Marion stayed to Nancy’s.

Jul 5 – George and Marion came up on the six oclock train this Evening.

Jul 6 – George went to Battle Creek to see the mills. Mr Freman cut the wheat to day.

Jul 7 – George and Marion started for home on the morning train. They are going to Colon[67] and call on Wm Tomlinson.[68]

Jul 8 – At home all day. Will Clark and Ina came over a while.

Jul 9 – Hoed in garden some. Verry much hot day. Went over to burg took the cloths over.

Jul 10 – Hoing some. Mr Ralph drew in wheat. Hot day. Lou and children went up to John Ralphs.[69] I took Lou and children over to Skinners.

Jul 11 – Lou and children came home. Fixed fence, hoed corn. Mr Hiram Hamilton Died to day.[70]

Jul 12 – At home working in garden some. Repaired pump at the house.

Jul 13 – Hoed corn and beans. Verry hot. Lou and Hannah went up to Em Schuylers.

Jul 14 – I took Lou and children up to the cemetry. Lou left for home. Will Clark went with them. They go to H. A. Browns and stay to night.

Jul 15 – At home all day. Verry hot and dry.

Jul 16 – Not work much. Newman Deyo and wife and Isaac Schram called here a while in the afternoon.

Jul 17 – Hoed in garden some. Thermometer 96[?] in shade. Verry dry. Harvesting about through.

Jul 18 – Hoing some. Hot and not much wind. Mercury 108 in shade 127 in the sun.

Jul 19 – Not doing something. Had a nice shower just at night.

Jul 20 – Not doing much. Rainy day nice rain. Had green corn this morning the first of the season.

Jul 21 – At home choring, hoeing some.

Jul 22 – At home. Ethan and Hannah went up to Gull Prarie to Leon Keiths.[71]

Jul 23 – Not doing any thing. Had a dizzy spell this morning. Ethan working up to the bridge by Jesse Earls.

Jul 24 – Sick. Do nothing but hoe some in garden.

Jul 25 – Hannah went to the picknic at Yorkville.

Jul 26 – Ethan went to Kalamazoo west and culver.

Jul 27 – Ethan and Nancy came home this evening all right. Mr Earl and I went down to the cresent stock farm and got some roots for Wm Whitcoms cancer.

Jul 28 – Ethan went to the Burg got the pump rod and bucket repaired. Put the pump in all right.

Jul 29 – At home. Nancy here. Verry warm.

Jul 30 – All right. Nancy here. Quite warm. Not do much.

Jul 31 – Hannah went to Shelbyville to day.

Aug 1 – Ethan painted the new pump. It goes all right.

Aug 2 – Mr Wm H. Knap and Ethan went to Gull Lake. Fine day for fun.

Aug 3 – Ethan went to Kalamazoo. Took Nancy home.

Aug 4 – Hot and dry. Hoed some in garden.

Aug 5 – Mr Earl came down just at night.

Aug 6 – Mr Ralph thrashed the wheat. Nice hot day. Pots thrashed.

Aug 7 – 106 in shade. Not very well to day not do. Hannah went up to Shelbyville.

Aug 8 – At home. Very hot and dry.

Aug 9 – Not do much. To hot.

Aug 10 – Hoed some. Verry dry. Hannah came home from Lous.

Aug 11 – Choring as usual. Ho some in garden, watch the hens.

Aug 12 – At home not go to church. Jesse came down.

Aug 13 – Worked around yard and garden.

Aug 14 – Ethan and I went to Kalamazoo to see the Barnum show. Nice day not verry hot rained some not much rained some in the night.

Aug 15 – Rained some this morning about four Oclock. Hannah went down Ed Galusha in afternoon.

Aug 16 – At home. Worke in shop some. Verry dry no signs of rain.

Aug 17 – Nell Hill brot wheelbarrow wheel to be repaired.

Aug 18 – Made hub for wheel. Ethan took Hannah out to Vicksburg. Will brot Ina over.

Aug 19 – Will Brown and Lizzie[72] called here a while in afternoon or about noon.

Aug 20 – Worked in shop some. Nice day but verry dry.

Aug 21 – Lizzie Brown and Lelah came up. I worked in shop on wheel made the spokes and drove them. Old Mrs Batey Died to day.[73]

Aug 22 – Put rim on wheel. Paper agent called. Jesse came down.

Aug 23 – Mrs Batey buried to day. Oscar, Mary and Herbert[74] here to tea. Verry dry.

Aug 24 – Nell Hill got the wheel. Worked in shop some Vinny on and Levys table and wheel. Bes came up on the six oclock train. Verry smoky.

Aug 25 – Nell paid for making the wheel.

Aug 26 – At home. No one here but Bes H. Hannah at Vicksburg yet.

Aug 27 – Not working much to day. Hot and smokey. Hard plowing. Ethan making patterns for his carpet streatcher. Leone verry sick yet.

Aug 28 – Hot as ever and verry smoky. Bes here yet. Not doing any thing but chores and hardly that.

Aug 29 – Went over to the burg after the oil I left yesterday. Mr Mills moved over to the burg to day. He bot the Starring House on Battle Creek st. Lelah came up to the burg on the six PM train.

Aug 30 – Lelah came this morning. Bes went home. Lots folks went to Kalamazoo to the great Sundy school rally. The Honorable H. D. Streator[75] officiated as grand marshallll sor[?].

Aug 31 – Went over to burg after Lelah. Nice morning. Verry hevy dew.

Sep 1 – At home. Not work much. Verry hot and smoky. Lelah here.

Sep 2 – Hot and dry gardens all dried up. Smoke verry dence. To dry to plow no seeding yet.

Sep 3 – Jim and Cory[76] came to day. They drove down had Mrs Meridiths Horse and carriage. Had a nice rain in the night.

Sep 4 – Nice day cloudy not so verry hot. Mr Harvey Warren threshing to day.

Sep 5 – Jim and Cory here. Not do much work. Mr Warren finished thrashing.

Sep 6 – All at home. Jim and Cory went up to scots.[77] Altha Bell Struble and J. Herbert Keith married to day.[78]

Sep 7 – Ethan went to Kalamazoo to take Lelah home. Nice day. I not do much.

Sep 8 – Hot day. Jim and Cory went to Kalamazoo stay with Nancy to night. Mr John Van Blake Vleck buried to day.[79]

Sep 9 – At home all day. Etta Tompkins here.

Sep 10 – Not do much to day chored around. Hannah and Etta washed. Etta went up to Culls[80] in afternoon. Nice weather have had a nice rain.

Sep 11 – All at home. Etta here helping Hannah make her dresses she is having two made.

Sep 12 – I not doing much. Ethan dug some potatoes. Nice day.

Sep 13 – Mr Mac Lewis came over and whitewashed two rooms. Nice day. Mr Wm Batts Died to day at Augusta.[81]

Sep 14 – Ethan dug potatoes. I done not much. Etta and Hannah put down carpets and done various other chores, worked on dresses.

Sep 15 – Etta went down to Mr Caywoods. I took two wagon poles over to Wm Lee.

Sep 16 – Ethan and Hannah went up to Herb Gilsons. Verry fine day. Etta came back just at night.

Sep 17 – At home. Drying apples and peaches. Etta went home on the Eight oclock am train.

Sep 18 – Pairing apples and peaches. Claud came on the noon train. Ethan digging potatoes.

Sep 19 – Working at the apples and peaches. Verry nice weather. Mr Myers and Mr Stoner pulling beans. Claud went up to Richland to see his best girl. He drove Flora. Etta went to the Asylum to day.

Sep 20 – Mr Myers pulling beans. He drawed one load home in the afternoon. Claud went over to Skinners stayed all night. Dell and Lois went to Shelbyville to day.

Sep 21 – Workeat at peaches and other chores about the house. Nice weather. Claud here.

Sep 22 – Claud went home on the Eight oclock am train. Ethan took Hannah up to Rass Towns[82] this morning.

Sep 23 – At home all day. Quite a high cool wind all day. George Blake and wife came over just at night.

Sep 24 – Went over to burg in morning after shugar, cinnamon, mustud and celery seed fo to put in de preserves.

Sep 25 – At home. Working at peaches and apples. Verry nice weather.

Sep 26 – Hannah went to Kalamazoo to day. Peeling peaches as usual.

Sep 27 – Ethan went to Kalamazoo after Nancy she not come. Claud went to Chicago. Cora no go. Winnifred[83] sick.

Sep 28 – Winnifred better. Cora went home to day. Will Clark was there when she got home. Nancy came up on noon train.

Sep 29 – I went over to burg got one tyre set on buggy 40 cts. Will Clark came home. Nellie McBeth married to day to Frank Mills, Ephraim Mills son.[84]

Sep 30 – At home all day. No one here but our own famlee. Not verry cold.

Oct 1 – Choring as usual. Not do much. Paired some peaches.

Oct 2 – Mr Stoner came and put shingles on the barn. Rained some.

Oct 3 – Working around house and barn. Iva Knapp commenced work for Hannah.

Oct 4 – Working in barn and around house some. Not feeling first rate.

Oct 5 – Saw some wood and done chores and eat breakfast, dinner and supper.

Oct 6 – Worked all day. Charley and Clara Clark[85] came to day. Jesse Earl and Alvin Holmes came down a while.

Oct 7 – Clark family here all day. Lois and Will came just at night.

Oct 8 – Charleys folks went home on the Eight oclock AM train. Ethan made quilt frames for Mr Wheatons folks.

Oct 9 – Rather cool. Not do much. Went up to the woods saw two ground hogs holes and one rabbit.

Oct 10 – At home. Working in house and doing chores as usual. Cory Ridler and Ivy Knapp sewing for Hannah.

Oct 11 – Mrs Chesebrow died this Evening.[86] Not work much to day.

Oct 12 – Went up to Bert Elcies after my hlter I lot in the road. Elsie found it ner Jesse Earls. Had a thunder shower in the night rained hard very heavy thunder.

Oct 13 – Some rainy day. Repaired the cistern pump. Ethan and Hannah went up to Ras Townes in Evening. Hannah stayed all night. Mrs Chesebrow buried to day.

Oct 14 – At home. Ethan went down to Marts. Young Mr Wakefield there to see Mary.

Oct 15 – Made Evener for Mr Caywoods Democrat wagon. I am Eighty one years old to day and verry well. A verry nice day. Ethan went after Hannah this morning.

Oct 16 – Cutting the sassafras along the road fence west of the house.

Oct 17 – Cutting grubs west on the road. Fine weather for October.

Oct 18 – Grubbing to day. Went down to Mrs Streators[87] with Will Clark. They took up Mr M. O. Streators[88] remains and put them in the new cemetry at Galesburg.[89] Clarra and Mary[90] came up to day.

Oct 19 – Cutting grubs as usual. Rained some not verry cold sun came quite warm in the middle of the day.

Oct 20 – Cut brush in the road west of the house. Mr Right moved old Mrs Rawsons[91] and Calvin Streators[92] remains to the Oak Grove cemetry at Galesburg to day.

Oct 21 – Verry nice warm day sun shown all day. Ina came over. Rained in the night quite hard. A young man hurt East of the burg. He was on his wheels ran into or onto a horse and carriage run one of the thills into his bowels.

Oct 22 – Lelah[93] went home on the Eight oclock this morning. I went to mill tok 3 bushels wheat.

Oct 23 – Cut grubs west of the house. Nice day with sunshine and rain mixed in.

Oct 24 – Chored around worked some in barn. Ethan worked on the road down by the river.

Oct 25 – Trimed some grubs for wood. Lois came over stayed all day. Ethan turned some knobs for Mr Stoner.

Oct 26 – Trimed grubs for wood and cut some weeds. Not verry well.

Oct 27 – Drawed three loads poles in afternoon. Nice day.

Oct 28 – At home all day. George and Evva Blake came over a while in afternoon. Fine day.

Oct 29 – Went up to the woods after hitching posts. Quin Streator[94] called in a while just at night. Ras and Eunice[95] came down. Rained quite hard a while.

No entries for October 30 or 31

Nov 1 – Went to Kalamazoo with Will Clark. Stayed to Nancys all night.

Nov 2 – Ethan and his mother[96] came down to Nancys to day. Ethan went home just at night. Had a hevy shower.

Nov 3 – I went up to Shelbyville on noon train. Found them all well. Ogden Tomlinson[97] soke at Shelbyville school house this Evening.

Nov 4 – At the Harris house all day. Not verry well.

No entries for November 5-8

Nov 9 – Snowed all day like blazes not verry cold. Mr Wait making cheese now. He made two fifty pound cheese to day and piled a lot of wood. One of the boys swollowed a big tack.

Nov 10 – Left Shelbyville for home on the morning train. Lou an the children came with me. Ethan went to Kalamazoo after his mother.

Nov 11 – All at home today. Mr Earl came down a while.

Nov 12 – At home choring as usual. All well.

Nov 13 – Working around house and yard.

Nov 14 – Morice Clapp buried to day.[98]

Nov 15 – Ethan working in shop. Lou and children here.

Nov 16 – Lou and children went to Kalamazoo on the morning train.

Nov 17 – Banked up the cellar windows to day.

Nov 18 – At home. Not go to church today.

Nov 19 – Working around as usual. Rather cool. Roads rough.

Nov 20 – Not do much to day. No feel so shmart. Charley Ford drawing wood.

Nov 21 – C. Ford drawind wood. I cut some old apple trees for wood. Mr Wick wire and sister wer shot this Evening by some unknown man.[99]

Nov 22 – A verry nice day. We drawed two loads saw dust from the mill. Will Clark came over and got his buggy spoke fixt.

Nov 23 – At home doing what I have to do, chores and other work.

Nov 24 – Working around barn and house. Saw some wood, work in shop some.

Nov 25 – At home. Fiddle some, whittle some. Nice weather.

Nov 26 – Nancy came up this morning. Had her cloak metamefosed[?].

Nov 27 – Nancy went home this Evening.

Nov 28 – At home. All right. Doing not much.

Nov 29 – At home. Not verry well now days. Verry nice weather.

Nov 30 – All right. No snow. Good wheeling. Fine weather.

Dec 1 – Ethan making pattern for Will Schuylers churn dasher. Hannah and Bess went to Kalamazoo this Evening. George and Eva Blake came over just at night.

Dec 2 – At home. Not go to church to day. Verry shiny day. Lots folks went to church.

Dec 3 – Doing house work to day. Hannah came home this morning on the Eight oclock train.

Dec 4 – Choring around and saw some wood. Verry nice weather. Ethan working on the churn pattern he cast the mittle pattern.

Dec 5 – Ethans cast casting came out all right. Mr Lewis K. Townsend buried to day.[100] A verry pleasant day.

Dec 6 – Went to mill. Not work much. Not verry well. Nice day pleasant October weather. Ethan finishing up dash pattern.

Dec 7 – Working round house some. Cool wind no rain.

Dec 8 – Not do much work but chores. Nice weather for winter no snow.

Dec 9 – At home. Hannah and Mate Ford went up to Nick Hass.

Dec 10 – Worked in shop some and done chores around house.

Dec 11 – Worked on Guitar an violin. Nice day. Ethan went to Kalamazoo see West[101] and Ritter[102] about selling the hay loader and cocker. Charles Brown died to night.[103]

Dec 12 – Worked some on Guitar. Stormy day. Not verry well.

Dec 13 – Put bottom on Guitar. Nice day warm and dry October weather. Ethan working on wheel pattern. Jesse Turner 95 years old to day.[104]

Dec 14 – Worked on Guitar and violin. Mr Charles Brown buried to day. Nice day.

Dec 15 – Worked in shop some and out door some, in the house some.

Dec 16 – At home no one here to day. Old Mrs Joy buried to day.[105]

Dec 17 – Worked in shop some done some house work too. Fine weather. Mr Warrens team plowing for corn.

Dec 18 – Worked on violin and done the chores. Went over to the burg just at night. Paid my tax $5.28 cts.

Dec 19 – Verry nice day sun shown all day dry fall weather good wheeling.

Dec 20 – At home. Worke in shop and doing chores. Verry nice shiny weather.

Dec 21 – At home. All well. Ethan work on Mr Knaps wheel pattern.

Dec 22 – Ethan varnished the pattern over once. Ras and Eunice came down just at night. Etta Tomkins came the Evening train. Fine day.

Dec 23 – Etta her all day. Mr Earl came in a while. Hannah and Etta went up Mr Ralphs a while to get some pointers on dress making.

No further entries

——-

[1] Known better, and referred to, as Luke

[2] His grandson, Floyd Harris

[3] Galesburg, Michigan

[4] Believe he is referring to Dr. William McBeth, who was also a neighbor

[5] His wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith

[6] His granddaughter, LaVerne Harris

[7] His daughter, Lois (Keith) Clark Skinner, and her children, Will Clark and Ina Skinner

[8] His daughter, Louese (Keith) Harris, and her children, LaVerne, Floyd and Leone Harris

[9] His daughter, Nancy (Keith) Brown

[10] Michigan death records show that Lyman Norris of Grand Rapids, Michigan, died there on January 6, 1894 and FindAGrave.com shows that he is buried in Highland Cemetery, Ypsilanti, Michigan

[11] Lois’ second husband, Adelbert Skinner

[12] His daughter, Hannah Keith

[13] Michigan death records show that William McClary died January 7, 1894 in Charleston, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[14] Neighbor, Cornelia (Daniels) Comings

[15] Neighbor, Olive (Atkinson) Schram

[16] Neighbor, Frances (Thomas) Blake

[17] FindAGrave.com shows that Sarah Elizabeth (Allen) Powlison died in Wheatland, North Dakota on January 21, 1894 and is buried in the Wheatland Cemetery there. She and her late Husband, Isaac Powlison, had previously been neighbors with the Keith family back in the 1880’s

[18] Neighbor, Hannah (Flint) Smith, the wife of Russel G. Smith

[19] Luke uses this phrase quite often. The Oxford Dictionary gives its meaning as “vigorously or quickly”

[20] Unknown who this is referring to; research continues

[21] Neighbor, Mary (Clark) Wilcox

[22] Neighbors, Mary (Smith) Flanders and her daughter, Mabel Flanders

[23] Brother of his wife Sarah

[24] South Bend, Indiana

[25] His horse

[26] His son, Ethan Keith

[27] Neighbors, Laura (Burdick) Bush and her adult daughter, Catharina Bush

[28] Martin Milham, son-in-law of Luke’s late sister, Catharine (Keith) Bradley Lee

[29] On February 10, Ethan applied for a patent of his hay cocker invention which was granted on July 31, 1894 and contained the following designation: Ethan B. Keith, of Galesburg, Assignor of One-Half to William R. Ritter, of Dowagiac, Michigan

[30] The two poles between which a horse is hitched to a wagon

[31] His granddaughter, Bess Brown

[32] Neighbors, Edwin & Mary (Smith) Flanders

[33] His granddaughter, Leone Harris

[34] Shelbyville, Michigan, where Lou and her family lived

[35] Martin Milham and his daughter, Mary Milham

[36] The uncle of Luke’s son-in-law, D. Harris

[37] Michigan death records confirm that Sarah “Sate” Skinner died February 22, 1894 and FindAGrave.com reveals she is buried in the Quaker Cemetery in Waterloo, New York. Sate was Adelbert Skinner’s sister

[38] Luke’s nephew, James “Oscar” Keith

[39] The brother of Oscar Keith’s wife, Mary Ann (Batey) Keith

[40] Alvin Lee was the son of Luke’s first cousin, Charles Lee, & Juliana Davis

[41] FindAGrave.com confirms that George Smith died in Chicago, Illinois on March 3, 1894 and that he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[42] Family story has it that the family ate their dinner and then went up to the top of a hill behind the house to watch the destruction, and when it didn’t happen they were disappointed that they had to come back to a sink full of dirty dishes

[43] FindAGrave.com shows that Kate Hartwell died in Galesburg, Michigan on March 10, 1894 and was buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery

[44] Ansel “Lee” Milham, the son of Luke’s late niece, Lucy (Lee), & Martin Milham

[45] Neighbor, Mary Ann “Mate” (Thompson) Ford

[46] Neighbor, Charles Ford; husband of Mate (see footnote to March 21st entry)

[47] Neighbor and “shirttail relative”

[48] Ninah Bell Milham

[49] Michigan birth records show that Erma Adeline Swaddle was born in Charleston, Michigan on April 4, 1894 to Edward & Olive (Schram) Swaddle

[50] Michigan marriage records confirm that Harriet Taylor and Charles Merrell were married on April 5, 1894 in Galesburg, Michigan

[51] Erasmus Towne, neighbor, and Charley Towne’s brother

[52] Mary Nobles was the first cousin of Luke’s second wife, Jerusha (Crittenden) Keith. Mary was the daughter of John & Mary “Polly” (Sprague) Nobles. She is buried in Pavilion Cemetery, Pavilion, New York

[53] Rhoda (Lee) Wilcox, Luke’s cousin and Alvin Lee’s sister

[54] Sisters, Hattie & Libby Taylor. Hattie had recently married (see April 5th entry). Flora Elizabeth “Libby” Taylor had been married to Isaac Schram, however by 1880 they were divorced and Hattie and Libby were living together

[55] Presume this is Mate’s mother-in-law, Adelia (Tompkins) Ford

[56] His grandson, Claude Brown

[57] FindAGrave.com reveals that Francis Brown Stockbridge died April 30, 1894 in Chicago, Illinois and that he served as the Republican Senator from Michigan from 1887 until his death in office in 1894. He is buried in Mountain Home Cemetery in Kalamazoo, Michigan

[58] Michigan marriage records show that Wesley Merriman and Ella Bush were married on May 16, 1894 in Galesburg, Michigan

[59] Wife and children of Jay Harris (see footnote to May 30th entry), Dexa (Strait) and Starr and Isabelle Harris

[60] Walter “Burton” Meredith, the father of Cora Meredith, the wife of Luke’s son, Jim Keith

[61] Hand painted glass slides were enhanced by the “Showman’s” performance as he narrated and wove stories with the stunning original images from the 1800’s. Go to https://youtu.be/x1auoWwB1Cc to see a Magic Lantern show

[62] D. Harris’ brother. Jay supposedly played with the Detroit Tigers; however, a search of the Detroit Tigers All-Time Roster (Wikipedia), a list of players who appeared in at least one game, failed to show a listing for Jay Harris

[63] Malvina (Johnson) Meredith, mother of Cora Meredith, the wife of Luke’s son Jim Keith

[64] Malvina Meredith and her mother, Charlana (Adams) Johnson

[65] In other words, taking his cow to the bull

[66] George & Marion (Sprague) Tomlinson. Marion was Luke’s niece

[67] Colon, Michigan

[68] The relationship between George Tomlinson and William Tomlinson is unknown at this time

[69] The brother of William Ralph (see footnote to February 19th entry)

[70] Michigan death records confirm that Hiram Hamilton died on July 11, 1894 in Pavilion, Michigan. No burial information was found

[71] His grand-nephew, James Leon Keith, the son of James “Oscar” Keith

[72] Willis & Elizabeth (Ogden) Brown. Will was Hank Brown’s brother

[73] Mary Ann (Batey) Keith’s mother, Eliza (Olds) Batey. Michigan death records confirm that she died August 21, 1894 in Pavilion, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[74] James “Oscar” & Mary Ann (Batey) Keith and their son, John Herbert Keith

[75] Neighbor, Henry “Harry” D. Streator

[76] His son and daughter-in-law, James & Cora (Meredith) Keith

[77] Scotts, Michigan

[78] Michigan marriage records confirm that they were married in Kalamazoo, Michigan on September 6, 1894. John Herbert Keith was the son of James “Oscar” and Mary Ann (Batey) Keith

[79] FindAGrave.com shows that John VanVleck died September 8, 1894 and that he is buried in the Augusta Cemetery, Augusta, Michigan. No death record was found for him

[80] Neighbor, Cullen Towne; Charley Towne’s brother

[81] FindAGrave.com shows that William Batt died September 13, 1894 and is buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan. No death record was found for him

[82] Neighbor, Erasmus Towne; Charley and Cullen Towne’s brother

[83] His granddaughter, Winifred Keith; Jim and Cora’s two-year old daughter

[84] Michigan marriage records show that Nellie McBeth married Frank Mills on September 29, 1894 in Galesburg, Michigan

[85] His grandson, Charles Clark, and Charles’ wife, Clara (Youngs) Clark

[86] According to FindAGrave.com, Sarah (Hand) Chesebrough died October 11, 1894 and is buried in North Athens Cemetery, Athens, Michigan. No death record has been found

[87] Neighbor, Laura (Rawson) Streator

[88] Laura’s late husband, Marius O. Streator

[89] Oak Grove Cemetery

[90] Most likely Clara and Mary Milham, daughters of Martin Milham, Luke’s grandnieces

[91] Mary (Flynn) Rawson, Laura (Rawson) Streator’s mother

[92] The son of Marius & Laura (Rawson) Streator

[93] His granddaughter, Lela Brown

[94] Believe this is referring to John Quincy Streator, the son of Marius & Laura (Rawson) Streator

[95] Erasmus & Eunice (Wood) Towne

[96] Don’t know why he refers to his wife in this way

[97] Ogden was the half-brother of George Tomlinson (see footnote to July 2nd entry)

[98] FindAGrave.com shows that Edwin M. Clapp Jr. died November 12, 1894 and was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan. He was the son of Edwin & Mary (Stedman) Clapp, and Luke’s neighbor

[99] From an article in the 11-22-1894 Kalamazoo Daily Telegraph: William Wickwire and his sister, Maria Wickwire, were shot; William three times and Maria once; both survived

[100] Michigan death records show that he died December 2, 1894 in Comstock and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[101] Lucius West, patent attorney

[102] See footnote for February 6th entry

[103] Michigan death records show that Charles Brown, age 23, died December 12, 1894 in Charleston, Michigan and lists his cause of death as Tonsillitis. FindAGrave.com shows he was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan. Michigan death records show that Charles’ younger brother Howard, age 10, died of Tonsillitis also on December 4, 1894

[104] His maternal first cousin

[105] Cynthia (Kingsley) Joy. Michigan death records show that she died in Comstock on December 14, 1894 and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

Luke’s 1894 Diary

Luke Keith’s 1890 Diary

1890 DIARY OF CHARLES LUKE KEITH JR.[1]

Jan 1 – Mercury 46 morn. Not very well. Cool wind rainy day 53 at noon 54 at Evening.

Jan 2 – Mercury 42 morning 31 Evening. Went over to burg.[2] Z. C. Durkee buried.[3] Phil Corey brot here for burial from Topeka Kan.[4]

Jan 3 – Mercury 23 morn. Very pleasant day. Took Lelah and Bes[5] over to the cars.[6] They went home on the 2.15 P.M. train. Mr Corey Buried to day.

Jan 4 – Mercury 29. Cul Town[7] brot load straw. Filed saw for C. Town.[8] Cory Harris[9] here. Took 6 Doz Eggs over to Dell[10] 18 cts pr doz. Coley Durkee came and wrote some in Evening.

Jan 5 – Mercury 58 rainy day. No on here.

Jan 6 – Mercury 27 8:30. At home choring. Nice day. Took Hannah[11] over to Wm Ralphs.

Jan 7 – Mercury 25 31. Theodore[12] came down. I went to Theodores got his ladle. Nice day. Dr A B Spinney[13] here in Evening to see Sarahs[14] glasses to put in new lenzes.

Jan 8 – Mercury 36. Went over to burg. Sent postal to A. B. Spinney Detroit. Cold north west wind all day.

Jan 9 – Choring as usual working round some in shop and barn.

Jan 10 – Went over to burg. Went to printing office. Saw the Labar violin. Rainy night. An Old italion instrument made in the year 1716.

Jan 11 – Mercury 56. Verry warm day strong south west wind. Went over to burg got picture of Jims car.[15] Nancy[16] sick some better to day.

Jan 12 – Mercury 49 noon. At home. Very rainy not cold. Cattle getting most of their living out so far this winter. At 9½ Evening 63 very high wind all night a perfect gale.

Jan 13 – Mercury 28 wind a blowing some snow falling. Quite a tedias day.

Jan 14 – At home. Worked in shop some. Sawed some wood. Went over to burg. Ethan[17] went to Kalamazoo with Charley Town.

Jan 15 – Mercury 40. Went over to burg took over seven Doz Eggs 16¢ pr doz. Cool wind pleasant day. Rather rough wheeling. Not feel very well. Looks stormy. H. E. Sterns & Ella Bennet married this Evening.[18] Jerome Bierly married to day.[19] Filed meat saw for E. Galusha.[20]

Jan 16 – Not very well now days may be some grippe[21] dont know. Evva Blake[22] came over in morning. I went over to burg got some cheese.

Jan 17 – No work to day no ver well. Some cool wind.

Jan 18 – Mercury 37 at 3 P.M. Got two bushels wheat ground wheat 73 cts pr bushel. Hannah went to Kalamazoo to see Nancy. Nice day no snow of any account. Filed buck saw for Charly Town.

Jan 19 – At home all day. Not very rough rained just at night. Hannah down to Nancys.

Jan 20 – Cold wind. Sorted corn in cornhouse. Rather cold work. Hannah came up on morning train. She worked to Lois.[23] Came home in Evening.

Jan 21 – Mercury 14 cold blustring day snowey. Hannah went to Neal Comings this morning. Worst day of the season. Very blustrous all day. No wash to day.

Jan 22 – Mercury morning at zero. Doing chores as usual. Quite a pleasant day but cold in fore part of the day. Very comfortable in middle of the day.

Jan 23 – Choring. Saw some wood. Nice cool day. Washing worked in shop some. Snowed some.

Jan 24 – Fixed up well and pump at the barn. Nice pleasant day. Sharpened two pairs shears and two pinking irons[24] for Mrs Allerton.[25]

Jan 25 – Not much going on to day. Chores. Not very cold.

Jan 26 – Went over to Harry Wilsons to a meeting. So not many there. Rained some. Mr Perse[?] and wife wer thare from Climax and a Mr Mittiman from Scots[26] Blakes folks.

Jan 27 – At home working about as usual. Hannah went to Mate Fords[27] this morning. Fine day.

Jan 28 – Not very cold. Went to Kalamazoo to Hanks.[28] Verry muddy. Rough wheeling.

Jan 29 – At Hanks. Lou and Vern[29] came down in morning stayed all night. Bot wheelbarrow for Floyd.[30]

Jan 30 – Came home started about ten AM. Lou went on noon train. We got home half past one P.M. Came up on north side gefired muddy.

Jan 31 – At home. Some cool wind. Worked round house some, washed &c.[31]

Feb 1 – Not very well. Chored round. Went over brot Lois over. She and Hannah stired up things up stairs and down.

Feb 2 – Home all day. No one here. Hannah home. Cool wind.

Feb 3 – Not very well to day feel some grippe. Not do much. Took top of the old violin. Stranger called here to get stock put on gun. Rained all night.

Feb 4 – Mercury 56 [or 66] at noon. Went over to burg after Hannah Smith.[32] She [and] Hannah sew this week. Charley Ford[33] brot one cord wood. Nice warm day.

Feb 5 – Mrs Smith here sewing for Hannah.

Feb 6 – Fixing old fiddle. Not very well now days.

Feb 7 – Choring round. Girls sewing. Not verry cold snowey day some.

Feb 8 – Ethan went over after Lois. She came over to help the Hannahs sew. Snows some.

Feb 9 – At home. Will Owens and Clarra Milham[34] here in Evening.

Feb 10 – Went over to burg after Mrs Hannah Smith. I not very well. Put top on the old violin Speery[?].

Feb 11 – Went over after Lois in morning. Ethan took Mrs Smith and Lois home in Evening.

Feb 12 – Not very well. E B[35] went over after Nancy and Lelah. I went over at noon after Hannah. Took 7 Doz Eggs 1/-[36] pr Doz. Nice weather.

Feb 13 – Very pleasant day. Ground bare no snow nice April weather. The Fisher girls came down to day Fanny and Mary.

Feb 14 – Some rainy rainy. Not much well to day. Fanny and Mary went home in forenoon. Went over to Not go over to burg.

Feb 15 – Very nice day. Nancy and Lelah went over to Lois after noon. They go home on the 9.20 train Evening. Hannah goes with them. She goes up to Lous next week.

Feb 16 – Nice kind of a day. George and Clara came up.

Feb 17 – Mercury 63. Fine day April weather no rain no snow ground bare. Cattle runing out to grass and have been all the winter so far.

Feb 18 – Mercury 41 in morning. Killed Major[37] this morning. Went over to Charleys got hand pump. Cleaned the East window in shop. Thad Clapps Aniversary wedding to day.[38] Jim came home to day. Will Brown[39] here to dinner.

Feb 19 – Fine day. Got three Bushels wheat of C. Town. Took it to mill. Jim and Cory[40] here. Charley and Mate here in Evening.

Feb 20 – Took Fan down to Charley Fords to get a Jersey calf no get him.[41] Jim took Cory up to Stella & Mary Milhams[42] this morning.

Feb 21 – Jim and Cory went to Shelbyville[43] to day. I not ver well not do much to day. Fan cutting up generally. Lois came over. Cold wind.

Feb 22 – Mercury 30 in Evening. Sarah and I went up to Will Browns to day. Pleasant but cool wind.

Feb 23 – At home. Cold wind stormy in fore part of the day snow and rain all clear in afternoon. Mr Edwin and John Thresher here in forenoon to see draft of the press.

Feb 24 – Rather cloudy foggy damp day. Sally[44] and I done a two weeks washing to day all right got the clothes dry and in at night. We thought that we done well.

Feb 25 – Jim went up to Will Browns. Rainy afternoon and Evening.

Feb 26 – Jim started for home on the 2.22 PM train. Went to Kalamazoo took the 5 oclock Express. Ed Knapp married to day at Grand Rapids.[45] D Harrises[46] Barn and Horses, cow and calf Burnt.

Feb 27 – Went to burg. Took 12 Doz Eggs 1/- pr doz 1.44. Jim takes his car 12.4 this PM. Ed and Lady came home to day. Ed Swaddle and Olive Scrahm wer married this Evening.[47]

Feb 28 – At home doing chores as usual. Not very cold some rainy day. Melted up my lead[?].

Mar 1 – Mercury 10 Abz[48] snowey fore noon about a inch snow. About all gone at night. Cut out small calipers. Hannah came home from Shelby.

Mar 2 – At home. All well. Hannah home to day.

Mar 3 – Cold wind March weather. Wm Ralph left his gun here. He is making stranger up to _____ _____. Hannah went to Harve Thomas this morning.

Mar 4 – Snows and blows rather squally day. Filed saw for Nell Hill. 14 Eggs to day.

Mar 5 – Mercury 2 Abz. Worked in shop some. Put callipers together. Took Sarah over to Fanny Towns.[49] Cold wind no snow. Hannah over to Louese Blakes. 9 Eggs to day.

Mar 6 – Not very cold rather pleasant for March. Work round. Took Sarah over to Lois.

Mar 7 – Went over to burg. Got Door of Lois. Mrs Richard Barber Died half past Eleven AM.[50]

Mar 8 – Worked up stairs puting of door to the little beds room. Pleasant day.

Mar 9 – Nice pleasant day. Mrs Richard Barber buried to day. Dr A. B. Spinney preached the Funeral sermon asisted by Rev Hickmot at the congregational church Galesburg.

Mar 10 – Mercury 35 2 inches snow this morning rained most of the day. Hannah went over to Cora Beaches this morning. Cora came after her. Nancy went home on the 2.27 run. A. B. Spinney at Towns last Evening went _____.

Mar 11 – Work at the cloths press up stairs. Now days all right. Nice some rainy day.

Mar 12 – Not much work to day. Not feelum some good. Filed saw for Charly Town.

Mar 13 – Hannah went down to Mr Mitchels this morning. I went over to Burg bot hooks for cloths press 40 cts. Took over 10 doz Eggs 12 cts pr Doz. Bot shugar, soda crackers, cheese, starch, thread & twist.

Mar 14 – Went to Kalamazoo on the 8.25 run. Stayed there until Evening took the 7 oclock train went to Shelby vile. Snowed like fun.[51]

Mar 15 – At shelby ville. Cold and snowey. All well as usual. Leone[52] better seems to be improving.

Mar 16 – At Shelby ville. All well as usual.

Mar 17 – At Shelby ville.

Mar 18 – At Shelby ville.

Mar 19 – At Shelby ville.

Mar 20 – At Shelby ville.

Mar 21 – At Shelby ville.

Mar 22 – At Shelby ville.

Mar 23 – At Shelby ville. D and I went over into Mr Meridith[53] woods no find any game to shoot at. Found a bottle. D set it up smashed it the third shot.

Mar 24 – Left Shelby ville on the 8.15 train for Kalamazoo. Freight train broke down at Monteith which detained us about ___ hours. Got to Hanks about noon. Came up on the 6 oclock train.

Mar 25 – At home. Not do much. Snow all gone.

Mar 26 – Pleasant quite a cold west wind. Theodore and Mr Barber[54] sawed wood in afternoon.

Mar 27 – Took Sarah over to Barbers in fore noon. Took ten doz Eggs over to Lois 10 cts pr Doz. Went over after Sarah just at night. Cold and blowed hard something of a snow squall.

Mar 28 – Some 3 inches snow this morning and snowing and blowing like blazes. Hannah came home from Scots.

Mar 29 – Worked up sairs [stairs] put casing on the bedroom door. Put hoos [hooks] on for the closet. Ethan went to the city to see Mr West.[55] Hannah c[ame] home in Evening from Culs.

Mar 30 – Mercury 14 or 15. Neal Commings[56] and Mrs Sam Kingsley[57] called here in afternoon. Jesse Earl[58] here. Will and Clara Caywood[59] called just at night ¼ past 78 Evening 25 abz.

Mar 31 – Ethan and Bes came up on the 7.27 train this morning. Hannah at home to day.

Apr 1 – Took bill[60] over to Mr Mungers got his teeth cut down. Paid one Dollar. Took Sarah over to A. Hoags.[61] Mary Mason very bad don look as thought she can stand it long.

Apr 2 – Not very well. Not do much. Very nice day. George and Evva Blake[62] called here awhile. Herbert Keith[63] came here this afternoon. Stayed all night.

Apr 3 – Mercury 50 & 56 rainy day. Ethan too Herb up to Mrs Bateys[64] in afternoon. Ethan went over to burg in Evening.

Apr 4 – Lou and the children[65] came on the noon train to Kalamazoo to see Spinney. She stayed to Nancys all night.

Apr 5 – Nancy and Lou came up on 2.22 PM train to the burg. Lou and children came over in Evening.

Apr 6 – Nancy and Lois Lois came over this morning. Doc McBeth[66] brot them over. He was going down to Mr Caywood to see Tena. Some rainy day.

Apr 7 – Went to Town Meeting. Nice day. Lou and children here. Nancy and girls went home.

Apr 8 – Fine warm day. Went over got the carriage mended paid one Dollar. Stell Milham here in Evening. Some thunder and rain.

Apr 9 – Took Lou and children over this morning she went home. Theodore sowed some clover & Timothy seed this afternoon.

Apr 10 – Theodore finished sowing the clover seed. Allice[67] here most all day. Nice day.

Apr 11 – Ver pleasant day. Mr. J. T. Allerton[68] got Ed Flanders[69] called this morning. I drew down two loads of wood that Theodore and Barber cut.

Apr 12 – Mr. I. C. Abbot Died this morning.[70] Cleaned up yard. Opened cellar window. Hannah came home from Wm Ralphs.

Apr 13 – Mercury 15 in morning. Ethan and Hannah went down to Marts[71] in afternoon. Very warm day. Hannah stopt to Mr Caywoods.

Apr 14 – Went over to burg to I. C. Abbots funral in afternoon. Fine day. Washed in forenoon. Henry Rennison Died to day.[72]

Apr 15 – Mercury 34. Cleaned up yard. Put chip manure on the asparagas bed and around some of the trees. Charleys hired boy finished rolling the East lot.

Apr 16 – Very nice day. Went over to burg at noon after Kate and Blanch.[73] They no come. Went over agan at six PM. They came out that train all right.

Apr 17 – Kate and Blanch here. Warm day. I laid up fence on hill south of house. Cut some bushes. Put up some fence up by the woods. Ethan and Blanch went after Hannah down to Caywoods.

Apr 18 – Mrs Hannah Smith[74] here. They are making a dress for Kate. I went over to the burg. Dress lining for Kates dress. Blanch Lois here in afternoon.

Apr 19 – Ethan took Blanch over to Lois in morning. She stayed over. Kate and Blanch went to South Bend[75] on the 2.15 train PM. Nice warm day.

Apr 20 – At home. No one here. Hannah at home.

Apr 21 – Went over to Express office sent Kates dress 35 cts. Got some _____ plant roots of Dell. Set them out. Drew one load wood. Warm days very dry. Put Eleven letters in the Post office to day.

Apr 22 – Cut grubs and grape vines around East lot. Very warm day. I. D. L. Schram[76] planted potatoes.

Apr 23 – Mercury 50 in morning rany morning. Not much work to day.

Apr 24 – Picked up and burnt brush in orchard. Very fine day. Allis called here a while. Hannah came home at night. Etta came over in Evening. East wind. Mr Martin Died.[77]

Apr 25 – Not work much. Washed the carriage. Pleasant day. Cool East wind.

Apr 26 – Went to Kalamazoo. Rained all the after noon and evening. Put Bill in the water street. Farmer Sheads stayed to Hanks all night. Cellery Martin buried.

Apr 27 – Came home in the afternoon. Edna senator was at Hanks boarding a few days. We got home about sundown. Nice day.

Apr 28 – Took Hannah over to R. G. Smiths. Went and saw Dick about plowing the garden. Went up to Herbs[78] to get the ladder.

Apr 29 – Verry nice day. Went over to burg in morning bot 50 lbs flour $1.12½ cts, one bunch shingles 38 cts. Went over at noon bot 50 lbs flour $1.12½ cts, one bunch shingles 38 cts. Theodore put on shingles.

Apr 30 – Mercury 40 nice warm day. Went over in morning got another bunch shingles. Theodore came down and put them on. Rained some. I took the ladder home. Drew one load wood.

May 1 – Cut commenced plowing for corn. I burned some weeds and brush. Nice day.

May 2 – Theodore and Barber cutting wood. I drew three loads wood. Chauncey Pond died to day at Pearl Creek Wyoming Co N.Y. Ae 78 years & 7 mos.[79]

May 3 – Warm nice day. Jo Smith came over and helped me draw manure. Had a shower in afternoon some thunder and lightning. Theodore and Barber sawing wood. Paid Theodore $3.00 Jo 1 dollar.

May 4 – At home most all day. Went over to burg took in morning. Took a package over to R. G. Smiths.

May 5 – Cul and Lee plowing. I took out some grubs. Hurt my back. Turned Fan into the East lot to day.

May 6 – Some snow in the area rain some ledle. I cant hardly get around to much lame back. Cul plowed garden and finished plowing corn ground.

May 7 – Lame back no work. Cool south wind. Cull and Lee plowing and draging and marking some.

May 8 – Back no better. Took Hannah over to McNaughtons. Cull commenced planting. Cool wind.

May 9 – Back no better. Rainy forenoon some rained all night cold wind.

May 10 – Rainy morning rained until about 4 PM. Charly drilling his pins. Very cold disagreable day. Mr Warner came over to hire out to C A Town.[80] Theodore working for Town.

May 11 – Went over to burg in morning after Lois. She came over stayed all day. Fine day.

May 12 – Rainy day some. Ethan marked out potatoe ground. Got the potatoes out of the cellar. My back no better. Mr Warner commenced work for Charly Town. Theodore sowed clover seed for C. A Town not much.

May 13 – Nice day. Ethan planted potatoes south of orchard. Cloudy day. Ira Joy and Cogswell called in to see moddle of Elevator. Took 10 ½ Doz Eggs to Lois 10 cts pr doz.

May 14 – Worked round some. Made mallet to nock manure with. Cold wind.

May 15 – Went up to Herbs got garden seed 30 cts. We washed. Pleasant day cold wind.

May 16 – Nice day warm. Cul Town finished planting my corn. Mrs George Blake here this afternoon. George helped Mr Foster plant corn.

May 17 – Pleasant quite cold wind. Fixed up fence on hill.

May 18 – At home. Will and Lizzie Brown[81] here. Fine day. Edwin and Mary Flanders[82] called here in afternoon to see Hannah.

May 19 – Nice pleasant day. Washing day here. Will Brown called here in afternoon.

May 20 – At home. some rainy. Not much work.

May 21 – Mr Orrin Franklin Died this morning.[83] Not very well. Not much work.

May 22 – Not much work. My back not much work better. Dont work much. Took Fan over to Towns to Bull &c. Traded knives with Theodore.

May 23 – Nice warm day warmest day of the season yet. Corn coming up some. Ethan planted some Beans.

May 24 – Nice warm day. Went to Mr Orrin Franklins Funeral in afternoon. Had a thunder shower in afternoon some wind and rain. Had a big wind south west. Rained all night.

May 25 – Raind hard this morning. Went over and got Ida Barber and children[84] brot them over they stayed all day.

May 26 – Went over to the burg in morning after Nancy. She came up on the 7.28 AM train. Jo Neff here cleaning house. Went over got lime for white washing. Got $.12 at Bank for Hannah.

May 27 – At home choring. Jo here to work. Fine day. Ethan working for Town.

May 28 – Jo here to day. He finished cleaning. Paid him $.45__. Nancy went home.

May 29 – Nice warm weather. Not work much. Ethan over to Charley Towns to work on machine.

May 30 – Ethan over to Towns to work. Fine growing time corn coming on nicely. Hannah at Galushas.

May 31 – Worked in garden all day. Hoed corn, potatoes and potatoe Bugs killed lots of them. Very warm day. Hannah came home.

Jun 1 – At home. No one here. Mr Hiram Toby died this morning.[85]

Jun 2 – Hot morning. Hannah went to Mrs Sumners this morning.

Jun 3 – At home. Not very well. Hoed some in garden. Went over to burg after cabbage and tomatoe plants of Jo Smith. Got Hannahs Bonnet.

Jun 4 – Washing day. Verry hot. Hoed some in garden. Run of some leye for soap. Took Hannah over to Clapps in morning.

Jun 5 – Worked in shop some. Put handle on dipper fo to dip ley &c when I make some soap. Hoed some. Killed some bugs.

Jun 6 – Cul and Lee planting in corn. Mr Crossfield[86] and Jesse Earl called here. Mrs R. G. Smith here helping Hannah. Nice growing time. Jim came home just at night.

Jun 7 – Fine weather. Went over and got Jims trunk this morning. I hoed some in garden. Warm day. McKonky show here in Burg this Evening.

Jun 8 – Fine day. Pioneer called here and took dinner.

Jun 9 – Went over to burg got tomato plants. Took Hannah over to Claps.

Jun 10 – Hannah and Mrs Smith went to J. C. Blakes.[87]

Jun 11 – Hoed some in garden. Cut some grass.

Jun 12 – Took Sarah over to Lois in morming. Ethan and Charley Town went to Kalamazoo. ____ planted peanuts.

Jun 13 – Washing day. Warm. Ethan went to Kalamazoo. Theodore went with him. Alvin Lee[88] called here a few minutes. He was going over to the burg. Claud[89] came. J. Frank Warren shot this morning.[90]

Jun 14 – Hoed in garden planted in some corn. Rain some.

Jun 15 – Fifty three years about nine oclock in Evening I landed here on this farm for the first time. Ethan left for Chicago 3 PM to see the McCormic Machine Co.[91]

Jun 16 – Mercury 94 in shade. Took Hannah over to Hat Taylors[92] in morning. Ed Childs came here. Went over to burg just at night. Took 11 doz Eggs 11 cts pr doz. Emmet Crawford[93] came. Wm Blake raised his shed on Battle Creek St. Got 50 lbs flour.

Jun 17 – Ethan came home this morning from Chicago. Emmet went home on the 2.15 train. Had a thunder shower verry hot day.

Jun 18 – At home. Worked in garden some. Hoed beans and some potatoes.

Jun 19 – Hoed corn and potatoes. Cul and Lee finished cultivating second time. Jim came home from Lous.

Jun 20 – Jim gone down to Fred Franklins this morning.

Jun 21 – Jim went to Kalamazoo after Cora and Floyd. They came up. Floyd came stayed over Sunday. Very hot day.

Jun 22 – At home. Floyd stayed here. Jim and Cory went up to the lake. Very much hot day. Mr Robert Snow Esq of Warsaw Died this morning. Ae. 73.[94]

Jun 23 – Mercury 86 in morning. Jim started for Chicago this morning. Cary and Floyd went on same train to Kalamazoo. They go home on the afternoon train. Mr Albert Town Died about noon to day.[95] Very warm day.

Jun 24 – Mercury 95 in shade PM. Went over to burg bot ½ bushel potatoes 20 cts. Ethan went up to Scots just at night after Hannah.

Jun 25 – Mercury 96 ½ past 11 AM. I not very well. Mr Albert Town buried to day. Ethan took Hannah up to Scotts this Evening. Fanny no better.

Jun 26 – Mercury 96 at 3 PM. Put poison on potatoes. Very hot day. Corn and potatoes grow fast. Folks haying some.

Jun 27 – Worked in garden some. Sprinkled potatoe bugs some. Very hot mercury 100 in shade.

Jun 28 – Mercury 102 in shade in afternoon. Hoed potatoes. Went up to Theodores after strawberries no got some.

Jun 29 – At home. Mercury 102 in shade. Mrs Sam Kingsley and Louisa Kingsley[96] called here in afternoon. Charley Clark[97] came stayed all night.

Jun 30 – Mercury 92 in morning when the accomodation came in. Hannah went over to Olmsteds. Fanny no better. Charley went home on Bobtail. Fanny Town Died ½ past Eight this Evening.[98] Rained in night.

Jul 1 – Mercury 90 and upwards. Went over to burg bot chicken feed. Ethan got Binder over. Clara, Girtie and Vinne[99] came up in afternoon. Made Clara a churn cover.

Jul 2 – Mercury 89 in morning. Sprinkled bugs and hoed some. Very warm nice breeze. Went over and got Ida Barber in afternoon. She went over to Towns to see Fanny.

Jul 3 – Fanny Town buried this afternoon. A. B. Spinney officiated. Mercury 90 ½ past 3 P.M. Some wind made it quite comfortable.

Jul 4 – Hot weather. Hoed some. Fed the bugs some tea very green tea.

Jul 5 – Mercury in the 90s. Hoed some in garden. Not very well.

Jul 6 – Cool morning. Sarah and I went to Kalamazoo this morning. Lou and children at Nancys found them all well.

Jul 7 – Hot morning. Came home to day. Stopt to Marts took dinner. Got home about sundown. Ver warm. Mrs Bea Caleb Smart Died to day.

Jul 8 – Very Hot. Choring round. Most to hot to do much.

Jul 9 – Nancy and Claud and Lelah came up.

Jul 10 – Very warm and dry. Not much work. Ethan working on binder.

Jul 11 – Warm. Hoing some. Claud, Nancy an Lelah here. Fence burned on hill south of barn. Think Mr H. Dale Addams[100] droped a match when he lit his pipe as he started for home.

Jul 12 – Went over to burg in morning took over 7 Doz Eggs sold them to A. Wells Beckwith Skinner & Co 11 cts pr doz. Bot 50 lbs flour 1.25. Sarah and Nancy went up to Will Browns.

Jul 13 – At home. Warm day. Had to be fence all day. Ed and Hannah went up to Gull Lake. Nancy thought there was a Hog around the house in night.

Jul 14 – Put up fence on hill what de smoke man burned hoop.[101] Rained some in afternoon. Cora Harris[102] came.

Jul 15 – Nancy, Claud and Lizzie Brown went up to Flanders after berries. Took Cora up to Ralphs.[103]

Jul 16 – 90 in morning. Hoed some in garden. Very hot.

Jul 17 – 96 in afternoon in shade. Took Nancy over to train. She went to Kal[104] to see how things was at home. Claud worked for Cull Town drew in wheat. Nancy came home on bobtail. Jesse Earl came down with some letters.

Jul 18 – Very warm morning. Hoed some in garden. Nancy, Claud and Lelah here.

Jul 19 – Not very well. Not work much. Very hot and dry now days. Looks like rain but he no com.

Jul 20 – 96 very hot. Jesse Earl came in to see about C. R. Cridlands[105] last letter.

Jul 21 – Mercury 85 at 2 PM. Drew tw loads wood in fore noon. Lou and children came to day.

Jul 22 – At home. Hoed some in garden. Very hot an dry.

Jul 23 – Went over to burg bot straps for wagon box.

Jul 24 – Turned out mawl for to drive bar to hold Fan. Mrs Caroline Earl here and Elva Crossfield.

Jul 25 – At home not do much. Very hot and dry. Went over got sack flour at Beckwiths $1.25.

Jul 26 – Hot and dry. Not much done. Hoed hoed some.

Jul 27 – At home no one here. Nancy and Claud went up to Will Browns.

Jul 28 – Mercury 105 in shade at noon. Hannah went up to W. W. Russels. Nancy and Claud went to George Smiths after berries.

Jul 29 – Very hot. Mr Smith brot one bushel berries to day. I not well laying around all day.

Jul 30 – No work to day. Mr Smith brot ½ bushel berries to day. Hot and dry.

Jul 31 – Will Clark[106] came over this morning. Nancy went to Kalamazoo to day.

Aug 1 – Very warm day. No work to day. The Foundry and machine shop planing mill Roulands big livery Barn andnd Hank Storms Barn Burned Just at night. Big fire.

Aug 2 – Mercury up in 90s very hot and dry. Went over to burg in morning.

Aug 3 – Mercury 110 in shade. Will Clark came over. Had a nice shower just at night. Nancy, Lou and their families here.

Aug 4 – Some cooler had a nice shower about noon. Took Jims trunk over to Depo. Will Clark went back to Chicago on the 2.15 train. He takes Jims trunk to him. Quite cool this afternoon. Eva Blake came over made a short call. Doc Wightman Died.[107] Bot 50 lb sack flour 2.25.

Aug 5 – At home. Not very well no work. Very hot.

Aug 6 – Mercury 100 in shade. All at home. Nancy and family, Lou and family all here. Doctor George R. Wightman buried to day.

Aug 7 – Very hot and dry. Ethan working on machine.

Aug 8 – Hot. Claud went over to burg after Lois and Ina.[108] I put finger board on my violin.

Aug 9 – I took Lou and children over to burg. They went home. Claude went to Kalamazoo with Charley Town.

Aug 10 – At home. Nancy went over to Lois in Evening. Bess came back with Ethan.

Aug 11 – Took Hannah over to Lois. Got the tires put on carriage $1.50. No rain yet.

Aug 12 – Went over to burg 355 lbs feed mixed 4.43. Not much work. Drew three loads wood. Hot and very dry. I. D. L. Schram thrashing.

Aug 13 – Looks like rain but he not come. Mr Whitcom thrashed. Mr W. W. Olins silver wedding this Evening.[109]

Aug 14 – Not very well. Very hot ad dry. Nancy and girls over to Lois. Hannah over to Town.

Aug 15 – Not much work. I not very well. Ethan work on binder. Hannah up to Culls. Trains met at Augusta the Limited Express and Freight, Engineer & fireman killed.[110]

Aug 16 – At home. The Advent Camp Meeting commenced to day north side of the river about 100 rods from our house.

Aug 17 – Raining very nicely at home. No one here except Nancy and family.

Aug 18 – Went over to burg in after noon bot fifty lbs Flour 1.40 cts. Ethan put the machine in the field.

Aug 19 – Had a nice shower this morning some thunder.

Aug 20 – Cool not very warm. Lois went up to Jackson to day. I went over to burg in Evening. Rained hard in night.

Aug 21 – Had a nice rain. Claud went to Kalamazoo on the 2.15 train.

Aug 22 – Cool and pleasant. Hannah and Nancy and Bess went up to Tips[111] this morning, drove Bill. Barnums show in Kalamazoo to day. They had a smashup at Shelbyville this morning.

Aug 23 – Not much work in me to day only chores.

Aug 24 – Charley Town, Ethan, Hannah, Nancy and Nell Wilkins and Mr John Maynard and his two sisters went to Vicksburg to a camp meeting. I went over to Mr Commings and R. G. Smiths.[112]

Aug 25 – Worked some on cross head. Wm Schroder came over to see Binder. I went over to burg in Evening took over 11 Doz Eggs to Wills 12 cts pr doz. Mrs Smith came home with me stayed all night. She expected to go to Scots.

Aug 26 – Rained this morning. Ed Childs came down after them. Hannah went but Mrs Smith no go. Ed took her home. I worked some on cross head.

Aug 27 – Chored around as usual. Went up to Mr Ridlers got some witch hazle to make a wash for Sarahs legs. Rena Galusha came down finished her picture.

Aug 28 – Mercury 84. Went over to burg in morning bot coffee, shugar, soap and lots things. Took the tickets over got the spoons.

Aug 29 – Charley Ford took Nancy and children home to day. She found Mrs Brown there.

Aug 30 – Hannah came home from Ed Chiles. Ed brot her home.

Aug 31 – At home all day. Nice day. Sherman Davis Buried to day.[113]

Sep 1 – Hannah went to Whiting Russels this morning. Fine weather. Ethan and Charlie working on Elevator.[114] I worked on Nancys Easle. Got 50 lbs flour 1.40 cts.

Sep 2 – Mercury 86 in shade. Dressed out stuf for the Easel. Verry hot and dry.

Sep 3 – Worked some on Eazle. The boys tried the binder it went very well.

Sep 4 – Took Hannah over to McNaughtons. Went over after Lois. Del brot over some peaches and pears. Lois came over and caned them. I finished Nancys Eazle.

Sep 5 – I dug potatoes in forenoon. Mr Sanborn[115] came up to see the Binder work it went all right. Rained in afternoon.

Sep 6 – Not much work. Doing chores as usual. Hannah at Em Evens to day.

Sep 7 – At home. Thought I would not go to church to day.

Sep 8 – Hannah some sick in forenoon. I took her over to Evens in afternoon.

Sep 9 – Hannah went up to Herb Gilsons this morning. Fanny came for her.

Sep 10 – I went over after the mail in morning. Del and Lois came over he was going down to Mr Jacksons after peaches and I went with him. Ethan and Charley went to Kalamazoo.

Sep 11 – Bill[116] sick this morning. Chored around and doctered Bill all day. Ethan got Bell Town[117] and took Hannah up to Ed Flanders.

Sep 12 – Bill no better not Eat. Gave him medacine all day. Ethan and Charly run the machine some in afternoon. Mr Knap came over. Rass[118] here. I chased pigs most of the time.

Sep 13 – Bill some better Eats some. I got horse of Charley Town. Went down to Marts in afternoon found the house all a lone no one at home. Finished diging potatos.

Sep 14 – At home all right. Nice day. No one here to day after Hannah.

Sep 15 – Nice day. Picked up some apples. Rained all night this Monday night. Cut down two old appletrees west of the house.

Sep 16 – Picked up some apples and pared them for pickling. Agent called here to sell some fruit trees. Mrs N. L. Randal Died this Evening.[119]

Sep 17 – Nice warm day. Pared more apples to day. Mrs Hall brot the grapes.

Sep 18 – Mrs N. L. Randal buried to day. Hannah and Mrs R. G. Smith[120] sewing. Jennie Isherwood and Haratio Patterson married this Evening.[121]

Sep 19 – Mercury 66 rainy day. Mrs Smith went home at noon. I went over to burg in morning sold 8½ Doz Eggs 15 cts pr doz 1.28 cts. Hat and children came to day.

Sep 20 – At home all day. Not done but drive pigs out of the garden and corn field.

Sep 21 – Lois and Ina came over and spent the day. Dell no come some.

Sep 22 – Hattie left for Jackson on the 7.27 am train. Nice pleasant day. Ethan took Hannah up to Rass Towns at noon.

Sep 23 – Went to Kalamazoo to Hank Browns. Mrs Brown[122] went up to Wills. Got bench screw 50¢.

Sep 24 – Hannah went to Kalamazoo. Mart and Mary[123] came up this morning brot up some timber for concave to clover Huller. Verry nice day. Charly cut some rye.

Sep 25 – Worked on Marts machine concave. Mart came after his concave. He paid $1.00. nice day.

Sep 26 – Got two bushels wheat of CA Town.[124] Took it to mill. Drove hogs the most of the day.

Sep 27 – Cool North East wind. Mrs R. G. came over worked for Hannah in forenoon. Took her home at non. Etta ____ worked in afternoon.

Sep 28 – Heavy frost this morning the first of the season here. Mr Andrew McLary died this afternoon.[125]

Sep 29 – Nice pleasant day. Mrs Smith came over. Charley thrashing to day.

Sep 30 – Went over and got Lois brot her over home. Took her back at night. Cora and Laverne[126] called in a few minutes. They wer with Mr Ralphs children. Hannah went to shelbyville to day.

Oct 1 – We washed to day. Rained some in afternoon. I went over got some medicine just at night for Ethan.

Oct 2 – Went up to mill to see the cross head and get the length of the bolts. Theodores folks moved to Battle Creek. I worked some on chair made one arm.

Oct 3 – Nice warm day. Repaired high chair. Mr Andrew McLary buried to day.

Oct 4 – Chored round. Split some wood. Went over to post office in Evening. Rained some. Hannah came home from Lous.

Oct 5 – At home. No one called to see Hannah about sewing. Rather a strange ocurrence for us not to have any callers on sunday.

Oct 6 – Hannah went to Mrs Bushes to work. I not do much. Cul Town and Nye came home.

Oct 7 – Clara came up here to day stayed all day.

Oct 8 – Sarah went over to George Blakes. I not very well. Very Nice weather. Took up the tomatoes.

Oct 9 – Not work much. Dick came over sold him axhelve 50¢. He not pay me.

Oct 10 – Mercury 63 in morning. Went over to burg took some tomatoes over to Lois. Very nice weather. Hannah over to Mrs Bushes this week.

Oct 11 – At home choring around as usual. Nice weather.

Oct 12 – At home all day. No one here I think not.

Oct 13 – Went to Kalamazoo in morning. Went to Nancys stayed all day. Went up to Lous on the three oclock P.M. train. D. went to Otsego to go down the river.

Oct 14 – At D. Harris. Found them all well. Lou and children doing well. Saw Cora Meridith[127] in morning.

Oct 15 – At the Harris house all day. Not do much.

Oct 16 – All right. At Lous all day not went over to Jays[128] a while towards night. D and Walter came home this Evening. Mrs Meridith[129] and Coras birthday. Cora is 20 years old.

Oct 17 – Went over to Mr Merediths[130] in afternoon a while and saw Coras birth day present. Very nice.

Oct 18 – At the Harris house. All right. Doing not much. D. and Walter went a fishing this Evening no get Eel. School closed to day. Floyd went in forenoon.

Oct 19 – At Harris house. Not go to church.

Oct 20 – At Lous. Doing some chores.

Oct 21 – At Lous. Choring as usual. Mary Mason Died this morning.[131]

Oct 22 – At Lous. Doing nothing as usual.

Oct 23 – At Lous. Feeding the pig and Eating pumpkin pie. Left shelby on the 2 oclock train. Went to Kalamazoo stayed to Hanks all night.

Oct 24 – Left shelby on the 2 oclock train went to At Kalamazoo all day. Went home on the 6 oclock P.M. train got home not far from seven oclock. Mary Mason buried to day.

Oct 25 – At home. All well. Went over to burg in Evening.

Oct 26 – At home. Nice day. Went over to Skinners just at night. Lois had got home. A young man by the name of Miller accidentaly shot himself at Scots to day.[132]

Oct 27 – Pleasant day. We washed. Ethan went over to Charleys got the rye[?].

Oct 28 – Took Sara over to Hoags[133] in morning. I went and saw Sam Hartwell about repairing chimney. Ed Allen[134] came here about 7 oclock Evening. Rained like fun.

Oct 29 – Rather rough day snowed some in afternoon. Ed left here a little past five PM for Boston. Mr Worden Wells Died to day Ae. 86 yrs.[135]

Oct 30 – Went up to I. D. L. Schrams got load sand to plaster the chimney. Some rain some snow.

Oct 31 – Turned out some rollers fo Mr Caywoods wringer. Snow. Went up to mill to see if I could find some maple for the rollers. Ethan worked on the road.

Nov 1 – Went over and got Claud in morning. Turned two rollers. Took of screen doors. Henry Crawford[136] came.

Nov 2 – Henry and Claud here. Some rainy morning. Charley and Hannah went down to Mr Pease. Will Caywood got his rollers.

Nov 3 – Henry and Claud went on the Eight 20 train this morning. Snowing some. Ethan took (incomplete)

Nov 4 – Went over to Election.[137] Not much work to day. Took Hannah over to Clapps.

Nov 5 – Sam came down this morning he no stay. I went over to burg in Evening got lime. Mr Whitcom moved to day from the Taylor place.

Nov 6 – Sam no come to repair chimney. Very fine day pleasant and warm.

Nov 7 – Hartwell came and took down the chimney and built it up a gan. Rather misty not he not rain very hard. Got brick of Dell fifty of Schroder.

Nov 8 – Sam came down and finished the chimneys. Some rainy.

Nov 9 – At home. No one here to stay. Edwin Flanders and wife and Mabel[138] called in a while to see Hannah.

Nov 10 – Went over to burg got Fans halter strap mended. Saw R. S. Vanvleet.

Nov 11 – Drew one load wood one load corn and the fodder that it came from. Dell, Lois and Mrs Hart Expect to go to Chicago to night. Mr John Sumner Buried to day.[139]

Nov 12 – At home. Work round house and doing things generally.

Nov 13 – Went up to the mill to see if I could get some boards to make bins in cornhouse to put the corn in when Cull got ready to put it in. Min came to day.

Nov 14 – Went up to the mill got some boards to fix cornhouse. Cull drew in the corn put in three loads. Min left for home on the 2.20 PM train.

Nov 15 – Sorted some corn. Went over after Nancy at noon she no come. Hank and Nancy came up on Evening train stayed all night.

Nov 16 – Hank and Nancy went up to Wills in afternoon came back in Evening. Rained all night.

Nov 17 – Raining hard. Hank went home on the Eight 20 AM train. I took Nancy over to Lois in forenoon. She goes home on the two 22 P.M. train.

Nov 18 – Working round doing chores and all kinds of work. Went over to burg.

Nov 19 – Clara Milham came up stayed all night. She had Will Owens[140] Horse and carriage.

Nov 20 – Went over to burg after Lou she came on noon train. Clara went up to Jim Milhams.[141] She came back stayed all night. I put some shingles on cornhouse.

Nov 21 – I put some shingles on cornhouse. Very nice pleasant day. Ethan and Clara went to Kalamazoo.

Nov 22 – Cut and drawed two loads wood in forenoon. Not do much in afternoon. Pleasant but cool. Two boys killed at Comstock to day noon by the west bound Express.

Nov 23 – Very pleasant and dry. Went over got Lois in morning. Lou and children here. Stell Milham here in Evening. Roads good and dusty. Nice fall weather.

Nov 24 – Work in woods. We cut and drawed three loads wood.

Nov 25 – Cold and windy. Put some shingles on cornhouse. Mrs Pierce killed by the cars at the burg this afternoon.[142]

Nov 26 – Went to Kalamazoo to get preasans for the wedding. Frank Raymond and Maud Addams wer married this Evening.[143]

Nov 27 – Sarah, Ethan, Hannah, Lou and Nancy and children all went up to Will Browns to turkey to day.

Nov 28 – At home. Lou and Nancy here. D. and Verne came this Evening.

Nov 29 – At home. Nancy went home to day. Hannah came home this Evening. Charley Town went out to Nells.

Nov 30 – All here. D and Floyd went up to Wm Ralphs. I broke Dells razor. We are all well.

Dec 1 – All here this morning. Hannah went over to Wm Blakes to work. I took Laverne and Floyd over to the cars they got left. D. and they wer going home.

Dec 2 – Some ledle snow on the ground. D. and the children went this morning on the 8.15 train. My business now days is going to Galesburg and home a gain from one to three times a day. Lou went over to burg.

Dec 3 – Lou went over to burg this[144] Sarah and Lou over to Lois this afternoon.

Dec 4 – Lou and Leone here all day. Sleighs running some to day. 4 inches snow.

Dec 5 – About six inches snow. Lou went to Kalamazoo on morning train on her way home. Took 2 bushels and 55 lbs wheat to mill. Sleighs running lively to day.

Dec 6 – Ethan went up to Shelbyville. I split some wood and chored around generally.

Dec 7 – At home. No one here. Mr Galusha folks drove in to see Hannah.

Dec 8 – Not much work to day but chores. Hannah went to Ed Gallushas to makum dress for some of the folks. Ina came over stayed all night.

Dec 9 – Went over to burg after Ethan he no come. Went over a gain in Evening he not come. Lois came home with me stayed all night.

Dec 10 – Went over took Lois home. Ethan no come on morning train he come on noon train. We washed to day.

Dec 11 – Not ver well. Sawed and drawed three loads wood. Took Sarah over to Geo Blakes.

Dec 12 – Chored round the house and barn. Cleaned out cornhouse. Finished sorting corn. Not very cold.

Dec 13 – Mercury 19 & 34 cold windy day. Went over to burg. Bot pail and varias things. Brot over one pair of shoes for Sally to try on to see if she liked um. She no likeum. Cold blustrous day.

Dec 14 – At home. No one here. Ethan and Hannah went up to Ed Flanders in afternoon. Nice day very nice weeling no snow to make de sla run some.

Dec 15 – Very nice pleasant sun shown out nice and warm all day. Roads smoot as a floor. Hannah to J. T. Allertons this week.

Dec 16 – At home choring around as usual. Nice wheeling.

Dec 17 – Took Sarah over to Jane Hoags. I patched cornhouse roof some. Nice weather.

Dec 18 – Went down to Marts to mill. Took some corn down for meal no get him. Not grind to day.

Dec 19 – Went down and got my grist. Nice wheeling. No snow.

Dec 20 – Ethan and I sawed and split two loads wood and drew it down.

Dec 21 – Sarah and I went down to Marts. Cold wind no storm. Found them all at home.

Dec 22 – Jim and Cora came this morning on the seven thirty train. Hannah went to Kalamazoo.

Dec 23 – Mercury 28 3 PM. Went over to burg in morning. Paid my tax $5.00 five Dollars. Very high wind all day. Jim and Cora went over to Lois in afternoon. Levy Struble and Cal Sumner married.[145] Grant Oatman and Mary Milham married to day.[146]

Dec 24 – Jim and Cora went to Shelbyville to day. All well as usual. Not work much.

Dec 25 – At home. No go somewhare to Christmass.

Dec 26 – Took Hannah over to Barbers in morning. We washed. I worked in the barn fixing well in afternoon. Charley drew the machine into the _____. Mr Randal and wife[147] came to day.

Dec 27 – Cold and blustring. Went over to Lois after Hannah 11 oclock AM. Wind blew and snow flew like fury. Worked at the pump some no get it thawed out.

Dec 28 – A little more mild to day. Ethan took Jim to Kalamazoo to day. He goes to Chicago on the 5 AM Express this Evening to night.

Dec 29 – Nice pleasant day. Hannah went to Mr Ralphs to work for Maud Struble. I worked at the well in barn. Charley Town brot nine hundred pounds of wheat to day. Old Mr Rogers Died to day.

Dec 30 – Pleasant day not so cold. Shelled some corn for feed for Fan and (illegible). Ethan and Bes went over to the burg in Evening.

Dec 31 – Shelled some corn. Rainy day some. No one here. Hannah came home. Old Mr Rogers buried to day.

——-

[1] Known better, and referred to, as Luke

[2] Galesburg, Michigan

[3] Michigan death records show that Zerah C. Durkee, age 49, was killed by a train engine in Comstock, Michigan on December 30, 1889 and FindAGrave.com shows that he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[4] FindAGrave.com shows that Philip Gray Cory died January 4, 1890 (not the 2nd) in Topeka, Kansas, and that he was buried in Riverside Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[5] His granddaughters, Lela and Bess Brown

[6] The train

[7] Neighbor, Cullen Towne

[8] Neighbor, Charles Towne

[9] Sister of D. Harris, Luke’s son-in-law

[10] His son-in-law, Adelbert Skinner, who was married to his daughter Lois

[11] His daughter, Hannah Keith

[12] Neighbor and “shirttail relative,” Theodore Earl

[13] Andrew B. Spinney

[14] His wife, Sarah (Crawford) Keith

[15] His son, James Keith, who lived in Chicago and worked for the Chicago streetcar system

[16] His daughter, Nancy (Keith) Brown

[17] His son, Ethan Keith

[18] Michigan marriage records show that Henry E. Storms and Ella Bennett were married in Galesburg, Michigan on January 15, 1890

[19] Michigan marriage records show that Jerome Baeuerle and Marie Bremer were married in Kalamazoo, Michigan on January 15, 1890

[20] Neighbor, Edgar Galusha

[21] Influenza; a highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory passages

[22] Neighbor, Mary Evelyn “Eva” (Forbush) Blake

[23] His daughter, Lois (Keith) Clark Skinner

[24] Pinking irons were used to finish the edges of fabrics in lieu of hemming, as well as to provide decorative embellishments for garments. When struck with a mallet, the iron cut through the fabric to produce a crisp, scalloped edge.

[25] Neighbor, Caroline (Rapelje) Allerton

[26] Scotts, Michigan

[27] Neighbor, Mary Ann “Mate” (Thompson) Ford

[28] His son-in-law and Nancy’s husband, Henry Brown

[29] His daughter, Louese (Keith) Harris, and granddaughter, LaVerne Harris

[30] His grandson, Floyd Harris

[31] Etc.

[32] Neighbor, Hannah (Flint) Smith, the wife of Russel G. Smith

[33] Neighbor, Charles Ford; husband of Mate (see footnote to January 27th entry)

[34] Clara Milham was the daughter of Luke’s late niece, Lucy (Lee) & Martin Milham, and she married William Owens on September 17, 1891

[35] His son Ethan whose middle name was Bradley

[36] /- is the symbol used for shilling. A shilling was a coin of Colonial America and varied between 12¢ and 16¢

[37] One of his hens. His 1888 diary notes that on April 27 – Set Major at night on 15 Eggs

[38] Michigan marriage records show that Thaddeus Clapp and Mary Sherwood were married on February 18, 1875 in Comstock, Michigan

[39] Willis Brown, Hank Brown’s brother

[40] Cora Meredith, his son Jim’s future wife

[41] Took his cow to the bull, but it appears it was a wasted effort

[42] Neighbors, the daughters of James & Ellen (Adams) Milham

[43] Shelbyville, Michigan, where his daughter Louese lived

[44] Nickname for his wife Sarah

[45] Michigan marriage records show that Edmund Knapp and Viola McMillen applied for a marriage license in Kent County, Michigan on February 26, 1890 but does not show that the marriage took place. The 1900 census does show them as married and living in Grand Rapids, Michigan

[46] His son-in-law, Daniel D. Harris, Jr., known as D. or D.D.

[47] Michigan marriage records show that Edward Swaddel and Olive Schram were married in Galesburg, Michigan on February 27, 1890

[48] Above zero

[49] Neighbor, Frances Towne; sister of Charles and Cullen Towne

[50] Mary (Knowles) Barber. While Michigan death records show that Mary Barber died April 20, 1890, Oak Grove Cemetery records show she died March 7, 1890, which agrees with Luke’s entry

[51] Luke uses this phrase quite often. The Oxford Dictionary gives its meaning as “vigorously or quickly”

[52] His granddaughter, D. and Louese’s daughter, Leone Harris, who was about 7 months old

[53] Possibly referring to Cora Meredith’s father, Walter “Burton” Meredith

[54] Neighbor, Richard Barber

[55] Attorney Lucius West

[56] Neighbor, Cornelia (Daniels) Comings

[57] Neighbor, Sarah (Simmons) Kingsley

[58] Neighbor and “shirttail relative;” father of Theodore Earl (see footnote to January 7th entry)

[59] Neighbors, William & Clara (Evans) Caywood

[60] His horse

[61] Abel Hoag; Abel’s wife, Sarah “Jane” (Mason) Hoag, and Luke’s wife Sarah were good friends

[62] Neighbors, George & Mary Evelyn “Eva” (Forbush) Blake

[63] Believe he is referring to his grand-nephew, John Herbert Keith, the son of James “Oscar” & Mary Ann (Batey) Keith

[64] Eliza “Betsy” (Old) Batey, Herbert’s grandmother

[65] His daughter Louese and her children, LaVerne, Floyd & Leone

[66] William McBeth

[67] Theodore’s wife, Alice (Vandercook) Earl

[68] Neighbor, John T. Allerton

[69] Neighbor, Edwin Flanders

[70] Michigan death records show that Isaac C. Abbott died in Comstock, Michigan on April 11, 1890 and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[71] His sister Catherine’s son-in-law, Martin Milham

[72] Michigan death records show that Henry Rennison died April 14, 1890 and FindAGrave.com shows that he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Hillside, Michigan

[73] Katherine (Atcheson) Crawford and her daughter, Blanche Crawford, who were the wife and daughter of Sarah’s brother, Hiram Crawford Jr.

[74] Neighbor, Hannah (Flint) Smith

[75] South Bend, Indiana, where her brother-in-law Henry Crawford’s family lived

[76] Neighbor, Isaac D. L. Schram

[77] No death or burial information was found for Mr. Martin, however, since the April 26th entry refers to him as Celery Martin, it is assumed that he was a celery farmer. Kalamazoo County was known as the Celery Capital of the World in the early decades of the last century

[78] Neighbor, Herbert Earl

[79] A neighbor from when Luke was living in Covington, New York. FindAGrave.com confirms that Chauncey Pond died May 2, 1890 at the age of 78 years, 7 months. He is buried in Pearl Creek Cemetery, Pearl Creek, New York

[80] Cullen Albert Towne; also referred to as Cul/Cull

[81] Willis & Elizabeth (Ogden) Brown; brother and sister-in-law of Hank Brown (see footnote to January 28th entry)

[82] Neighbors, Edwin & Mary Ellen (Smith) Flanders

[83] Michigan death records confirm that Orrin Franklin died May 21, 1890 in Comstock, Michigan and FindAGrave.com reveals that he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[84] Ida Barber married Eugene Howe in 1882 and in 1884 they had twins, Carrie and Charles. However, the 1900 census shows Ida as a widow and she, Carrie and Charles BARBER were living with Ida’s father, Richard. Carrie & Charles are listed as Richard’s grandchildren. However, Ethan Keith’s diary entry of September 22, 1884 shows: “Ida (Barber) Howe left Mr Howe to day. He feels real bad about it.”

[85] Michigan death records show that Hiram Tobey died in Charleston, Michigan on June 1, 1890 and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Lawler Cemetery, Augusta, Michigan

[86] Jesse Earl’s daughter, Elva, was married to Frank Crossfield, so this could be referring either to him or to his father, Charles Crossfield

[87] Neighbor, John C. Blake

[88] Alvin Lee was the son of Luke’s first cousin, Charles Lee, & Juliana Davis.

[89] His grandson, Claude Brown

[90] From the June 20, 1890 Hornellsville Weekly Tribune: “Last night Hubert Warren of Elmira, shot and killed his father for abusing his mother.” FindAGrave reveals that J. Franklin Warren is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Elmira, New York. His parents, Julius & Irene Warren, had been Luke’s neighbors in the 1860’s and 1870’s

[91] McCormick Harvesting Machine Company

[92] Neighbor, Harriet Taylor

[93] The son of his wife Sarah’s late brother, Edwin Crawford

[94] The New York death index shows Robert Snow died June 22, 1890 in Warsaw, New York. Apparently Robert Snow was a neighbor of Luke’s when he had lived in New York

[95] Michigan death records show that Albert H. Fown [sic] died in Comstock on June 23, 1890 and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[96] Sarah (Simmons) Kingsley and Louisa (Turner) Kingsley; they were married to brothers, Samuel and Salmon Kingsley, respectively

[97] His grandson, Charles Clark

[98] Michigan death records show that Fanny Fown [sic] died in Comstock on June 30, 1890 and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan. She died from an “unknown cause” just a week after her father, Albert Towne, died

[99] His grand-nieces, Clara, Gertrude and Lavinia Milham, the daughters of Martin & Lucy (Lee) Milham

[100] Neighbor, Harry Dale Adams

[101] Luke quite often used silly language in his diaries; in this case meaning “what the smoke man burned up,” referring to the July 11th entry

[102] D. Harris’ sister

[103] Presumably her grandparents, George & Hetta (Burgess) Ralph, who lived in Charleston, Michigan

[104] Kalamazoo, Michigan

[105] Charles R. Cridland, a former neighbor

[106] His grandson, William Clark

[107] Michigan death records show that George Wightman died August 8, 1890 (not August 4) and FindAGrave.com also shows he died August 8, 1890, and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[108] Lois’ daughter, Ina Skinner

[109] Neighbors, Washington W. & Mary Lucretia (Carson) Olin

[110] See Claude’s August 16, 1890 letter to his father at https://lettersfromthe1860s.wordpress.com/2020/02/20/august-16-1890-letter-to-henry-brown-from-claude-brown

[111] Neighbor, Eunice (Wood) Towne

[112] Neighbor, Russel G. Smith

[113] Michigan death records show that Sherman Davis died in Comstock on August 28, 1890 and FindAGrave.com reveals he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[114] Also referred to as the binder, or grain binder

[115] J. H. Sanborn, the general agent for the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company in Kalamazoo, Michigan

[116] His horse

[117] The Towne’s horse

[118] Erasmus Towne, Charles Towne and Cullen Towne were brothers

[119] No death record was found, however, FindAGrave.com revealed that Jane Randall, wife of Nathan L. Randall, died in 1891 (not 1890) and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan; research continues

[120] Hannah (Flint) Smith, the wife of Russel G. Smith (see footnote to August 24th entry)

[121] Michigan marriage records show that Horatio Patterson and Jennie Isherwood were married on September 19, 1890 (not the 18th) in Comstock, Michigan

[122] His neighbor, Matilda (Allen) Brown; Hank and Willis Brown’s mother

[123] Martin Milham and his daughter Mary Milham; the husband and daughter of Luke’s late niece, Lucy (Lee) Milham

[124] Neighbor, Cullen A. Towne

[125] Michigan death records confirm that Andrew McLary died September 28, 1890 in Charleston, Michigan and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Galesburg, Michigan

[126] Cora Harris and LaVerne Harris, the sister and daughter of D. and Louese (Keith) Harris

[127] His son Jim’s girlfriend, Cora Meredith

[128] His son-in-law D. Harris’ brother, Jay Ralph Harris

[129] Malvina (Johnson) Meredith

[130] Walter “Burton” Meredith

[131] Michigan death records confirm that Mary Mason died October 27, 1890 in Comstock, Michigan and FindAGrave.com reveals that she is buried in Prairie Home Cemetery in Climax, Michigan

[132] Michigan death records show that Samuel Miller, age 26, suffered an “accidental shooting” and died October 26, 1890 in Climax, Michigan, and FindAGrave.com shows he is buried in Gilson Cemetery in Climax

[133] Abel and Sarah “Jane” (Mason) Hoag; Luke’s wife Sarah and Jane were good friends

[134] His wife’s niece, Edna (Crawford) Allen; she was often referred to as “Ed” in Luke’s diaries

[135] Michigan death records show that Worden Wells died October 31, 1890 in Charleston, Michigan; however, the 10-31-1890 Kalamazoo Gazette ran an obituary showing “Galesburg, Oct. 29 – Worden Wells of the town of Charleston died this morning age 86…”

[136] His wife’s brother

[137] The 1890 United States elections occurred in the middle of Republican President Benjamin Harrison’s term. Members of the 52nd United States Congress were chosen in this election

[138] Neighbors, Edwin & Mary Ellen (Smith) Flanders and their daughter, Mabel Flanders

[139] Michigan death records show that John Sumner died on November 10, 1890 in Comstock, Michigan and FindAGrave.com reveals he is buried in Prairie Home Cemetery, Richland, Michigan

[140] Clara’s future husband

[141] Clara’s half-uncle, who was the father of Stella and Mary (see footnote to February 20th entry)

[142] Michigan death records show that Etta Odell died on November 25, 1890 in Charleston as a result of being “killed by cars,” and FindAGrave.com shows she is buried in the Galesburg City Cemetery. The November 25, 1890 Kalamazoo Daily Telegraph had this report:  STRUCK BY THE ENGINE. Mrs. Odell is Thrown a Distance of 70 Feet, Killing Her Instantly. GALESBURG, NOV. 33—[Special.]—Mrs. Austin Odell, commonly known as Loretta Pierce, a woman about 50 years of age, was instantly killed last evening by the fast train going west. The circumstances are not known as no one saw her until the engineer pulled back to the station and gave the alarm—he having seen her as she was thrown past the window. She was found about 70 feet from the crossing east of the depot, and it is thought she must have been attempting to cross there and was thrown that distance. The signals were given as usual and it seems strange that she did not hear them.

[143] Michigan marriage records confirm that they were married in Kalamazoo County, Michigan on November 26, 1890

[144] Sentence was incomplete

[145] Michigan marriage records confirm that Levy Struble and Clara Sumner were married on December 23, 1890 in Comstock, Michigan

[146] Michigan marriage records confirm that they were married on December 23, 1890 in Galesburg, Michigan

[147] Michigan marriage records show that Nathan L. Randall married Susan (Cross) Murcell on December 24, 1890 in Middlebury, Michigan